On This Day

1633 in History

Events in History

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 13 Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei arrived in Rome for trial before Inquisition for professing belief that earth revolves around the Sun

Astronomer and Physicist Galileo Galilei
Astronomer and Physicist
Galileo Galilei

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 22 St. Peter's Baldachin, the cathedral's sculptural centerpiece, by Gian Lorenzo Bernini is inaugurated by Pope Urban VIII in Rome

Baroque Sculptor Gian Lorenzo Bernini
Baroque Sculptor
Gian Lorenzo Bernini

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 1 Samuel de Champlain reclaims his role as commander of New France on behalf of Cardinal Richelieu.

French Explorer Samuel de Champlain
French Explorer
Samuel de Champlain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 7 Prince Frederick Henry appoints himself viceroy of Limburg

Prince of Orange Frederick Henry
Prince of Orange
Frederick Henry
  • Apr 23 Sweden & Protestant German monarchy form Union of Heilbronn
  • Jun 2 Prince Frederick Henry conquers fort Rhine at Cologne
  • Jun 20 Charter for Maryland is given to Lord Cecil Baltimore
  • Jun 22 Galileo Galilei forced to recant his Copernican views that the Earth orbits the Sun by the Pope (Vatican only admits it was wrong on Oct 31, 1992!)
  • Oct 8 Massachusetts Bay Colony forms its first government
  • Oct 22 Battle of Liaoluo Bay: Dutch East India Company defeated by Chinese Ming naval forces in southern Fujian sea

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 31 Nathaniel Crew, English bishop (Durham)
  • Feb 16 King Narai 'the Great' of the Ayutthaya Kingdom (Siam) (1656-88), (d. 1688)
  • Feb 20 Jan de Baen, portrait painter/etcher

Person of interestSamuel Pepys

Feb 23 Samuel Pepys, English navy administrator and Member of Parliament famous for his Diary of the English Restoration period, born in London (d. 1703)

Diarist Samuel Pepys
Samuel Pepys
  • Apr 20 Emperor Go-Kōmyō, 110th emperor of Japan, born in Kyoto, Japan (d. 1654)
  • Jun 1 Geminiano Montanari, Italian astronomer (d. 1687)
  • Jun 16 Jean de Thévenot, French traveler and scientist (d. 1667)
  • Jun 19 Philipp van Limborch, Dutch Remonstrants theologist and vicar, born in Amsterdam (d. 1712)
  • Jul 1 Johann Heinrich Heidegger, Swiss theologian, born in Bäretswil, Zürich, Switzerland (d. 1698)
  • Sep 8 Ferdinand IV, King of the Romans, born in Vienna (d. 1654)
  • Oct 4 Bernardino Ramazzini, Italian physician (founder of occupational medicine), born in Carpi, duchy of Modena (d. 1714)
  • Oct 14 James II of England and James VII of Scotland [Stuart], King of England, Scotland and Ireland (1685-88), born in St. James's Palace, London (d. 1701)
  • Nov 11 George Savile, 1st marquis of Halifax and author (Character of a Trimmer), born in Thornhill, West Yorkshire, England (d. 1695)
  • Dec 18 Adriaen Melar, Flemish engraver, baptised
  • Dec 18 Willem van de Velde the Young, Dutch seascape painter, baptised
  • Dec 26 Charles E Biset, Flemish painter, baptised

Deaths in History

  • Mar 1 George Herbert, English poet, dies at 39
  • Jul 12 Simon Besler, German composer, dies at 49
  • Jul 22 Trijntje Keever, presumed to have been the tallest woman ever (b.1616)
  • Aug 4 George Abbott, English theologist and the Archbishop of Canterbury (1611-1633), dies at 60
  • Sep 8 Carlo Caraffa, Italian jesuit/religious order founder, dies at about 72
  • Oct 1 Filaret [Fjodor N Romanov], patriarch of Moscow, dies
  • Oct 26 Horio Tadaharu, Japanese warlord (b. 1596)
  • Nov 7 Cornelis Drebbel, physicist/chemist/inventor (builder of the first submarine), dies
  • Nov 14 William Ames, English philosopher (b. 1576)
  • Dec 1 Isabella Clara Eugenia, Sovereign of the Netherlands (1598-1621), dies at 67
  • Dec 18 Theodoor Galle, Flemish engraver, buried at 62