On This Day

1642 in History

Events in History

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 4 King Charles I with 400 soldiers attacks the English parliament

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I
  • Mar 1 Georgeana (York) in Maine becomes the 1st incorporated American city
  • Mar 9 English Queen Henriette Maria arrives in Hellevoetsluis, Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 12 Abel Tasman is the 1st European to sight New Zealand, viewing the north-west coast of the South Island

Explorer and Seafarer Abel Tasman
Explorer and Seafarer
Abel Tasman
  • Mar 27 The sixth Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia Joseph takes office.
  • May 6 Ville Marie (Montreal) forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 18 Ville-Marie (later Montreal), Canada, founded by the Société Notre-Dame de Montréal

Nurse and Settler of New France Jeanne Mance
Nurse and Settler of New France
Jeanne Mance
  • May 30 All honours granted by Charles I are retrospectively annulled by Parliament
  • Jun 14 1st compulsory education law in America passed by Massachusetts
  • Aug 13 Dutch astronomer Christiaan Huygens discovers Martian south polar cap
  • Aug 14 Able Tasman's ships Heemskerck/Zeehaen depart out from Batavia
  • Aug 22 English Civil War begins between Royalists and Parliament

Notable FireworksGlobe Theatre Fire

Sep 6 English Long Parliament issues Ordinance ordering closure of London theatres including the Globe theatre, once part-owned by William Shakespeare

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Shakespeare's Globe Theatre on fire
Shakespeare's Globe Theatre on fire
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  • Sep 19 Perpignan surrenders to French troops
  • Sep 23 Harvard College in Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1st commencement
  • Oct 23 Battle of Edgehill (Warwickshire): King Charles I beat English parliamentarian forces
  • Nov 2 Second Battle of Breitenfeld, aka First Battle of Leipzig; victory for the Swedish army under Field Marshal Lennart Torstenson over Holy Roman Empire army under Archduke Leopold Wilhelm of Austria
  • Nov 13 Battle at Turnham Green outside London: King Charles I vs English parliament
  • Nov 24 Dutch explorer Abel Tasman discovers Van Diemen's Land (Tasmania)
  • Dec 13 Dutch explorer Abel Tasman sights the South Island of present day New Zealand; initially he calls it Staten Landt and changes it a year later to Nieuw Zeeland
  • Dec 18 Abel Tasman's expedition sails around Farewell Spit and into Golden Bay, first sighting local Māori in New Zealand
  • Dec 19 4 of Abel Tasman's crew killed at Wharewharangi (Murderers) Bay by Māori; Tasman's ships depart without landing
  • Dec 22 Pope Urbanus VIII publishes decree In eminente

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 2 Mehmed IV, sultan (Turkey)
  • Jun 20 George Hickes, English linguist (Old German Philology), born in Newsham, Thirsk, Yorkshire (d. 1715)
  • Aug 1 Ahmed II, 21st Sultan of Turkey (1691-95), born in Istanbul, Ottoman Empire (d. 1695) [or born Feb 25, 1643]
  • Aug 14 Cosimo III de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, monarch of Florence (1670-1723), born in Pitti Palace, Florence, Tuscany (d. 1723)
  • Nov 16 Cornelis Evertsen the Youngest, Dutch admiral and buccaneer of Zeeland, born in Vlissingen, Netherlands (d. 1706)
  • Nov 24 Anne Hilarion de Cotentin, earl of Tourville/knight/admiral/marshal

Person of interestIsaac Newton

Dec 25 Isaac Newton, English physicist, mathematician and astronomer (Gravity, Laws of Motion), born in Woolsthorpe-by-Colsterworth, England (d. 1727)

Physicist & Mathematician Isaac Newton
Physicist & Mathematician
Isaac Newton
  • Dec 30 Vincenzo da Filicaja, Italian poet (d. 1707)

Deaths in History

Person of interestGalileo Galilei

Jan 8 Galileo Galilei, Italian astronomer, physicist and engineer who has been called the father of science, dies at 77

Astronomer and Physicist Galileo Galilei
Astronomer and Physicist
Galileo Galilei
  • Feb 7 William Bedell, English clergyman (b. 1571)
  • Apr 30 Dmitry Pozharsky, Russian prince (known for his military leadership during the Polish–Muscovite War 1611-12), dies at 63
  • May 6 Frans Francken the Younger, Flemish painter, dies on 61st birthday
  • Jul 3 Maria de' Medici, French queen-mother, dies at about 69
  • Jul 18 Willem earl of Nassau-Siegen, gov of Ft Emmerik/Heusden, dies
  • Aug 18 Guido Reni, Italian Baroque painter, dies at 66
  • Sep 3 Elisabeth of Nassau, Daughter of Willem I & Charlotte of Bourbon, dies at 65
  • Sep 12 Cinq Mars, French plotter, executed
  • Sep 29 René Goupil, French Catholic missionary, one of Canadian Martyrs (b. 1608)
  • Nov 1 Jean Nicolet, French explorer (b. 1598)
  • Nov 7 Henry Montagu, 1st Earl of Manchester, English politician
  • Dec 4 Armand-Jean Duplessis Richelieu, bishop of Lucon, dies at about 57