On This Day

1637 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 23 Dutch governor Johan Mauritius lands in Pernambuco, Brazil
  • Feb 2 Zorilla's "El más Impropio Verdugo Para Las" premieres in Madrid
  • Feb 15 Ferdinand III succeeds Ferdinand II as Holy Roman Emperor
  • May 13 Cardinal Richelieu of France reputedly creates the table knife
  • May 26 Mystic Massacre: in 1st battle of Pequot War in Connecticut about 500 Pequot Native Americans are killed by Colonial forces
  • Aug 28 WIC-colonel Hans Koin conquers Fort Elmina, West Africa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 7 Prince Frederick Henry occupies Breda

Prince of Orange Frederick Henry
Prince of Orange
Frederick Henry
  • Nov 7 Anne Hutchinson tried in Massachusetts Bay Colony as a heretic
  • Nov 20 Peter Minuit & 1st Swedish immigrants to Delaware sail from Sweden
  • Dec 17 Shimabara Rebellion: Japanese peasants led by Amakusa Shiro rise against daimyo Matsukura Shigeharu

Birthdays in History

  • Feb 10 Henriette Catharina van Nassau, Dutch daughter of Frederick Henry
  • Feb 12 Jan Swammerdam, Amsterdam, Dutch anatomist and entomologist (Bible of Nature)
  • Mar 5 Jan van der Heyden, Dutch painter and inventor (fire hose; street lighting), born in Gorinchem, South Holland
  • Mar 12 Anne Hyde, wife of James II of England (d. 1671)
  • Apr 26 Philip Julius van Lichtenbergh, Governor of Suriname, born in Heusden, Noord-Brabant, Netherlands (d. 1674)
  • Jun 10 Jacques Marquette, French Jesuit missionary explorer (Chicago), born in Laon, France (d. 1675)
  • Aug 16 Emilie Juliane of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, German countess and poet (d. 1706)
  • Aug 20 Cornelis Van Aerssen, Dutch governor of Suriname (1638-88), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1688)
  • Aug 27 Charles Calvert, 3rd Baron Baltimore, Governor of the Province of Maryland, born in Salisbury, England (d. 1715)
  • Oct 20 Nicolaas van der Veken, Flemish sculptor (confessional chairs)
  • Nov 21 Catharina Questiers, Dutch poet (Friend of Abandoned Child), born in Amsterdam (d. 1669)
  • Nov 30 Louis-Sébastien Le Nain de Tillemont, French ecclesiastical historian, born in Paris (d. 1698)
  • Dec 6 Edmund Andros, English governor in North America, born in London (d. 1714)

Deaths in History

Person of interestFerdinand II

Feb 15 Ferdinand II, King of Bohemia & Hungary and German Emperor (1619-37), dies at 58

Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II
Holy Roman Emperor
Ferdinand II
  • Mar 19 Péter Pázmány, Hungarian cardinal and statesman, dies at 66
  • Apr 1 Niwa Nagashige, Japanese warlord (b. 1571)
  • May 10 Susanna van Baerle, Dutch wife of Constantine Huygens, dies at 37
  • May 19 Isaac Beeckman, Dutch scientist and philosopher, dies at 48
  • Jun 24 Nicolas-Claude Fabri de Peiresc, French astronomer (b. 1580)

Person of interestBen Jonson

Aug 6 Ben Jonson, English playwright and poet, dies at 65

Playwright and Poet Ben Jonson
Playwright and Poet
Ben Jonson
  • Aug 10 Johann Gerhard, German Lutheran leader (b. 1582)
  • Aug 13 Dirck J Bas, Dutch merchant/regent/government leader (OIC), dies
  • Sep 14 Pierre Vernier, French mathematician and inventor of the vernier caliper used for taking accurate measurements, dies at 57
  • Sep 29 Lorenzo Ruiz, Filipino saint
  • Oct 7 Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy (1630-37), dies at 50
  • Oct 14 Gabriello Chiabrera, Italian poet, dies at 86
  • Oct 21 Laurens Reael, Dutch vice-governor of Ambon, poet, and admiral, dies at 54
  • Oct 28 Foppe van Aitzema, diplomat, dies at about 57