On This Day

1661 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 6 The Fifth Monarchists unsuccessfully attempt to seize control of London


Jan 30 Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England is ritually executed after having been dead for two years

English Military and Political Leader Oliver Cromwell
English Military and Political Leader
Oliver Cromwell

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 10 French King Louis XIV ends office of premier

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV

CrownRoyal Coronation

Apr 23 English king Charles II crowned in London

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • Apr 29 Chinese Ming dynasty occupies Taiwan
  • Apr 30 Tsjeng Tsj'eng-Kung begins siege of Dutch fort Zeelandia, Formosa
  • May 3 Johannes Hevelius observes 3rd transit of Mercury ever to be seen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 5 Isaac Newton admitted as a student to Trinity College, Cambridge

Physicist & Mathematician Isaac Newton
Physicist & Mathematician
Isaac Newton
  • Jun 21 Treaty of Kardis: Russia & Sweden sign peace treaty
  • Jun 23 Marriage contract for Charles II of England and Catharina of Portugal
  • Jul 3 Portugal gives Tangier and Bombay to English King Charles II

Historic Publication1st European Banknote

Jul 16 1st banknotes in Europe are issued by Bank of Stockholm

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The first European banknote, issued by Stockholms Banco of Sweden
The first European banknote, issued by Stockholms Banco of Sweden
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  • Jul 27 English Parliament confirms Navigation Act
  • Aug 6 The Treaty of The Hague is signed whereby the Dutch Republic sells New Holland (Brazil) for 63 tonnes of gold to Portugal

Why The King Became a Party PooperWhy The King Became a Party Pooper

Aug 17 French Superintendent of Finances Nicolas Fouquet throws one of the grandest and opulent parties ever seen in France, appalling King Louis XIV and leading to Fouquet's arrest for embezzlement weeks later

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Nicolas Fouquet, looking unsure of himself, alongside the splendid château that he had built for his own use – much to his King’s displeasure
Nicolas Fouquet, looking unsure of himself, alongside the splendid château that he had built for his own use – much to his King’s displeasure
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  • Sep 5 Nicolas Fouquet, French Superintendent of Finances under Louis XIV is arrested for maladministration of state funds; he died in 1680, never seeing freedom again.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 12 Robert Hooke appointed Curator of Experiments to the Royal Society, England

Scientist Robert Hooke
Robert Hooke
  • Dec 20 Corporation Act enforced in England

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 30 Charles Rollin, French historian, born in Paris (d. 1741)
  • Mar 25 Paul de Rapin, French historian (d. 1725)
  • Apr 11 Antoine Coypel, French painter and poet, born in Paris (d. 1722)
  • Apr 16 Charles Montagu, 1st Earl of Halifax, English poet and statesman, born in Horton, Northamptonshire, England (d. 1715)
  • May 25 Claude Buffier, French philosopher and historian, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1737)
  • Jun 9 Tsar Feodor III of Russia (1676-82), born in Moscow, Tsardom of Russia (d. 1682)
  • Oct 11 Melchior de Polignac, French diplomat, Cardinal and poet, born in Chateau de la Ronte, Haute-Loire, France (d. 1741)
  • Nov 4 Charles III Philip, Elector Palatine (1716-42), born in Neuburg an der Donau, Germany (d. 1742)
  • Nov 6 Charles II of Spain, last Habsburg king of Spain (reigns 1665-1700), born in Royal Alcazar of Madrid, Spain (d. 1700)
  • Nov 15 Christoph von Graffenried, British peer from Switzerland who founded New Bern, Carolina, born in Worb Castle, Bern, Switzerland (d. 1743)
  • Nov 28 Edward Hyde, 3rd Earl of Clarendon, British Governor of New York and New Jersey (d. 1723)
  • Dec 5 Robert Haley, 1st Earl of Oxford and English premier (Whig, 1710-14), born in Covent Garden, Middlesex, Kingdom of England (d. 1725)
  • Dec 18 Christopher Polhem, Swedish scientist and inventor (d. 1751)

Weddings in History

  • Mar 16 Princess Henrietta of Orange-Nassau (16) weds Philippe of France, Duke of Orléans (20)

LoveWedding of Interest

May 25 King Charles II marries Portuguese princess Catherina of Braganca

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II

Deaths in History

  • Jan 1 Pieter Claesz, Dutch still-life painter, dies at ~63
  • Jan 17 Andres Malong, Philippines rebel leader, executed
  • Jan 19 Thomas Venner, Fifth Monarchist (executed) (b. 1799)
  • Feb 2 Lucas Holstenius, German humanist (b. 1596)
  • Feb 5 Shunzhi Emperor of China (1644-1661) Third Qing Emperor, dies of smallpox at 22
  • Mar 1 Richard Zouch, English jurist, dies at 71
  • Mar 8 Jules Mazarin, Italian cardinal/premier of France, dies at 58
  • Mar 9 Jules "Cardinal" Mazarin, chief minister of France, dies at 58
  • Mar 22 Hendrick Uylenburgh, Dutch art dealer who launched Rembrandt and others, buried at about 73
  • Mar 24 William Leddra becomes the last Quaker to be hanged in Boston, for the crime of returning from banishment
  • Apr 4 Alexander Leslie, 1st Earl of Leven, Scottish soldier (b. circa 1580)
  • Apr 6 John Webster, colonial Governor of Connecticut (Fundamental Orders of Connecticut), dies at about 71
  • Apr 7 William Brereton, 1st Baronet, English soldier and politician, dies at 56
  • May 27 Archibald Campbell, Scottish politician, beheaded at about 53
  • Jun 8 John Elsevier, book publisher/publisher, dies at 39
  • Aug 6 Jacqueline-Marie-Angélique Arnauld, French abbess (Port-Royal de Paris), dies at about 70
  • Aug 7 Jin Shengtan, Chinese editor, writer and critic (b. 1608)
  • Aug 16 Thomas Fuller, British scholar, preacher and historian (History of the Worthies of Britain), dies of typhus fever at 53
  • Sep 12 Jacobus de la Torra, RC apostole vicar of Holland, dies at about 53
  • Oct 4 Jacqueline Pascal, French child prodigy, dies at 36
  • Oct 6 Guru Har Rai, seventh Sikh Guru
  • Oct 26 Johann B Schup [Schuppius], German poet, historian and vicar, dies
  • Oct 28 Agustín Moreto y Cavana, Spanish playwright (b. 1518)
  • Oct 30 Alexander Adriaenssen, Flemish painter known for his still lifes of fish and game pieces, dies at 74
  • Oct 31 Mehmed Koprulu, Albanian great vizier of Turkey, dies
  • Nov 29 Brian Walton, English clergyman and scholar (b. 1600)
  • Dec 29 Antoine Gérard de Saint-Amant, French poet (b. 1594)