On This Day

1656 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 8 Oldest surviving commercial newspaper begins (Haarlem, Netherlands)
  • Jan 17 Brandenburg & Sweden sign Treaty of Königsberg

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Jan 23 French philosopher and theologian Blaise Pascal publishes the first of his Lettres provinciales

Mathematician, Physicist and Philosopher Blaise Pascal
Mathematician, Physicist and Philosopher
Blaise Pascal
  • Jan 24 1st Jewish doctor in North American colonies, Jacob Lumbrozo, arrives in Maryland
  • Feb 22 New Amsterdam granted a Jewish burial site
  • Mar 13 Jews are denied the right to build a synagogue in New Amsterdam
  • Apr 10 Dutch fleet occupiers Colombo Ceylon
  • Jun 20 Polish King Jan II Casimir recaptures Warsaw
  • Jul 11 The first Quakers to land in America (Boston), Englishwomen Ann Austin and Mary Fisher, are arrested and jailed by the Puritan colonial government. After 5 years imprisonment they are deported back to Barbados
  • Jul 18 -20] Battle at Warsaw: Swedish King Charles X Gustav beats John II Casimir and occupies Warsaw

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 26 Dutch painter Rembrandt van Rijn declares he is insolvent

  • Sep 15 England & France sign peace treaty
  • Sep 19 Treaty of Labiau: Sweden gives Prussia, Brandenburg
  • Sep 22 All female jury hears case of Judith Catchpole, accused of killing her child (acquit her) in Patuxent County, Maryland
  • Oct 2 English North American colony of Connecticut passes law against Quakers
  • Oct 24 Treaty of Vilnius: Russia & Poland sign anti-Swedish covenant
  • Nov 3 Treaty of Vilnius: Russia & Poland sign anti-Swedish covenant [NS]
  • Dec 1 Germany promises Poland aid against Sweden
  • Dec 14 Artificial pearls 1st manufactured by M Jacquin in Paris made of gypsum pellets covered with fish scales

Birthdays in History

  • Mar 10 Adolf H van Rechteren, Dutch diplomat/politician
  • Apr 10 René Lepage de Ste-Claire, lord-founder of the town of Rimouski, in New France, born in Ouanne, Burgundy, France (d. 1718)
  • Jun 5 Joseph Pitton de Tournefort, French botanist, born in Aix-en-Provence, France (d. 1708)
  • Jul 7 Guru Har Krishan, 8th Guru of Sikhism (d. 1664)
  • Aug 6 Claude de Forbin, French naval commander, born in Gardanne, France (d. 1733)
  • Sep 6 Guillaume Dubois, French cardinal and statesman, born in Brive-la-Gaillarde, France (d. 1723)
  • Sep 14 Thomas Baker, English antiquarian, born in Lanchester, Durham (d. 1746)
  • Oct 20 Nicolas de Largillière, French painter (d. 1746)

Person of interestEdmond Halley

Nov 8 Edmond Halley, English mathematician and astronomer (Halley's comet), born in Haggerston, Middlesex (d. 1742) [OS 29 Oct]

Astronomer, Mathematician and Physicist Edmond Halley
Astronomer, Mathematician and Physicist
Edmond Halley
  • Nov 9 Paul Aler, French jesuit and poet (Gradus ad Parnassum), born in Luxembourg (d. 1727)

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

Nov 12 English Poet and author of epic "Paradise Lost" John Milton (47) marries 2nd wife Katherine Woodcock

Deaths in History

  • Jan 3 Mathieu Molé, French statesman (b. 1584)
  • Feb 27 Johan van Heemskerk, Dutch lawyer/writer/interpreter, dies
  • Mar 21 Armagh James Ussher, Irish Archbishop of Armagh (claimed world began 4004 BC), dies at 76
  • Apr 24 Thomas Fincke, Danish mathematician and physicist (b. 1561)
  • Apr 27 Gerard van Honthorst, Dutch painter, dies at 65
  • Apr 27 Jan van Goyen, Dutch landscape painter, dies at 60
  • Jul 2 François-Marie, comte de Broglie, Italian-born French commander, dies at 44
  • Jul 8 Alexander van der Capellen, mister of Aartsbergen, dies at about 64
  • Jul 27 Salomo Glassius, German theologian (b. 1593)
  • Aug 11 Prince Octavio Piccolomini, Duke of Amalfi, Austrian field marshal (b. 1599)
  • Aug 11 Ottavio Piccolomini, Italian nobleman and marshal, dies at 56
  • Sep 8 Joseph Hall, English bishop and writer (Virgidemiarum: Six Books), dies at 82

Person of interestMyles Standish

Oct 3 Myles Standish, Plymouth Colony leader, dies of strangury at 72

Military Leader of Plymouth Colony Myles Standish
Military Leader of Plymouth Colony
Myles Standish
  • Oct 8 Johann Georg I, ruler of Saxon (1611-56, Peace of Prague), dies at 71
  • Nov 6 Johan IV, Duke of Braganca, King of Portugal (1640-56), dies at 52
  • Nov 6 Jean-Baptiste Morin, French scientist (b. 1583)