On This Day

1634 in History

Events in History


Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 24 Emperor Ferdinand II declares Albrecht von Wallenstein a traitor

General and Nobleman Albrecht von Wallenstein
General and Nobleman
Albrecht von Wallenstein
Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II
Holy Roman Emperor
Ferdinand II
  • Feb 17 Puritan author William Prynne tried in Star Chamber for publishing "Histrio-masti", criticising the theatre

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 18 Ferdinand II orders commander Albrecht von Wallenstein's execution

Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II
Holy Roman Emperor
Ferdinand II
General and Nobleman Albrecht von Wallenstein
General and Nobleman
Albrecht von Wallenstein
  • Feb 19 Battle of Smolensk: King Wladyslaw IV of Poland beats Russians [NS=Mar 1]
  • Feb 25 Irish captain Walter Devereaux kills Duke Wallenstein
  • Mar 1 Battle at Smolensk: Polish King Wladyslaw IV beats Russians
  • Mar 3 1st tavern in Boston (Mass) opens (Samuel Cole)
  • Mar 13 First meeting of what would become the Academie Francaise in Paris at the house of Valentin Conrart
  • Mar 25 Under charter granted to Lord Baltimore and led by his brother Leonard Calvert first settlers found Catholic colony of Maryland
  • Apr 6 Heeren XIX (the directors of the Dutch West India Company) ask "to secure Eylands Curacao"
  • May 4 Johan van Walbeeck's fleet departs to West Indies
  • May 31 The colony of Massachusetts Bay annexes Maine colony
  • Jun 14 Russia and Poland sign Peace treaty of Polianov
  • Jul 4 The city of Trois-Rivières is founded in New France, later to become the Canadian province of Quebec
  • Jul 6 Johan van Walbeeck's ships bypass St-Anna Bay, Curaçao
  • Jul 29 Dutch fleet under Johannes van Walbeeck lands on Curacao
  • Aug 18 Urbain Grandier, accused and convicted of sorcery, is burned alive in Loudun, France.
  • Aug 26 Battle at Nordlingen Bavarian: Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II and Spanish forces defeat a force of Swedish and German protestants
  • Aug 27 Battle of Nordingen: Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar loses Duchy of Franconia
  • Sep 5 -6] Battle at Nordlingen: King Ferdinand III & Spain beat Sweden & German protestants
  • Sep 6 Battle at Nordlingen ends in Swedish/protestant German defeat
  • Oct 11 Burchardi flood - "the second Grote Mandrenke" kills about 15,000 in North Friesland, Denmark and Germany
  • Oct 19 Beach Island in North Sea destroyed by a heavy storm flood

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 20 British King Charles I disbands new "Ship Money" tax

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I
  • Nov 11 Following pressure from Anglican bishop John Atherton, the Irish House of Commons passes "An Act for the Punishment for the Vice of Buggery".

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 16 Dorthe Engelbrechtsdatter, Norwegian poet (d. 1716)
  • Jan 25 Gaspar Fagel, Dutch statesman & writer, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1688)
  • Feb 22 Petrus "Pieter" van Schooten, fortress architect
  • Mar 16 Contessa Marie Madeleine La Fayette, novelist
  • Mar 20 Balthasar Bekker, Frisian theologist (Examiner of Comets)
  • Apr 9 Albertine Agnes, princess of Orange-Nassau, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1696)
  • Jun 20 Charles Emmanuel II, Duke of Savoy (1638-75), born in Turin, Italy (d. 1675)
  • Jul 14 Pasquier Quesnel, French Jansenist theologian (d. 1719)
  • Jul 18 Johannes Camphuys, Governor-General of Dutch-Indies (1684-91), born in Haarlem, Dutch Republic (d. 1695)
  • Oct 18 Luca Giordano, Italian artist (d. 1705)
  • Oct 23 Hedwig Eleonora of Holstein-Gottorp, Queen of Sweden by marriage to Charles X Gustav of Sweden (1654-60) (d. 1715)
  • Dec 1 John-Erasmus Quellinus [Quellien], Flemish painter
  • Dec 24 Mariana of Austria, queen consort and niece of Philip IV of Spain, regent to son Charles II, born in Wiener Neustadt, Austria (d. 1696)

Deaths in History

  • Feb 15 Wilhelm Fabry, German surgeon (Father of German surgery), dies at 73

Person of interestAlbrecht von Wallenstein

Feb 25 Albrecht von Wallenstein, Bohemian-German general and statesman (Thirty Years' War), assassinated at 50

General and Nobleman Albrecht von Wallenstein
General and Nobleman
Albrecht von Wallenstein
  • May 12 George Chapman, English dramatist, poet and translator of Homer, dies
  • May 15 Hendrick Avercamp, Dutch painter (b. 1585)
  • Jun 22 Johann von Aldringen, Austrian field marshal (b. 1588)
  • Jun 25 John Marston, English poet and playwright (b. 1576)
  • Aug 9 Pieter I de Jode, Flemish publisher, dies
  • Aug 9 William Noy, English jurist (b. 1577)
  • Aug 18 Urbain Grandier, French priest (b. 1590)
  • Sep 3 Edward Coke, English Chief Justice and politician (defended common law), dies at 82
  • Nov 15 Johann Staden, German composer, dies at 53
  • Dec 29 John Albert Vasa, Polish bishop, dies at 22