On This Day

1645 in History

Events in History

  • Mar 5 Battle of Jankau in Bohemia: Sweden defeats Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand III
  • Apr 2 Robert Devereux resigns as parliament supreme commander
  • Apr 3 English Long Parliament passes the Self-Denying Ordinance, limiting regional armies, significant step toward New Model Army
  • Apr 7 Michael Cardozo becomes 1st Jewish lawyer in Brazil

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Jun 14 Battle of Naseby, Leicestershire: "New Model Army" under Oliver Cromwell & Thomas Fairfax beat royalists forces of English King Charles I

English Military and Political Leader Oliver Cromwell
English Military and Political Leader
Oliver Cromwell
King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I
  • Jul 10 Battle at Langport, Somerset: Oliver Cromwell's New Model Army beats Royalists
  • Jul 13 Aleksei Romanov succeeds his father Michael as Tsar of Russia
  • Aug 3 Battle of Allersheim: French defeat Bavarians
  • Aug 13 Sweden & Denmark sign Peace of Brömsebro
  • Aug 30 Dutch & Indians sign peace treaty (New Amsterdam (NY))
  • Sep 11 Thomas Fairfax's New Model Army occupies Bristol

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 8 First hospital in Montreal, Quebec founded, the Hôtel-Dieu de Montréal by nurse Jeanne Mance

Nurse and Settler of New France Jeanne Mance
Nurse and Settler of New France
Jeanne Mance

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Nov 4 Prince Frederick Henry conquers Hulst

Prince of Orange Frederick Henry
Prince of Orange
Frederick Henry

Birthdays in History

Person of interestWilliam Kidd

Jan 22 William Kidd, Scottish pirate legend, born in Greenock (or Dundee), Scotland (d. 1701) date and place disputed

Pirate Legend William Kidd
Pirate Legend
William Kidd
  • Feb 9 Johann Aegidius Bach, German violistian (d. 1716)
  • Aug 10 Eusebio Kino, Italian Catholic missionary (d. 1711)
  • Aug 16 Jean de La Bruyère, French writer (The Characters, or the Manners of the Age, with The Characters of Theophrastus), born in Paris (d. 1696)
  • Sep 10 Romeyn de Hooghe, Dutch painter and goldsmith, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1708)
  • Sep 21 Louis Jolliet, Canadian explorer (explored the origins of the Mississippi River helped by the Native American), born in Quebec, Canada (d. 1700)
  • Oct 26 Aert de Gelder, Dutch painter (King David), born in Dordrecht, Netherlands (d. 1727)
  • Dec 27 Giovanni Adb Viscardi, Swiss architect, baptized

Deaths in History

  • Jan 10 William Laud, English Archbishop of Canterbury, beheaded, for treason, in the Tower of London at 71
  • Apr 19 Anton van Diemen, gov-gen (Neth East Indies), dies at about 51
  • Jun 13 Miyamoto Musashi, Japanese swordsman
  • Jul 17 Robert Carr, 1st Earl of Somerset, Scottish politician
  • Jul 22 Gaspar de Guzman, premier of Spain (1621-43), dies at 58
  • Jul 23 Michael I, first Russian Tsar of the House of Romanov (1613-45), dies at 49
  • Aug 6 Lionel Cranfield, 1st Earl of Middlesex, English merchant, dies at 70
  • Aug 18 Eudoxia Streshneva, Tsarina of Mikhail I of Russia (b. 1608)
  • Aug 28 Hugo Grotius, Dutch jurist, father of international law, dies at 62
  • Aug 31 Francesco Bracciolini, Italian poet (b. 1566)
  • Sep 2 Alice Lisle, Last woman to be executed by a judicial sentence of beheading in England, beheaded for harboring fugitives after the defeat of the Monmouth Rebellion at around 68
  • Sep 8 Francisco Gómez de Quevedo, Spanish author and poet, dies at 64
  • Sep 8 John Coke, English politician (b. 1563)