On This Day

1650 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 18 French Prince Louis II of Condé captured
  • Apr 20 Dutch East India Company (VOC) management sets new guidelines
  • Apr 27 The Battle of Carbisdale: Royalist army under Marquess of Montrose invades mainland Scotland from Orkney; defeated by a Covenanter army.
  • Apr 30 French rebel Henri de la Tour Turenne signs treaty with Spain
  • Jun 9 The Harvard Corporation, the more powerful of the two administrative boards of Harvard, is established. First legal corporation in the Americas.
  • Jul 30 Prince Willem II occupies Amsterdam
  • Aug 3 Viceroy Willem II and Amsterdam reach accord about standing army
  • Sep 3 Battle of Dunbar: England vs Scotland
  • Sep 29 2nd Fronde, the Fronde of the Princes uprising ends in France
  • Sep 29 Henry Robinson opens 1st marriage bureau (England)
  • Dec 21 Johan de Witt installed as Dutch pension advisor of Dordrecht

Birthdays in History

  • Feb 15 Anne Jules duke de Noailles, marshal of France (hugenot)
  • Apr 20 William Bedloe, English fraudster and Popish Plot informer, born in Chepstow, Monmouthshire (d. 1680)
  • Apr 27 Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Kassel, queen of Denmark and Norway (1670-99), born in Kassel, Germany (d. 1714)
  • May 26 John Churchill, 1st duke of Marlborough, English general strategist, born in Ashe, England (d. 1722)
  • Aug 16 Vincenzo Coronelli, Italian cartographer and encylopedist, born in Venice, Italy (d. 1718)
  • Sep 23 Jeremy Collier, English bishop (d. 1726)
  • Oct 21 Jean Bart, French captain/sea hero (Escape from Plymouth)
  • Nov 7 John Robinson, English diplomat and prelate, born in Cleasby, North Yorkshire (d. 1723)
  • Nov 14 William III, William of Orange, King of England (1689-1702) and Stadtholder, born in The Hague (d. 1702)
  • Nov 28 Jan Palfijn, Flemish physician and inventor (obstetrical forceps), born in Kortrijk, Flanders (d. 1730)

Deaths in History

  • Feb 8 John Adriaensz, hydraulic engineer (Haarlemmermeer), dies at about 74

Person of interestRené Descartes

Feb 11 René Descartes, French philosopher "I think therefore I am", stops thinking due to pneumonia at 53

Philosopher René Descartes
René Descartes
  • Mar 29 Cornelis Galle I, Flemish engraver, dies at about 73
  • Apr 18 Simonds d'Ewes, English antiquarian, dies at 47
  • May 21 James Graham, Marquis of Montrose "the Great Montrose", Scottish general, hanged at 37
  • Jun 19 Matthäus Merian, Swiss engraver (b. 1593)
  • Jul 18 Christoph Scheiner, German astronomer and physicist, dies at 74
  • Aug 19 Abraham de Verwer, painter, buried at about 55
  • Sep 13 Ferdinand, of Bayern, prince-bishop of Luik/archbishop, dies at 72
  • Oct 21 Pedro de Espinosa, Spanish poet/writer, dies
  • Oct 29 David Calderwood, Scottish historian (b. 1575)
  • Nov 6 William II, Prince of Orange and stadtholder of the United Provinces of the Netherlands, dies at 24
  • Nov 13 Thomas May, English poet and historian (b. 1595)
  • Dec 13 Phineas Fletcher, English poet, dies at 68
  • Dec 31 Dorgon, Chinese emperor (b. 1612)