On This Day

1646 in History

Events in History

  • Feb 16 Battle of Great Torrington, Devon - the last major battle of the first English Civil War
  • Feb 28 Roger Scott tried in Massachusetts for sleeping in church
  • Mar 6 Joseph Jenkes receives the 1st patent in North America for making scythes from the General Court of Massachusetts

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 27 King Charles I flees Oxford

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I
  • May 5 King Charles I surrenders in Scotland
  • May 30 Spain & Netherlands sign temporary cease fire
  • Jun 25 Thomas Fairfax's New Model Army occupies Oxford
  • Jul 30 English parliament sets king Charles I Newcastle Propositions
  • Oct 28 First Protestant church assembly for American Indians established in Massachusetts
  • Nov 4 Massachusetts uses death penalty for denying that Holy Bible is God's word

Birthdays in History

  • Feb 4 Hans A Freiherr von Abschatz, Silesian poet
  • Feb 17 Pierre Le Pesant, sieur de Boisguilbert, French economist, born in Rouen, France (d. 1714)
  • Feb 23 Tokugawa Tsunayoshi, Japanese shogun (d. 1709)
  • Apr 4 Antoine Galland, French orientalist and archaeologist, born in Rolot, France (d. 1715)
  • Apr 15 Christian V, King of Denmark and Norway, born in Duborg Castle, Flensburg (d. 1699)
  • Apr 15 Pierre Poiret, French mystic, born in Metz, France (d. 1719)
  • Apr 16 Jules Hardouin Mansart, French architect, born in Paris (d. 1708)
  • Apr 20 Charles Plumier, French botanist (Frangipani genus Plumeria is named after him), born in Marseille, France (d. 1704)

Person of interestElena Cornaro Piscopia

Jun 5 Elena Cornaro Piscopia, Italian mathematician and the 1st woman to receive an academic degree from a university, born in Venice, Italy (d. 1684)

Philosopher and Mathematician Elena Cornaro Piscopia
Philosopher and Mathematician
Elena Cornaro Piscopia
  • Jun 21 Maria Francisca of Savoy, Queen consort of Portugal, born in Hôtel de Nemours, Paris, France (d. 1683)

Person of interestGottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

Jul 1 Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, German mathematician and philosopher (differential and integral calculus), born in Leipzig, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1716)

Philosopher and Mathematician Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
Philosopher and Mathematician
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
  • Aug 8 Godfrey Kneller, German-born painter (d. 1723)

Person of interestJohn Flamsteed

Aug 19 John Flamsteed, English astronomer and 1st Astronomer Royal, born in Denby, England (d. 1719)

1st Astronomer Royal John Flamsteed
1st Astronomer Royal
John Flamsteed
  • Sep 9 Zeger Bernhard van Espen, Flemish theologist, born in Leuven, Belgium (d. 1728)
  • Dec 4 Alain Emmanuel de Coëtlogon, Marshal of France, born in Rennes, Brittany, France (d. 1730)
  • Dec 26 Robert Bolling, English settler in Virginia (d. 1709)

Weddings in History

  • Dec 7 Princess Louise Henriette (19) of Nassau marries Frederick Henry Elector of Brandenburg

Deaths in History

  • Jan 6 Elias Hill, German architect of Augsburg, dies at 72
  • Mar 20 Matthew Vossius, historian (Annales Holland Zelandiaeque), dies at 35
  • Apr 10 Santino Solari, Swiss architect and sculptor (b. 1576)
  • Aug 19 Alexander Henderson, Scottish theologian
  • Aug 28 Fulvio Testi, Italian poet (Poesie liriche), dies at 53
  • Sep 14 Robert Devereux, 3rd earl of Essex, dies
  • Sep 14 Thomas H Earl of Arundel, English art collector (Marbles), dies
  • Oct 9 Baltasar Carlos, son of Spanish King Philip IV, dies of smallpox at 16
  • Oct 12 François de Bassompierre, marshal of France, dies at 67
  • Oct 18 Isaac Jogues, French Jesuit missionary (b. 1607)
  • Oct 28 William Dobson, English portrait painter, dies at about 35 (b. 1610)
  • Nov 29 Laurentius Paulinus Gothus, Swedish theologian and astronomer, dies at 81
  • Nov 30 John C Lichthart, admiral (Cape Augustine), dies at about 45
  • Dec 22 Peter Mogila, Orthodox Metropolitan of Kiev and Galicia (b. 1596)
  • Dec 23 François Maynard, French poet (b. 1582)