On This Day

1650 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 18 French Prince Louis II of Condé captured
  • Apr 20 Dutch East India Company (VOC) management sets new guidelines
  • Apr 27 The Battle of Carbisdale: Royalist army under Marquess of Montrose invades mainland Scotland from Orkney; defeated by a Covenanter army.
  • Apr 30 French rebel Henri de la Tour Turenne signs treaty with Spain
  • Jun 9 The Harvard Corporation, the more powerful of the two administrative boards of Harvard, is established. First legal corporation in the Americas.
  • Jul 30 Prince Willem II occupies Amsterdam
  • Aug 3 Viceroy Willem II and Amsterdam reach accord about standing army

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Sep 3 Battle of Dunbar; Oliver Cromwell's English New Model Army defeats Scottish force in surprise attack

English Military and Political Leader Oliver Cromwell
English Military and Political Leader
Oliver Cromwell
  • Sep 29 2nd Fronde, the Fronde of the Princes uprising ends in France
  • Sep 29 Henry Robinson opens 1st marriage bureau (England)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 21 Johan de Witt installed as Dutch pension advisor of Dordrecht

Statesman and Advisor of Holland Johan de Witt
Statesman and Advisor of Holland
Johan de Witt

Birthdays in History

  • Feb 15 Anne Jules duke de Noailles, marshal of France (Huguenot)
  • Apr 20 William Bedloe, English fraudster and Popish Plot informer, born in Chepstow, Monmouthshire (d. 1680)
  • Apr 27 Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Kassel, queen of Denmark and Norway (1670-99), born in Kassel, Germany (d. 1714)

Person of interestJohn Churchill

May 26 John Churchill, 1st duke of Marlborough, English general strategist, born in Ashe, England (d. 1722)

  • Aug 16 Vincenzo Coronelli, Italian cartographer and encylopedist, born in Venice, Italy (d. 1718)
  • Sep 23 Jeremy Collier, English bishop (d. 1726)
  • Oct 21 Jean Bart, French captain/sea hero (Escape from Plymouth)
  • Nov 7 John Robinson, English diplomat and prelate, born in Cleasby, North Yorkshire (d. 1723)

Person of interestWilliam III

Nov 14 William III, William of Orange, King of England, Scotland and Ireland (1689-1702) and Stadtholder, born in The Hague, Dutch Republic (d. 1702)

King of England William III
King of England
William III
  • Nov 28 Jan Palfijn, Flemish physician and inventor (obstetrical forceps), born in Kortrijk, Flanders (d. 1730)

Deaths in History

  • Feb 8 John Adriaensz, hydraulic engineer (Haarlemmermeer), dies at about 74

Person of interestRené Descartes

Feb 11 René Descartes, French philosopher "I think therefore I am", stops thinking due to pneumonia at 53

Philosopher René Descartes
René Descartes
  • Mar 29 Cornelis Galle I, Flemish engraver, dies at about 73
  • Apr 18 Simonds d'Ewes, English antiquarian, dies at 47
  • May 21 James Graham, Marquis of Montrose "the Great Montrose", Scottish general, hanged at 37
  • Jun 19 Matthäus Merian, Swiss engraver (b. 1593)
  • Jul 18 Christoph Scheiner, German astronomer and physicist, dies at 74
  • Aug 19 Abraham de Verwer, painter, buried at about 55
  • Sep 13 Ferdinand, of Bayern, prince-bishop of Luik/archbishop, dies at 72
  • Oct 21 Pedro de Espinosa, Spanish poet/writer, dies
  • Oct 29 David Calderwood, Scottish historian (b. 1575)
  • Nov 6 William II, Prince of Orange and stadtholder of the United Provinces of the Netherlands, dies at 24
  • Nov 13 Thomas May, English poet and historian (b. 1595)
  • Dec 13 Phineas Fletcher, English poet, dies at 68
  • Dec 31 Dorgon, Chinese emperor (b. 1612)