On This Day

1649 in History

Events in History

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 6 The English Rump Parliament votes to put Charles I on trial for treason and other "high crimes"

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 5 Prince of Wales proclaimed King Charles II of Great Britain by Covenanter Parliament of Scotland

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • Mar 11 The Frondeurs (French rebels) and the French government sign the Peace of Rueil.
  • Apr 21 Maryland Toleration Act passed in the American colony, allowing freedom of worship for Christians but sentencing to death anyone who rejected the divinity of Jesus
  • May 19 England is declared a Commonwealth by an act of the Rump Parliament making England a republic for the next 11 years
  • Jun 1 Russian Tsar Alexis throws English merchants out of Moscow
  • Sep 2 The Italian city of Castro is completely destroyed by the forces of Pope Innocent X, ending the Wars of Castro.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 11 Massacre of Drogheda, Ireland - Oliver Cromwell kills 3,000 royalists

English Military and Political Leader Oliver Cromwell
English Military and Political Leader
Oliver Cromwell
  • Sep 30 Last Swedish troops vacate Prague

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 31 John Wallis, newly appointed Savilian Professorof Geometry at Oxford University, gives his Inaugural lecture

Mathematician and Cryptographer John Wallis
Mathematician and Cryptographer
John Wallis

Birthdays in History

  • Feb 2 Benedict XIII [Pierfrancesco Orsini], Italian 245th pope (1724-30)
  • Feb 8 Gabriel Daniel, French Jesuit historian (d. 1728)
  • Feb 11 William Carstares, Scottish minister (d. 1715)

Person of interestJohn Trenchard

Mar 30 John Trenchard, English radical Whig politician and statesman, born in Lytchett Matravers, Dorset (d. 1695)

English Politician John Trenchard
English Politician
John Trenchard
  • Apr 5 Elihu Yale, English merchant and philanthropist (benefactor of Yale University), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1721)
  • Apr 9 James Scott, Duke of Monmouth, bastard son of English king Charles II, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1685)
  • Jun 13 Adrien Baillet, French scholar and critic, born in Neuville, Picardy, France (d. 1706)
  • Jul 23 Clement XI [Giovanni F Albani], Italian pope (ruled 1700-21), born in Urbino, Papal States (d. 1721)
  • Sep 5 Louise de Kérouaille, Duchess of Portsmouth, French mistress to British King Charles II (d. 1734)
  • Sep 15 Titus Oates, English minister and plotter, born in Oakham, Rutland, England (d. 1705)

Weddings in History

  • Oct 7 Philip IV, King of Spain (44) marries his niece Mariana of Austria (14) in Navalcarnero, Spain

Deaths in History

BattleCharles I

Jan 30 Charles I, King of Great Britain (1625-49), beheaded for treason by Parliament at 48

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I
  • Mar 9 James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Hamilton, Scottish statesman, dies at 42
  • Mar 9 Henry Rich, 1st Earl of Holland, English soldier, executed at 58
  • Mar 16 St. Jean de Brébeuf, French Jesuit missionary (b. 1593)
  • Mar 17 Gerardus Johannis Vossius [Gerrit Vos], Dutch regent, dies at 71
  • Mar 17 Gabriel Lallemant, French Jesuit missionary, one of the Canadian Martyrs (b. 1610)
  • Mar 19 Gerhard Johann Vossius, German classical scholar and theologian (b. 1577)

Person of interestJohn Winthrop

Mar 26 John Winthrop, Puritan & 1st Governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony, dies at 61

Founder of the Massachusetts Bay Colony John Winthrop
Founder of the Massachusetts Bay Colony
John Winthrop
  • May 12 Isaac Doreslaer, English lawyer/diplomat, murdered
  • May 14 Friedrich Spanheim, Dutch theologian (b. 1600)
  • Jun 3 Manuel de Faria e Sousa, Portuguese historian and poet (b. 1590)
  • Jun 20 Maria Tesselschade Roemers Visscher, author, dies
  • Jun 30 Simon Vouet, French painter to the court of Louis XIII, dies at 59
  • Jul 11 Margaret Coventry, 1st English earl of Shaftesbury, dies
  • Jul 29 David Teniers I, Flemish painter (altaar stukken), dies
  • Aug 2 Elisabeth Bas, wife of Dutch Adm Swartenhondt, dies at about 78
  • Aug 25 Richard Crashaw, English clergyman/poet, dies at about 36
  • Sep 6 Famiano Strada, Italian jesuit (bello belgico decades duae), dies at 77
  • Sep 6 Robert Dudley, English navigator and writer (Arcano del Mare), dies at 75
  • Sep 15 John Floyd, English Jesuit preacher (b. 1572)
  • Oct 3 Giovanni Diodati, Swiss Protestant clergyman, dies at 73
  • Oct 16 Isaac van Ostade, Dutch painter, buried at 28
  • Oct 24 Ferdinand van Boisschot, South Neth diplomat, dies at about 89
  • Nov 19 Caspar Schoppe, German scholar and controversialist, dies at 73
  • Dec 4 Outgert Arisz Akersloot, Dutch silversmith, dies at about 73
  • Dec 4 William Drummond of Hawthornden, Scottish poet, dies at 63
  • Dec 7 Charles Garnier, French Jesuit missionary in New France, killed at 43
  • Dec 8 Noël Chabanel, French Jesuit missionary (b. 1613)