On This Day

1640 in History

Events in History

  • Mar 9 Pierre Corneilles "Horace" premieres in Paris
  • Apr 13 English Short Parliament forms (- May 5)
  • May 3 English Upper house accepts Act of Attainder
  • May 5 English Short Parliament rises
  • May 12 Uprising against Spanish king Philip IV
  • Aug 3 2,000 men VOC-army surrounds the city of Malacca
  • Aug 3 Zorilla's "Bire el Ojo" premieres in Toledo

BattleBattle of Interest

Aug 28 Second Bishop's War: King Charles I's English army loses to a Scottish Covenanter force at the Battle of Newburn

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I
  • Aug 29 English King Charles I signs a peace treaty with Scotland
  • Nov 3 English Long Parliament forms
  • Nov 11 Thomas Wentworth, Earl of Strafford, impeached by the House of Lords on the evidence of John Pym, and imprisoned in the Tower of London; he was later executed.
  • Dec 1 Portugal regains independence after 60 years of Spanish rule following a revolution by Portuguese nobility; the Portuguese Restoration War begins and lasts until 1668 with recognition by Spain of the country's independence
  • Dec 9 Settler Hugh Bewitt banished from Mass colony when he declares himself to be free of original sin
  • Dec 15 Duke of Braganca crowned King Johan IV of Portugal
  • Dec 25 Pierre de Fermat writes to Marin Mersenne about Fermat's church thesis

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 25 William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Devonshire, English polymath & aristocrat, born in Handsworth, England (d. 1707)
  • Mar 18 Philippe de la Hire, French mathematician and astronomer (d. 1719)
  • Apr 1 Georg Mohr, Danish mathematician (d. 1697)
  • Apr 22 Mariana Alcoforado, Portuguese nun, born in Beja, Portugal (d. 1723)
  • May 31 Michał Wiśniowiecki, King of Poland (1669-73), born in Biały Kamień, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (d. 1673)
  • Jun 5 Pu Songling, Qing Dynasty Chinese writer (Strange Stories from a Chinese Studio), born in Zibo, Shandong (d. 1715)
  • Jun 9 Leopold I, Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire (1658-1705), born in Vienna (d. 1705)
  • Jun 15 Bernard Lamy, French mathematician (d. 1715)
  • Jun 21 Abraham Mignon, Dutch still life painter, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1679)
  • Sep 29 Antoine Coyzevox, French sculptor, baptized
  • Nov 28 Willem de Vlamingh, Dutch sea captain (explored the then "New Holland", central west coast of Australia), born in Oost-Vlieland, Dutch Republic (c. 1648)
  • Dec 6 Claude Fleury, French priest and historian, born in Paris (d. 1723)
  • Dec 13 Robert Plot, English naturalist, born in Borden, Kent (d. 1696)
  • Dec 14 Aphra Behn, English playwright and novelist, baptized in Canterbury, England (d. 1689)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 14 Thomas Coventry, 1st Baron Coventry, English lawyer and judge (b. 1578)
  • Jan 22 Erasmus Quellinus I, Flemish wood carver, dies at about 55
  • Jan 25 Robert Burton, British writer and Anglican clergyman (The Anatomy of Melancholy), dies at 62
  • Feb 4 Hendrick C Vroom, Dutch seascape painter, dies
  • Feb 8 Murad IV, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1623-40) who conquered Baghdad, dies from cirrhosis in Istanbul at 27
  • Mar 17 Philip Massinger, dramatist, dies
  • Apr 2 Matthias C Sarbiewski [Sarbievius], Polish jesuit/poet, dies at 45
  • Apr 10 Charlotte Flandrina van Nassau, daughter of Willem I, dies at 60
  • May 30 Andre Duchesne, French historian/genealogy, dies
  • May 30 Peter Paul Rubens, Flemish Baroque painter, dies at 62
  • Jun 3 Theophilus Howard, 2nd Earl of Suffolk, English politician, dies at 55
  • Jul 12 Henry Casimir I, count of Nassau-Dietz, dies
  • Oct 1 Claudio Achillini, Italian lawyer and poet, dies at 66
  • Oct 20 John Ball, English Puritan clergyman (b. 1585)
  • Oct 26 Pietro Tacca, Italian sculptor and architect (Aanbidding of the Point), dies at 63
  • Dec 6 Matthijs Elsevier, Flemish/Dutch book publisher/merchant, dies at 75
  • Dec 9 Pierre Fourier, Roman Catholic saint and French priest (b.1565)
  • Dec 30 John Francis Regis, French saint (b. 1597)