On This Day

1638 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 3 Dutch Premier Van Joost speaks of "Hostage rights of Aemstel"
  • Jan 3 Schouwburg Theater, the 1st in Amsterdam, opens
  • Jan 5 Petition in Recife Brazil leads to closing of their 2 synagogues
  • Feb 28 Scottish Presbyterians sign National Convent, Greyfriars, Edinburgh
  • Mar 3 Duke Bernard of Saxe-Weimar occupies Rheinfelden
  • Mar 22 Religious dissident Anne Hutchinson expelled from Massachusetts Bay Colony
  • Mar 29 1st permanent white settlement in Delaware (Swedish Lutherans)
  • May 7 Cornelis S Goyer takes possession of Mauritius (uninhabited)
  • May 12 Emperor Shah Jahan commissions construction of the Red Fort at Shahjahanabad, Mughal Empire (now Dehli, India)
  • May 13 Construction of the Red Fort begins at Shahjahanabad, Mughal Empire (now Dehli, India)
  • May 14 Admiral Adam Westerwolt conquers Batticaloa, Ceylon
  • Jun 1 1st earthquake recorded in US, at Plymouth, Massachusetts
  • Jun 25 Lunar eclipse is 1st astronomical event recorded in the American Colonies
  • Aug 9 Jonas Bronck of Holland becomes 1st European settler in Bronx
  • Sep 1 -4] French queen-mother Maria de' Medici visits Amsterdam
  • Dec 17 French and Swedish troops occupy Breisach on the Rhine

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 1 Antoinette du Ligier de la Guard Deshoulieres, French poet/playwright
  • Jan 1 Emperor Go-Sai of Japan (d. 1685)
  • Jan 10 Nicolas Steno, Danish scientist & bishop, born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1686)
  • Jan 12 Ernst R Tarhemberg, Austrian fieldmarshal (Turkish Wars)
  • Jan 24 Charles Sackville, 6th Earl of Dorset, English poet (d. 1706)
  • Mar 14 Johann Georg Gichtel, German mystic and religious leader, born in Regensburg, Germany (d. 1710)
  • Mar 15 Shunzhi Emperor of China (1644-1661) Third Qing Emperor, born in Shengjing (d. 1661)
  • Mar 23 Frederik Ruysch, Dutch anatomist
  • May 6 Henry Capell, 1st Baron Capell, English politician and First Lord of the British Admiralty, born in Hadham Parva, Hertfordshire (d. 1696)
  • May 13 Richard Simon, French Biblical critic (d. 1712)
  • Jun 15 Samuel Apostool, Dutch vicar/theologist (The Sun)
  • Jul 6 Gerrit Berckheyde, Dutch painter, born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1698)
  • Jul 10 David Teniers III, Flemish painter, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1685)
  • Aug 6 Nicolas Malebranche, French rationalist philosopher, born in Paris (d. 1715)

Person of interestLouis XIV

Sep 5 Louis XIV [Sun King], King of France (1643-1715), born in Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France (d. 1715)

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV

Person of interestMaria Theresa of Spain

Sep 10 Maria Theresa of Spain, Queen of Louis XIV of France, born in El Escorial, Spain (d. 1683)

Queen of Louis XIV Maria Theresa of Spain
Queen of Louis XIV
Maria Theresa of Spain
  • Oct 18 Lars Johnstown [Lasse Lucidor], Swedish poet
  • Oct 31 Meindert Hobbema, Dutch landscape painter, baptised in Amsterdam (d. 1709)
  • Nov 25 Catherine of Braganza, Portuguese Roman Catholic Queen of Charles II of England, born in Vila Vicosa, Portugal (d. 1705)
  • Dec 24 Ralph Montagu, 1st Duke of Montagu, English diplomat, born in London, England (d. 1709) (baptism date)

Weddings in History

  • Feb 11 Dutch countess Louise of Solms marries earl John of Brederode

Deaths in History

  • Jan 27 Gonzalo de Céspedes y Meneses, Spanish novelist
  • Feb 28 Claude Gaspard Bachet de Meziriac, French mathematician and poet, dies at 56
  • Feb 28 Henri duc de Rohan, French soldier and Huguenot leader, dies
  • Mar 8 Jacob C van Neck, admiral/mayor of Amsterdam, dies at about 73
  • Mar 19 Paul Moreelse, Dutch painter/master builder, dies at about 66
  • Mar 26 Palamedes "Stevens" Palamedesz, painter, dies at about 30
  • Apr 7 Shimazu Tadatsune, Japanese ruler of Satsuma, dies at 61
  • May 6 Cornelius Jansen, French Roman Catholic reform leader (Jansenism), dies at 52
  • Jun 27 Lukaris Cyrillus, patriarch of Alexandria/Constantinople, dies
  • Jul 27 Johan VIII de Jongere, count of Nassau-Siegen, dies in battle at 54
  • Jul 31 Sybilla Schwarz, German baroque poet, dies at 17
  • Aug 12 Johannes Althusius [Althaut], German lawyer, dies at about 81
  • Sep 14 John Harvard, English clergyman and benefactor of Harvard College, dies at 30
  • Oct 17 Gilles Claesz de Hondecoeter, Flemish (?) painter, buried at about 63
  • Nov 8 Johann H Alsted, German theologist/philosopher, dies at 50
  • Nov 11 Cornelis Cornelisz, "of Haarlem", painter, dies at about 76
  • Dec 10 Ivan [Dzivo F] Gundulic, Dalmatian writer (Osman), dies at 49
  • Dec 18 Le Pere Joseph, French mystic, dies