On This Day

1655 in History

Events in History

  • Mar 25 Christiaan Huygens discovers Titan (Saturn's largest satellite)
  • Apr 4 Battle at Postage Farina, Tunis: English fleet beats Barbary pirates
  • Apr 4 The miraculous statue entitled the Infant of Prague is solemnly crowned by command of Cardinal Harrach
  • Apr 7 Fabio Chigi replaces Pope Innocent X as Alexander VII
  • Apr 26 Dutch West Indies Co denies Peter Stuyvesant's desire to exclude Jews from New Amsterdam
  • Apr 28 English General-at-Sea Robert Blake (he was never titled Admiral) beats North African pirate fleet
  • May 10 Jamaica captured by the English
  • Jul 27 Jews of New Amsterdam petition for a Jewish cemetery
  • Jul 27 Netherlands and Brandenburg sign military treaty
  • Jul 29 Biggest townhall in the world opens in Amsterdam
  • Jul 30 Dutch troops occupy Fort Assahudi Seram
  • Jul 31 Russo-Polish War (1654-1667): the Russian army enters the capital of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Vilnius, which it holds for six years

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 9 Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell divides England into 11 districts

English Military and Political Leader Oliver Cromwell
English Military and Political Leader
Oliver Cromwell
  • Aug 28 New Amsterdam & Peter Stuyvesant bars Jews from military service
  • Aug 29 Warsaw falls without resistance to a small force under the command of Charles X Gustav of Sweden during The Deluge.
  • Sep 26 Peter Stuyvesant recaptures Dutch Ft Casimir from Swedish in Delaware
  • Oct 9 Swedish king Karel X Gustaaf occupies Krakow
  • Oct 15 Jews of Lublin are massacred
  • Nov 3 England & France sign military & economic treaties
  • Nov 24 English Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell bans Anglicans
  • Dec 4 Middelburg, Netherlands forbids building of synagogue

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 1 Christian Thomasius, German jurist (d. 1728)
  • Jan 6 Eleonore-Magdalena of Neuburg, Holy Roman Empire Empress, born in Düsseldorf, Germany (d. 1720)
  • Jan 6 Jakob Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician, born in Basel, Switzerland (d. 1705)
  • Jan 22 Geleyn Evertsen, lt-admiral (Zealand)
  • Feb 3 Francois Fagel, Dutch fieldmarshal, baptized
  • Apr 8 Louis Willem I, Margrave of Baden-Baden, born in Paris (d. 1707)
  • May 13 Innocent XIII, [Michelangiolo dei Conti], Italian 244th Pope (1721-24)
  • Jun 26 Jean Deutz, merchant and Amsterdam regent, born in Amsterdam (d. 1719)
  • Sep 19 Jan Luyts, Dutch physicist and mathematician, born in Hoorn, Netherlands (d. 1721)
  • Nov 24 Charles XI, King of Sweden (1660-97)
  • Dec 28 Charles Cornwallis, 3rd Baron Cornwallis, First Lord of the British Admiralty (d. 1698)

Weddings in History

  • Feb 16 Dutch Grand Pensionary advisor Johan de Witt marries Wendela Bicker

Deaths in History

  • Jan 7 Pope Innocent X (Giambattista Pamfili), Reigned 1644-55, dies at 80
  • Feb 25 Daniel Heinsius, Flemish scholar (b. 1580)
  • Mar 29 Valerius Andreas, Flemish historian, dies at 66
  • Apr 6 David Blondel, French Protestant clergyman (b. 1591)
  • Apr 30 Eustache Le Sueur, French painter (paintings of religious subjects), dies at 37
  • Jun 30 Jacob Boonen, South Netherlands clergyman and lawyer, dies at 81
  • Jul 15 Girolamo Rainaldi, Italian architect (b. 1570)
  • Jul 28 Cyrano de Bergerac, French dramatist/novelist, dies at 36 in Paris
  • Jul 28 Suzuki Shosan, Samurai/monk/propagator of Zen Buddhism, dies at 76
  • Aug 2 Alfonso de la Cueva, Spanish marquis of Bedmar/diplomat, dies at 83
  • Aug 10 Louis de Vadder, Flemish painter, dies at 50
  • Sep 3 Johan Wolfert van Brederode, Dutch governor (Hertogenbosch) and field marshal, dies at 56
  • Sep 7 Tristan l'Hermite, French dramatist/poet, dies (birth date unknown)
  • Oct 24 Pierre Gassendi, French philosopher, dies at 63