On This Day

1657 in History

Events in History

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 4 Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland, grants residency to Luis Caravajal

English Military and Political Leader Oliver Cromwell
English Military and Political Leader
Oliver Cromwell
  • Mar 23 France & England form alliance against Spain; England gets Dunkirk
  • Mar 31 English Parliament makes the Humble Petition to Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell offering him the crown: he declines
  • Apr 3 English Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell refuses crown
  • Apr 20 Battle in Santa Cruz Bay, Tenerife: English fleet under Robert Blake sinks Spanish silver fleet
  • Jun 1 1st Quakers arrives in New Amsterdam (NY)
  • Jul 13 Oliver Cromwell constrains English army leader John Lambert
  • Sep 19 Brandenburg & Poland sign Treaty of Wehlau
  • Sep 24 1st autopsy and coroner's jury verdict is recorded in Maryland
  • Oct 1 Treaty of Raalte: Willem II no longer viceroy of Overijssel
  • Oct 3 French troops occupy Mardyke
  • Nov 6 Brandenburg & Poland sign unity of Bromberg

Historic PublicationFlushing Remonstrance

Dec 27 "Flushing Remonstrance" petition signed in the Dutch colony of New Netherland, protesting the ban on Quaker worship

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An official copy of the original remonstrance
An official copy of the original remonstrance
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Birthdays in History

  • Jan 17 Pieter van Bloemen [Standaart], Flemish painter, baptized
  • Jan 18 Hendrik Casimir II, Dutch Prince of Nassau-Dietz and Stadtholder of Friesland and Groningen (1664-96), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1696)
  • Feb 11 Bernard Fontenelle, French scientist/writer (Plurality of Worlds)
  • Mar 1 Samuel Werenfels, Swiss theologian (d. 1740)
  • Mar 24 Arai Hakuseki, Japanese writer and politician (d. 1725)
  • Jun 10 James Cragg the Elder, British politician (d. 1721)
  • Jun 14 Cornelis Cruys [Niels Olsen Creutz], Norwegian Dutch admiral, commanded the Russian Baltic fleet, born in Stravanger, Denmark-Norway (d. 1727)
  • Jul 11 Frederick I, King of Prussia (1701-13), born in Königsberg, Prussia (d. 1713)
  • Aug 10 Cornelis Chastelein, Dutch colonial director
  • Aug 18 Ferdinando Galli Bibiena, Italian architect and designer, born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1743)
  • Sep 27 Sophia Alekseyevna, Regent of Russia (1682-89), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1704)
  • Oct 4 Francesco Solimena, Italian painter, born in Canale di Serino, Avellino, Italy (d. 1747)
  • Nov 11 Guido Starhemberg, Austrian earl and fieldmarshal (Turkish Wars), born in Graz, Austria (d. 1737)
  • Nov 26 William Derham, English clergyman, natural theologian and scientist, born in Stoulton, Worcestershire (d. 1735)

Deaths in History

  • Feb 10 Sebastian Stosskopf, Elizabethan painter, dies at 59
  • Apr 2 Ferdinand III, King of Hungary & Bohemia and Holy Roman Emperor (1637-57), dies at 48
  • Apr 2 Jean-Jacques Olier - French catholic priest, founder of the Society of Saint-Sulpice (b. 1608)

Person of interestWilliam Bradford

May 9 William Bradford, American governor (Plymouth Colony, Mass), dies at 57

First Governor of Plymouth Colony William Bradford
First Governor of Plymouth Colony
William Bradford
  • May 10 Gustaf Horn, Swedish soldier and politician, dies at 65
  • May 16 Andrzej Bobola, Polish Jesuit missionary (b. 1591)
  • Jun 3 William Harvey, English physician (discovered blood circulation), dies at 79
  • Aug 6 Bohdan Khmelnytsky, Polish-Lithuanian noble
  • Aug 7 Robert Blake, English admiral (Dover, Dungeness), dies at about 57
  • Aug 19 Frans Snyders, Flemish painter of animals, dies at 77
  • Aug 29 John Lilburne, English dissenter
  • Sep 7 Arvid Wittenberg, Swedish count, field marshal and privy councilor (b. 1606)
  • Sep 13 Jacob van Campen, painter/architect (Amsterdam Townhall), dies at 62
  • Sep 26 Hadji Chalfa/Katib Tsjelebi, Turkish geographer, dies at 48
  • Sep 28 Emilia Secunda Antwerpiana, 6th and youngest daughter of Willem of Orange, dies at 75