On This Day

1652 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 24 Duke of Orleans joins Fronde rebels

Historic DiscoveryCape Colony Founded

Apr 6 Cape Colony, the 1st European settlement in South Africa, established by Dutch East India Company under Jan van Riebeeck
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Jan van Riebeeck arrives in Table Bay
Jan van Riebeeck arrives in Table Bay
  • Apr 7 Dutch establish settlement at Cape Town, South Africa
  • May 4 Battle of Etampes: French army under Turenne beats Fronde rebels
  • May 10 John Johnson, a free African American, is granted 550 acres in Northampton, Virginia
  • May 13 Ingen Ryuki invited to become the abbot of Sofokuji temple in Nagasaki
  • May 18 Rhode Island enacts 1st law declaring slavery illegal
  • May 19 Spanish troops occupy Grevelingen
  • May 29 Battle of Goodwin Sands, off Folkestone, Kent: English 'General at Sea' Robert Blake drives out Dutch fleet under Lieutenant Admiral Maarten Tromp
  • Jun 10 In Boston, John Hull opens the 1st mint in America
  • Jun 27 New Amsterdam (now New York City) enacts first speed limit law in North America
  • Jul 4 Prince of Condé starts blood bath in Paris
  • Jul 6 Fire on Dutch Dam (Amsterdam's city hall burns)
  • Jul 10 England declares war on The Netherlands - beginning of the 1st Anglo-Dutch war
  • Jul 25 Nikita Minin becomes patriarch of Russian Orthodox Church
  • Aug 26 Battle of Plymouth: General-at-Sea George Ayscue of the Commonwealth of England attacked a convoy of the Dutch Republic commanded by Vice-Commodore Michiel de Ruyter. Dutch victory
  • Sep 7 Battle of Monte Christo: Dutch fleet under J van Galen beat English
  • Sep 16 Spanish troops occupy Dunkirk
  • Sep 28 English-Dutch sea battle at Kentish Knock
  • Oct 13 Prince of Condé flees Paris
  • Oct 21 King Louis XIV returns to Paris
  • Dec 10 Sea battle at Dungeness: lt-admiral Maarten Tromp beats English fleet

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 7 Pavao Vitezovic, Croatia, writer/historian
  • Mar 3 Thomas Otway, England, playwright/poet (Venice Preserved)
  • Mar 28 Samuel Sewall, English-American judge and businessman, born in Bishopstoke, Hampshire, England (d. 1730)
  • Apr 7 Clement XII [Lorenzo Corsini], Italian Pope (1730-40) who despite ill health and total blindness (1732) unsuccessfully stemmed decline of papal influence, born in Florence (d. 1740)
  • Apr 21 Michel Rolle, French mathematician (Rolle's theorem), born in Ambert, Basse-Auvergne (d. 1719)
  • May 27 Elisabeth Charlotte "Liselotte", German-French duchess of Orleans, born in Heidelberg Castle, Heidelberg, Electoral Palatinate, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1722)

Person of interestWilliam Dampier

Jun 8 William Dampier, English explorer and pirate who was the 1st Englishman to explore parts of Australia and the 1st person to circumnavigate the world 3 times, born in East Coker, Sommerset, England (d. 1715)

Explorer and Pirate William Dampier
Explorer and Pirate
William Dampier
  • Jul 2 Guillielmus "Willem" Kerricx, Flemish sculptor (Rozenkrans), born in Dendermonde, East Flanders (d. 1719)
  • Aug 10 Peterus I Scheemaeckers, Flemish sculptor (tomb stones)
  • Dec 9 Augustus Quirinus Rivinus, German physician and botanist, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1723)
  • Dec 25 Archibald Pitcairne, Scottish physician (d. 1713)

Weddings in History

  • May 2 Daughter of the Prince of Orange, Albertine Agnes marries William Frederick Prince of Nassau-Dietz

Deaths in History

  • Mar 21 Vredius [Olivier de Wree], Flemish historian and mayor of Brugge, dies at 55
  • Apr 15 Patriarch Joseph of Moscow, sixth Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia
  • Jun 19 Louis de Geer, Neth/Swedish industrialist/millionaire, dies at 64
  • Jun 21 Inigo Jones, English architect (b. 1573)
  • Jun 24 Andries Bicker, merchant/Amsterdam regent, dies at 65
  • Jul 30 John Cloppenburg, vicar/theologist, dies at 68
  • Jul 30 Charles Amédée de Savoie, 6th Duc de Nemours, French soldier (b. 1624)
  • Aug 9 John Both, landscape painter/etcher, dies at about 37
  • Aug 14 Abraham Elsevier, Dutch book publisher, dies at 60
  • Aug 18 Benjamin G Cuyp, historical painter, dies at about 40
  • Aug 22 Jacob De la Gardie, Swedish soldier and statesman (1st Governor-General of Swedish Livonia), dies at 69
  • Aug 23 John Byron, 1st Baron Byron, English royalist politician (b. 1600)
  • Sep 17 Bonaventura Elsevier, book publisher/merchant, dies at about 69
  • Sep 28 Jan Asselijn, Dutch landscape painter and etcher, dies at about 42
  • Oct 8 John Greaves, English mathematician (b. 1602)
  • Oct 13 Abraham Verhoeven, Flemish printer/newspaper publisher, dies
  • Oct 20 Antonio Coello, Spanish writer (b. 1611)
  • Oct 27 Henry, count of Nassau-Siegen, colonel/gov of Hulst, dies
  • Nov 4 Jean-Charles de la Faille, Flemish mathematician (b. 1597)
  • Nov 21 Jan Brożek, Polish mathematician, physician, and astronomer, dies at 67
  • Dec 8 Adriaan W "Joris" van Geel, Flemish missionary, murdered at 35
  • Dec 23 John Cotton, Puritan clergyman in Mass Bay colony, dies at 68
  • Dec 31 Frances Cecil, 2nd wife of English earl of Shaftesbury, dies