On This Day

1654 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 7 Fire after heavy storm destroys two thirds of De Rijp Netherlands, 1 person dies
  • Jan 26 Portuguese troops conquer last Dutch base on Recife
  • Apr 12 Ordinance of Union between England and Scotland passed by the Council of State
  • Apr 15 England & Netherlands sign peace treaty
  • Apr 21 England & Sweden sign trade agreement
  • Apr 26 Jews are expelled from Brazil
  • May 3 Bridge at Rowley, Massachusetts begins charging tolls for animals
  • May 13 Venetian fleet under Adm Adeler beats Turkish
  • Jun 6 Queen Christina of Sweden resigns and converts to Catholicism

CrownRoyal Coronation

Jun 7 Louis XIV crowned King of France

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV
  • Jul 20 Anglo-Portuguese treaty, Portugal comes under English control
  • Aug 5 French troops occupy Stenay
  • Aug 22 Jacob Barsimson arrives in New Amsterdam (modern day Manhattan) aboard the Peartree, one of the first Jewish colonists
  • Aug 25 Battle of Arras: Louis de Bourbon, Prince of Condé, failed to take Arras and withdrew to Cambrai.
  • Sep 16 Russian troops occupy Smolensk on Poland
  • Sep 25 England & Denmark sign trade agreement
  • Oct 12 The Delft Explosion (gunpowder) devastates the city in the Netherlands, killing more than 100
  • Oct 15 Prince Willem III appointed viceroy of Overijssel
  • Nov 21 Richard Johnson, a free black, granted 550 acres in Virginia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 23 French mathematician, scientist, and religious philosopher Blaise Pascal experiences an intense, mystical vision that marks him for life.

Mathematician, Physicist and Philosopher Blaise Pascal
Mathematician, Physicist and Philosopher
Blaise Pascal

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 10 Joshua Barnes, English scholar, born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1712)
  • Jan 20 Michiel de Swaen, South Netherland physician/poet
  • Jan 22 Richard Blackmore, English physician and writer (d. 1729)
  • Mar 16 Andreas Acoluthus, German orientalist (d. 1704)
  • May 4 Kangxi Emperor of China, 4th Emperor of the Qing Dynasty, born in Jingren Palace, Forbidden City, Beijing, Qing dynasty, China (d. 1722)
  • May 11 Cornelis van Alkemade, Dutch historian
  • Jul 9 Emperor Reigen, 112th Emperor of Japan, born in Kyoto, Japan (d. 1732)
  • Jul 31 Jacob Hop, Dutch politician and diplomat
  • Aug 10 Bernard Nieuwentyt, Dutch physician/theologist
  • Dec 27 Jacob Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician known for his contributions to calculus, born in Basel, Switzerland (d. 1705)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 10 Nicholas Culpeper, English botanist, herbalist, physician, and astrologer (b. 1616)
  • Jan 17 Paul Potter, Dutch painter, buried
  • Feb 18 Jean-Louis Guez de Balzac, French writer (b. 1594)
  • Apr 9 Matei Basarab, Prince of Wallachia (b. 1588)
  • May 3 François de Kinschot, Dutch jurist and chancellor of Brabant, dies at 77
  • Jun 10 Alessandro Algardi, Italian sculptor and architect, dies at 58
  • Jun 27 Johann V Andreae, German vicar/writer (Christenburg), dies at 67
  • Jul 9 Ferdinand IV, King of the Romans, Bohemia and Hungary, dies of smallpox at 20
  • Aug 12 Cornelis Haga, ambassador to Constantinople (1611-39), dies at 76
  • Aug 19 Yom Tov Lipmann Heller, rabbi/author (Tosefot Yom Tov), dies
  • Aug 28 Axel Gustafson Oxenstierna, Swedish earl/chancellor/regent, dies at 71
  • Aug 31 Ole Worm, Danish physician, dies at 66
  • Sep 8 Peter Claver, Spanish saint (baptized 300,000 slaves), dies
  • Sep 15 Cornelis Bicker, merchant/mayor of Amsterdam, dies at 61
  • Oct 12 Rembrandt Carel Fabritius, painter, is injured in the Delft Explosion and later dies of his injuries
  • Oct 30 Emperor Go-Kōmyō, 110th emperor of Japan, dies at 21
  • Nov 30 John Selden, English jurist and oriental scholar, dies at 69
  • Dec 5 Jean François Sarrazin, French writer