On This Day

1655 in History

Events in History

  • Mar 25 Christiaan Huygens discovers Titan (Saturn's largest satellite)
  • Apr 4 Battle at Postage Farina, Tunis: English fleet beats Barbary pirates
  • Apr 4 The miraculous statue entitled the Infant of Prague is solemnly crowned by command of Cardinal Harrach
  • Apr 7 Fabio Chigi replaces Pope Innocent X as Alexander VII
  • Apr 26 Dutch West Indies Co denies Peter Stuyvesant's desire to exclude Jews from New Amsterdam
  • Apr 28 English General-at-Sea Robert Blake (he was never titled Admiral) beats North African pirate fleet
  • May 10 Jamaica captured by the English
  • Jul 27 Jews of New Amsterdam petition for a Jewish cemetery
  • Jul 27 Netherlands and Brandenburg sign military treaty
  • Jul 29 Biggest townhall in the world opens in Amsterdam
  • Jul 30 Dutch troops occupy Fort Assahudi Seram
  • Jul 31 Russo-Polish War (1654-1667): the Russian army enters the capital of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Vilnius, which it holds for six years

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 9 Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell divides England into 11 districts

English Military and Political Leader Oliver Cromwell
English Military and Political Leader
Oliver Cromwell
  • Aug 28 New Amsterdam & Peter Stuyvesant bars Jews from military service
  • Aug 29 Warsaw falls without resistance to a small force under the command of Charles X Gustav of Sweden during The Deluge.
  • Sep 26 Peter Stuyvesant recaptures Dutch Ft Casimir from Swedish in Delaware
  • Oct 9 Swedish king Karel X Gustaaf occupies Krakow
  • Oct 15 Jews of Lublin are massacred
  • Nov 3 England & France sign military & economic treaties
  • Nov 24 English Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell bans Anglicans
  • Dec 4 Middelburg, Netherlands forbids building of synagogue

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 1 Christian Thomasius, German jurist (d. 1728)
  • Jan 6 Eleonore-Magdalena of Neuburg, Holy Roman Empire Empress, born in Düsseldorf, Germany (d. 1720)
  • Jan 6 Jakob Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician, born in Basel, Switzerland (d. 1705)
  • Jan 22 Geleyn Evertsen, lt-admiral (Zealand)
  • Feb 3 Francois Fagel, Dutch fieldmarshal, baptized
  • Apr 8 Louis Willem I, Margrave of Baden-Baden, born in Paris (d. 1707)
  • May 13 Innocent XIII [Michelangiolo dei Conti], Italian 244th Pope (1721-24)
  • Jun 26 Jean Deutz, merchant and Amsterdam regent, born in Amsterdam (d. 1719)
  • Sep 19 Jan Luyts, Dutch physicist and mathematician, born in Hoorn, Netherlands (d. 1721)
  • Nov 24 Charles XI, King of Sweden (1660-97)
  • Dec 28 Charles Cornwallis, 3rd Baron Cornwallis, First Lord of the British Admiralty (d. 1698)

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

Feb 16 Dutch Grand Pensionary advisor Johan de Witt marries Wendela Bicker

Statesman and Advisor of Holland Johan de Witt
Statesman and Advisor of Holland
Johan de Witt

Deaths in History

  • Jan 7 Pope Innocent X (Giambattista Pamfili), Reigned 1644-55, dies at 80
  • Feb 25 Daniel Heinsius, Flemish scholar (b. 1580)
  • Mar 29 Valerius Andreas, Flemish historian, dies at 66
  • Apr 6 David Blondel, French Protestant clergyman (b. 1591)
  • Apr 30 Eustache Le Sueur, French painter (paintings of religious subjects), dies at 37
  • Jun 30 Jacob Boonen, South Netherlands clergyman and lawyer, dies at 81
  • Jul 15 Girolamo Rainaldi, Italian architect (b. 1570)
  • Jul 28 Cyrano de Bergerac, French dramatist/novelist, dies at 36 in Paris
  • Jul 28 Suzuki Shosan, Samurai/monk/propagator of Zen Buddhism, dies at 76
  • Aug 2 Alfonso de la Cueva, Spanish marquis of Bedmar and diplomat, dies at 83
  • Aug 10 Louis de Vadder, Flemish painter, dies at 50
  • Sep 3 Johan Wolfert van Brederode, Dutch governor (Hertogenbosch) and field marshal, dies at 56
  • Sep 7 Tristan l'Hermite, French dramatist/poet, dies (birth date unknown)
  • Oct 24 Pierre Gassendi, French philosopher, dies at 63