On This Day

1659 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 14 Battle at Elvas: Portuguese beat Spanish
  • Jan 24 Pierre Corneille's "Oedipe" premieres in Paris
  • Feb 11 The assault on Copenhagen by Swedish forces is beaten back with heavy losses
  • Feb 16 1st known cheque written (£400), now on display at Westminster Abbey
  • Apr 22 Lord Protector Richard Cromwell disbands English parliament
  • May 25 Richard Cromwell resigns as Lord Protector of England, earning the nickname "Tumbledown Dick" as a result of his abrupt fall from power
  • May 31 Netherlands, England and France sign Treaty of The Hague
  • Jun 29 The Russians, led by Prince Trubetskoy are defeated by the Ukrainian armies of Ivan Vyhovsky in the Battle of Konotop.
  • Aug 10 Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb has his brother and competitor for the throne Dara Shukoh executed on religious grounds
  • Sep 30 Robinson Crusoe is shipwrecked (according to Daniel Defoe)
  • Oct 12 English "Rump" Parliament dismisses John Lambert and other Parliamentary generals
  • Oct 13 Major general John Lambert drives out English Rump government

AgreementTreaty of Interest

Nov 7 The Treaty of the Pyrenees signed by representatives of French King Louis XIV & Spanish king Philip IV

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV
  • Nov 17 Peace of the Pyrenees is signed between France and Spain
  • Nov 25 Michiel de Ruyter conquers Danish city Nyborg
  • Dec 8 Mexican border town Ciudad Juárez is founded by Fray García de San Francisco.
  • Dec 16 General Monck demands free parliamentary election in Scotland
  • Dec 26 Long Parliament reforms in Westminster

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 21 Adriaen van der Werff, Dutch portrait painter/engraver/architect
  • Feb 1 Jacob Roggeveen, Dutch navigator and explorer (Easter Island), born in Middleburg, Netherlands (d. 1729)
  • Mar 8 Isaac de Beausobre, French Protestant pastor, born in Niort, France (d. 1738)
  • May 16 Campegius Vitringa, Dutch theologist
  • Jun 3 David Gregory, Scottish astronomer (d. 1708)
  • Jun 12 Yamamoto Tsunetomo, Japanese samurai (d. 1719)
  • Jul 20 Hyacinthe Rigaud, French painter, born in Perpignan, France (d. 1743)
  • Jul 23 Antonius Schultingh [Schultingius], Dutch lawyer, born in Nijmegen, Netherlands (d. 1734)
  • Jul 28 Charles Ancillon, French Huguenot pastor (d. 1715)
  • Dec 12 Francesco Galli-Bibiena, Italian architect and designer, born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1739)
  • Dec 20 Francois Fagel, Dutch lawyer & statesman, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1746)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 16 Charles Annibal Fabrot, French lawyer, dies at 78
  • Feb 17 Abel Servien, French diplomat (b. 1593)
  • Feb 27 Henry Dunster, American clergyman and first President of Harvard College, dies at 49
  • Apr 15 Simon Dach, Prussian-German poet, dies at 63
  • Jun 3 Morgan Llwyd, Welsh Puritan preacher and writer (b. 1619)
  • Sep 5 Pieter de Carpentier, Flemish gov-gen of Neth East-Indies, dies at 71
  • Oct 8 Jean de Quen, French Jesuit missionary

Person of interestAbel Tasman

Oct 10 Abel Tasman, Dutch seafarer and explorer (1st European to sight Tasmania, New Zealand and Fiji), dies around the age of 55

Explorer and Seafarer Abel Tasman
Explorer and Seafarer
Abel Tasman
  • Oct 31 John Bradshaw, English judge (b. 1602)