On This Day

1660 in History

Events in History

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 1 1st entry in English civil servant Samuel Pepys' diary

Diarist Samuel Pepys
Samuel Pepys
  • Jan 1 General Moncks army battles with the Tweed on way to London
  • Jan 1 Thomas Fairfax's New Model Army occupies York
  • Jan 1 Academia de Bellas Artes is founded in Seville with painter Bartolomé Esteban Murillo its first president
  • Feb 3 General Monck's army reaches London
  • Feb 23 Charles XI becomes king of Sweden
  • Mar 16 English Long Parliament disbands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 4 English King Charles II sends Declaration of Breda (freedom of religion)

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • Apr 23 Treaty of Oliwa is established between Sweden and Poland
  • Apr 25 English Convention Parliament meets and votes to restore Charles II
  • May 3 Sweden, Poland, Brandenburg & Austria sign Peace of Oliva
  • May 7 Isaack B Fubine of Savoy, in The Hague, patents macaroni
  • May 8 English parliament declares Charles Stuart to be King Charles II of England
  • May 23 King Charles II returns from exile sails from Scheveningen to England
  • May 24 English king Charles II visits Netherlands
  • May 25 King Charles II of England lands in Dover
  • May 27 Denmark & Sweden sign The Treaty Of Copenhagen, ends Second Northern War
  • May 29 On his 30th birthday Charles II returns to London from exile in the Netherlands to claim the English throne after the Puritan Commonwealth comes to an end
  • Jun 1 Mary Dyer is hanged for defying a law banning Quakers from the Massachusetts Bay Colony
  • Oct 13 Absolute monarchy instituted by decree in Denmark by King Frederik III
  • Oct 15 Asser Levy granted butcher's license (kosher meat) in New Amsterdam


Oct 17 Nine Regicides, the men who signed the death warrant of Charles I, are hanged, drawn and quartered, another is hanged.

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I
  • Nov 15 First kosher butcher (Asser Levy) licensed in New Amsterdam (now New York City)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 28 The Royal Society is formed at Gresham College, London, after a lecture by Christopher Wren, Gresham Professor of Astronomy

Architect Christopher Wren
Christopher Wren
  • Dec 15 Philippines: Andres Malongs rebels plunders Bagnotan
  • Dec 31 James II of England is named Duke of Normandy by Louis XIV of France.

Birthdays in History

  • Feb 15 Frans Anneessens, Belgian merchant/dean of artisans
  • Feb 19 Friedrich Hoffmann, German physician and chemist (d. 1742)
  • Mar 28 Arnold Houbraken, Dutch painter and writer, born in Dordrecht, Netherlands (d. 1719)
  • Apr 16 Hans Sloane, Irish physician, naturalist and collector (provided foundation of the British Museum), born in Killyleagh, Ulster, Ireland (d. 1753)
  • Apr 24 Cornelis Dusart, Dutch painter and engraver, born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1704)
  • May 20 Andreas Schlüter, German sculptor (d. 1714)

Person of interestGeorge I

May 28 George I, King of England (1714-27), born in Hanover, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1727)

King George I
George I
  • Jun 5 Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough, close friend of Queen Anne of Great Britain, born in Hertfordshire (d. 1744)
  • Jul 24 Charles Talbot, 1st Duke of Shrewsbury, English politician (d. 1718)
  • Aug 21 Hubert Gautier, French engineer, wrote 1st book on bridge building, born in Nîmes, France (d. 1737)

Person of interestDaniel Defoe

Sep 13 Daniel Defoe, English novelist (Robinson Crusoe), born in London, England (d. 1731)

Novelist Daniel Defoe
Daniel Defoe
  • Oct 20 Robert Bertie, 1st Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, English statesman (d. 1723)
  • Oct 21 Georg Ernst Stahl, German scientist (d. 1734)
  • Nov 15 Hermann von der Hardt, German historian, born in Melle, Westphalia (d. 1746)
  • Nov 20 Daniel Ernst Jablonski, German Protestant theologian, born in Nassenhuben [now Mokry Dwór, Poland] (d. 1741)
  • Dec 12 Peter Rabus, Dutch poet and translator (Liberated Britanje) (d. 1702)
  • Dec 26 Peter Schenck, German/Neth engraver/publisher, baptised

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

Jun 9 French King Louis XIV (21) marries Maria Theresa of Spain (21) at Saint-Jean-de-Luz

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV
Queen of Louis XIV Maria Theresa of Spain
Queen of Louis XIV
Maria Theresa of Spain

Deaths in History

  • Feb 2 Govert Flinck, Dutch painter (Isaac blesses Jacob), dies at 45
  • Feb 2 Gaston, Duke of Orleans, brother of French King Louis XIII, dies at 51
  • Feb 13 Charles X Gustav, King of Sweden (1654-60), dies at 37
  • Feb 15 Klaas Geritsz Compaen, Dutch buccaneer/merchant, dies at 72
  • Feb 18 Judith Leyster, Dutch painter, buried at 50
  • Apr 25 Henry Hammond, English churchman, dies at 54
  • Apr 26 Elizabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate, German princess & consort of Brandenburg as the wife of George William, dies at 62
  • Apr 30 Peter Scriverius, Dutch lawyer/historian, dies at 84
  • May 29 Gyorgy Rákóczi II, prince of Transylvania, dies in battle
  • May 29 Peter Scriverius, Dutch historian and writer, dies at 44
  • May 29 Frans van Schooten, Dutch mathematician (b. 1615)
  • Jun 1 Mary Dyer, English Quaker (martyred) - hanged for defying a law banning Quakers from the Massachusetts Bay Colony
  • Jun 30 William Oughtred, English mathematician (b. 1575)
  • Aug 6 Diego Velázquez, Spanish painter (Las Meninas), dies at 61
  • Aug 12 Gilbertus van Zinnik, Flemish architect, dies at about 33
  • Sep 8 Daniel von Czepko, German poet, dies at 54
  • Sep 12 Jacob Cats [Father Cats], Dutch grand pensionary and poet (Houwelyck), dies at 82
  • Sep 27 Vincent de Paul, French Roman Catholic Saint, dies at 79
  • Oct 7 Paul Scarron, French writer (Virgile Travesti), dies at 50
  • Oct 14 Francesco Albana, Italian painter (Hemelopneming of Maria), dies at 72
  • Oct 14 Thomas Harrison, English Puritan soldier (b. 1606)
  • Oct 17 Adrian Scrope, English regicide (b. 1601)
  • Nov 5 Lucy Hay, Countess of Carlisle, English socialite (b. 1599)
  • Nov 5 Alexandre de Rhodes, French Jesuit missionary (b. 1591)
  • Dec 1 Pierre d'Hozier, French genealogist, dies at 68
  • Dec 3 Jacques Sarazin, French sculptor/painter, dies at about 70
  • Dec 22 André Tacquet, Flemish mathematician (b. 1612)
  • Dec 24 Mary [Maria Henrietta], English Princess Royal, Princess of Orange, wife of Willem II, dies of smallpox at 29 [NS]