On This Day

1643 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 23 Sir Thomas Fairfax takes Leeds for Parliamentarians in English Civil War
  • Feb 25 Pavonia Massacre: Dutch US colonists kill 120 Algonquin Native Americans at Communipaw (New Jersey)
  • Apr 27 Tirso de Molina's "Bellaco Sois, Gomez" premieres in Madrid
  • May 10 Essex County, Massachusetts is founded, which contains the town of Salem in which the notorious witch-trials will occur in 1692
  • May 13 Battle of Grantham: English parliamentary armies beat royalists
  • May 13 Heavy earthquake strikes Santiago Chile; kills 1/3 of population

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 14 Louis XIV becomes King of France aged 4

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV
  • May 19 Battle at Rocroi/Allersheim: French army destroys Spanish army
  • May 19 Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth, Connecticut and New Harbor form the United Colonies of New England
  • Jun 15 Able Tasman returns to Batavia after discovering Tasmania
  • Jun 18 Skirmish at Chalgrove Field: Prince Rupert parliamentary armies
  • Jun 30 Battle of Atherton Moor: Royalists beat parliamentary armies
  • Jul 5 1st recorded tornado in US (Essex County, Massachusetts)
  • Jul 13 Battle at Roundway Down: Royalists beat parliamentary armies

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Jul 27 Oliver Cromwell defeats Royalists at Battle of Gainsborough

English Military and Political Leader Oliver Cromwell
English Military and Political Leader
Oliver Cromwell

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Sep 20 First Battle of Newbury (English civil war): King Charles I's forces beaten by a parliamentary army led by the Earl of Essex and Philip Stapleton

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I
  • Nov 24 Battle of Tuttlingen: Beiers army under Gen Mercy beats France
  • Dec 13 English Civil War: The Battle of Alton takes place in Hampshire.
  • Dec 25 Christmas Island founded and named by Captain William Mynors of the East India Ship Company vessel, the Royal Mary.

Birthdays in History

  • Feb 16 John Sharp, English Archbishop of York (1691-1714), born in Bradford, England (d. 1714)
  • Feb 25 Ahmed II, 21st Sultan of Turkey (1691-95), born in Istanbul, Ottoman Empire (d. 1695) [or born Aug 1, 1642]
  • Mar 25 Louis Moréri, French encylopedist (d. 1680)
  • Apr 5 Charles V Leopold, Duke of Lorraine and Austrian fieldmarshal, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1690)
  • May 7 Stephanus Van Cortlandt, American politician, 17th Mayor of New York City (1686-88), born in New Amsterdam (now NYC) (d. 1700)
  • Aug 21 Afonso VI, mentally ill King of Portugal (1656-67), born in Ribeira Palace, Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1683)
  • Sep 17 Gilbert Burnet, Scottish philosopher and Bishop of Salisbury, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1715)
  • Sep 27 Solomon Stoddard, American Puritan clergyman, born in Boston (d. 1729)
  • Oct 14 Bahādur Shah I, 7th Mughal Emperor of India, born in Burhanpur, Mughal Empire (d. 1712)
  • Nov 1 John Strype, English historian and biographer, born in Houndsditch, London (d. 1737)
  • Nov 16 Jean Chardin, French explorer (Middle East and India), born in Paris (d. 1713)
  • Nov 22 René-Robert Cavelier, sieur de La Salle, French explorer (Louisiana), born in Rouen, France (d. 1687)

Deaths in History

  • Apr 4 Simon Episcopius [Bisschop], Dutch theologist, dies at 60

Person of interestLouis XIII

May 14 Louis XIII, King of France (1610-43), dies at 41

King of France Louis XIII
King of France
Louis XIII
  • Jun 24 John Hampden, English politician, dies of injuries at about 48
  • Jul 25 Robert Pierrepont, 1st Earl of Kingston-upon-Hull, English statesman (b. 1584)
  • Aug 20 Anne Hutchinson, English Puritan preacher, killed in Native American uprising (b. 1591)
  • Sep 15 Richard Boyle, Irish politician, 1st Earl of Cork, dies at 76
  • Sep 16 Lucas Franchoys the Elder, Belgian painter, dies at 69
  • Sep 20 Lucius Cary, 2nd Viscount Falkland, English politician and writer
  • Oct 13 Sweder van Haersolte, mister of Swaluwenborch/diplomat, dies at 61
  • Nov 3 Paul Guldin, Swiss astronomer and mathematician (Guldinus theorem), dies at 66
  • Nov 3 John Bainbridge, English astronomer (b. 1582)
  • Nov 17 Jean-Baptiste Budes, Comte de Guébriant, Marshal of France (b. 1602)
  • Nov 29 William Cartwright, English dramatist (b. 1611)
  • Dec 8 John Pym, English statesman (b. 1583)