On This Day

1651 in History

Events in History

CrownRoyal Coronation

Jan 1 Charles II Stuart crowned king of Scotland

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • Feb 6 -7] Cardinal Mazarin flees Paris
  • Feb 13 Flemish missionary Joris van Geel departs to Congo
  • Mar 5 South Sea dike in Amsterdam breaks after storm
  • Mar 31 Great earthquake at Cuzco, Peru

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 12 The newly completed Fontana dei Quattro Fiumi (Fountain of the Four Rivers) by Gian Lorenzo Bernini is unveiled in Rome

Baroque Sculptor Gian Lorenzo Bernini
Baroque Sculptor
Gian Lorenzo Bernini
  • Jun 28 Battle of Beresteczko between Poles and Ukrainians starts.
  • Jun 30 The Deluge: Khmelnytsky Uprising - the Battle of Beresteczko ends with a Polish victory
  • Jul 24 Anthony Johnson, a free African American, receives grant of 250 acres in Virginia

BattleBattle of Interest

Sep 3 Battle of Worcester: Oliver Cromwell's New Model army destroys English royalist force of mainly Scots in last battle of English Civil War

English Military and Political Leader Oliver Cromwell
English Military and Political Leader
Oliver Cromwell
  • Sep 6 King Charles II of England spends a day hiding in an oak tree during his escape after losing the Battle of Worcester
  • Oct 9 English parliament passes Navigation Act
  • Oct 17 Future King Charles II flees from England
  • Oct 27 English troops occupy Limerick, Ireland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 7 King Louis XIV of France (13) declared of full age

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV
  • Dec 24 Jan van Riebeeck departs for Cape of Good Hope to found 1st permanent European settlement
  • Dec 25 Massachusetts General Court ordered a five shilling fine for "observing any such day as Christmas"

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 13 Henry Booth, 1st Earl of Warrington, English politician (d. 1694)
  • Jan 20 Edward Tyson, British Physician and father of comparative anatomy (The Anatomy of a Pygmy, 1698)
  • Mar 4 John Baron Somers, (Whig), William III's chief minister (1696-1700)
  • Mar 31 Karl II, Elector Palatine (d. 1685)
  • Apr 6 André Dacier, French classical scholar (d. 1722)
  • Apr 10 Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus, German mathematician (Tschirnhaus transformation), born in Kieslingswalde, Margraviate Upper Lusatia, Saxony (d. 1708)
  • Apr 21 Joseph Vaz, Oratorian priest and missionary in Ceylon, born in Benaulim, Goa, Portuguese India (d. 1711)
  • Apr 30 Jean-Baptiste de la Salle, French priest and saint of the Catholic Church, born in Reims, Champagne, Kingdom of France (d. 1719)
  • May 27 Louis-Antoine, Cardinal de Noailles, French bishop and cardinal, born in Auvergne, France (d. 1729)
  • Jul 12 Margaret Theresa of Spain, daughter of Philip IV, wife and niece of Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor (the child in Velázquez Las Meninas, born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1673)
  • Aug 6 François Fénelon, French Roman Catholic theologian and writer (Playing for Time), born in Sainte-Mondane, France (d. 1715)
  • Sep 1 Nataliya Kyrillovna Naryshkina, Tsaritsa of Russia (d. 1694)
  • Sep 16 Engelbert Kaempfer, German physician and traveler, born in Lemgo, Lippe, Germany (d. 1716)
  • Nov 12 Juana Ines de La Cruz, Mexican poet/nun/feminist (Primero Sueno)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 13 Abraham C Bloemaert, painter/cartoonist/engraver, dies at 86
  • Apr 7 Lennart Torstenson, Swedish soldier and engineer (b. 1603)
  • Aug 27 Jacob A Backer, painter, dies at about 43
  • Sep 27 Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria, dies at 78
  • Oct 7 Jacques Sirmond, French scholar and Jesuit, dies at 92
  • Oct 8 Isaac Elsevier, book publisher, dies at 55
  • Oct 10 Philippus Rovenius [Rouveen], apostole, dies at 77
  • Oct 27 Jan III van Foreest, Dutch lawyer, poet and mayor of Hoorn, dies at 65
  • Nov 20 Mikołaj Potocki, Polish soldier who fought Cossack rebellions, dies at about 56
  • Nov 26 Henry Ireton, English general and parliament leader (Marston Moor), dies at 40
  • Dec 6 Anna Roemers Visscher, Dutch poetess, dies at 68
  • Dec 14 Pierre Dupuy, French historian & scholar, dies at 69
  • Dec 18 Francisco the Melo, Portuguese/Spanish earl of Assumar, dies at 54