On This Day

1634 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 24 Emperor Ferdinand II declares Albrecht von Wallenstein a traitor
  • Feb 17 Puritan author William Prynne tried in Star Chamber for publishing "Histrio-masti", criticising the theatre
  • Feb 18 Ferdinand II orders commander Albrecht von Wallenstein's execution
  • Feb 19 Battle of Smolensk: King Wladyslaw IV of Poland beats Russians [NS=Mar 1]
  • Feb 25 Irish captain Walter Devereaux kills Duke Wallenstein
  • Mar 1 Battle at Smolensk: Polish King Wladyslaw IV beats Russians
  • Mar 3 1st tavern in Boston (Mass) opens (Samuel Cole)
  • Mar 13 First meeting of what would become the Academie Francaise in Paris at the house of Valentin Conrart
  • Mar 25 Under charter granted to Lord Baltimore and led by his brother Leonard Calvert first settlers found Catholic colony of Maryland
  • Apr 6 Heeren XIX (the directors of the Dutch West India Company) ask "to secure Eylands Curacao"
  • May 4 Johan van Walbeeck's fleet departs to West Indies
  • May 31 The colony of Massachusetts Bay annexes Maine colony
  • Jun 14 Russia and Poland sign Peace treaty of Polianov
  • Jul 4 The city of Trois-Rivières is founded in New France, later to become the Canadian province of Quebec
  • Jul 6 Johan van Walbeeck's ships bypass St-Anna Bay, Curaçao
  • Jul 29 Dutch fleet under Johannes van Walbeeck lands on Curacao
  • Aug 18 Urbain Grandier, accused and convicted of sorcery, is burned alive in Loudun, France.
  • Aug 26 Battle at Nordlingen Bavarian: emperor Ferdinand II & Spain beat Sweden & German protestants
  • Aug 27 Battle of Nordingen: Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar loses Duchy of Franconia
  • Sep 5 -6] Battle at Nordlingen: King Ferdinand III & Spain beat Sweden & German protestants
  • Sep 6 Battle at Nordlingen ends in Swedish/protestant German defeat
  • Oct 11 Burchardi flood - "the second Grote Mandrenke" kills about 15,000 in North Friesland, Denmark and Germany
  • Oct 19 Beach Island in North Sea destroyed by a heavy storm flood

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 20 British King Charles I disbands new "Ship Money" tax

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I
  • Nov 11 Following pressure from Anglican bishop John Atherton, the Irish House of Commons passes "An Act for the Punishment for the Vice of Buggery".

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 16 Dorthe Engelbrechtsdatter, Norwegian poet (d. 1716)
  • Jan 25 Gaspar Fagel, Dutch statesman & writer, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1688)
  • Feb 22 Petrus "Pieter" van Schooten, fortress architect
  • Mar 16 Contessa Marie Madeleine La Fayette, novelist
  • Mar 20 Balthasar Bekker, Frisian theologist (Examiner of Comets)
  • Apr 9 Albertine Agnes, princess of Orange-Nassau, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1696)
  • Jun 20 Charles Emmanuel II, Duke of Savoy (1638-75), born in Turin, Italy (d. 1675)
  • Jul 14 Pasquier Quesnel, French Jansenist theologian (d. 1719)
  • Jul 18 Johannes Camphuys, Governor-General of Dutch-Indies (1684-91), born in Haarlem, Dutch Republic (d. 1695)
  • Oct 18 Luca Giordano, Italian artist (d. 1705)
  • Oct 23 Hedwig Eleonora of Holstein-Gottorp, Queen of Sweden by marriage to Charles X Gustav of Sweden (1654-60) (d. 1715)
  • Dec 1 John-Erasmus Quellinus, [Quellien], Flemish painter

Deaths in History

  • Feb 15 Wilhelm Fabry, German surgeon (Father of German surgery), dies at 73
  • Feb 25 Albrecht von Wallenstein Bohemian general and statesman (Thirty Years War) assassinated at 50
  • May 12 George Chapman, English dramatist/interpreter, dies
  • May 15 Hendrick Avercamp, Dutch painter (b. 1585)
  • Jun 22 Johann von Aldringen, Austrian field marshal (b. 1588)
  • Jun 25 John Marston, English poet and playwright (b. 1576)
  • Aug 9 Pieter I de Jode, Flemish publisher, dies
  • Aug 9 William Noy, English jurist (b. 1577)
  • Aug 18 Urbain Grandier, French priest (b. 1590)
  • Sep 3 Edward Coke, English Chief Justice and politician (defended common law), dies at 82
  • Nov 15 Johann Staden, German composer, dies at 53
  • Dec 29 John Albert Vasa, Polish bishop, dies at 22