On This Day

1648 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 20 Cornerstone of Amsterdam townhall laid
  • Jan 24 Lord Baltimore's representative Margaret Brent ejected from the Maryland Council after requesting right to vote
  • Jan 30 Spain & Netherlands sign Peace of Munster, ending the Thirty Years' War
  • Apr 5 Spanish troops and feudal barons strike down people's uprising in Naples
  • Apr 6 Construction of the Red Fort completed at Shahjahanabad, Mughal Empire (now Dehli, India)
  • Apr 12 University of Harderwijk Neth solemn opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 22 English army claims King Charles I responsible for bloodshed

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I
  • Apr 29 Beginning of the 18 day battle of Zhovti Vody in Ukraine - Polish King Casimir eventually defeated by Cossacks
  • May 15 Treaty of Munster ratified by Spain & Netherlands
  • May 16 Battle of Zhovti Vody: Bohdan Chmielricki's cosacks defeat Polish King John Casimir after 18 days of battle
  • May 17 Emperor Ferdinand III defeats Maximilian I of Bavaria
  • Jun 10 Moscow's people uprise against regent Boris Morozov
  • Jun 24 Cossacks slaughter 2,000 Jews and 600 Polish Catholics in Ukraine
  • Jun 30 French premier cardinal Mazarin calls Saint Louis Chamber together
  • Jul 22 10,000 Jews of Polannoe murdered in Chmielnick massacre during Khmelnytsky Uprising
  • Aug 17 -20] Battle at Preston, Lancashire: Henry Ireton beats Scottish
  • Aug 20 Battle of Lens: French Duc d'Enghien defeats Spaniards
  • Aug 26 People's uprising against Anna of Austria & Cardinal Mazarin
  • Sep 11 -13] Battle at Pilawce: Bohdan Chmielricki's beats John Casimir [OS]
  • Sep 21 -23] Battle at Pilawce: Bohdan Chmielricki's beats John Casimir [NS]
  • Oct 4 Peter Stuyvesant establishes America's 1st volunteer fire service
  • Oct 18 1st labor organization forms in North American colonies (Boston Shoemakers)
  • Oct 24 Treaty of Westphalia ends The Thirty Years' War in the Holy Roman Empire; Switzerland's independence recognized
  • Nov 2 12,000 Jews massacred by Chmielnicki hordes in Narol Podlia
  • Nov 11 Dutch & French agree to divide St Maarten, Leeward Islands
  • Nov 26 Pope Innocent X condemns Peace of Westphalia
  • Nov 30 English Parliamentary army captures King Charles I
  • Dec 6 Pride's Purge: Thomas Pride prevents 96 presbyterians from sitting in English parliament

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 1 Elkanah Settle, English writer (d. 1724)
  • Feb 23 Arabella Churchill, English mistress of James II of England (d. 1730)
  • Apr 4 Grinling Gibbons, Dutch-born British sculptor and woodcarver, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1721)
  • Apr 7 Ferdinand van Kessel, Flemish painter
  • Apr 7 John Sheffield, 1st Duke of Buckingham and Normanby, English statesman and poet (d. 1721)
  • Apr 9 Henri de Massue, Marquis de Ruvigny, 1st Viscount Galway, French soldier and diplomat, born in Paris (d. 1720)
  • Apr 13 Jeanne Guyon, French mystic, born in Montargis, Orléanais (d. 1717)
  • Apr 16 John Luyken, Dutch poet and etcher (Duytse Lyre), born in Amsterdam (d. 1712)
  • Apr 26 Pedro II, King of Portugal (1683-1706), born in Ribeira Palace, Lisbon (d. 1706)
  • Nov 27 Petrus Codde, Dutch Roman Catholic apostole vicar (1688-1704), born in Amsterdam (d. 1710)
  • Dec 15 Gregory King, English statistician (Natural & Political Observations), born in Lichfield, England (d. 1712)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 14 Casparus Barleaus, Flemish theologist and poet (Muiderkring), dies at 63
  • Jan 23 Francisco de Rojas Zorrilla, Spanish playwright (Del Rey Abajo Ninguno), dies at 40
  • Feb 2 George Abbot, English writer
  • Feb 28 Christian IV of Denmark, King of Denmark and Norway (1588-1648), dies at 70
  • Mar 12 Tirso de Molina, Spanish Baroque dramatist, poet and Roman Catholic monk (The Trickster of Seville and the Stone Guest), dies at about 63
  • Mar 14 Ferdinando Fairfax, 2nd Lord Fairfax of Cameron, English general, dies at 63
  • Apr 22 Catharina Belgian van Nassau, daughter of Willem, dies at 69
  • May 20 Władysław IV Vasa, King of Poland (1632-48), dies of kidney stones at 52
  • May 23 Luis de Nain, painter, dies
  • May 26 Vincent Voiture, French poet (b. 1597)
  • Jul 4 Antoine Daniel, French Jesuit missionary and martyr, dies at 47
  • Jul 31 Benedictus J van Haeften, poet (Regia thru Crucis), dies at about 60
  • Aug 12 Ibrahim I, 18th Ottoman Sultan (1640-48), dies at 32
  • Aug 20 Edward Herbert of Cherbury, English military/philosopher, dies at 65
  • Sep 1 Marin Mersenne, French mathematician (Number of Mersenne), dies at 59