On This Day

1663 in History

Events in History

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 10 King Charles II affirms charter of Royal African Company

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • Feb 5 Charlevoix Earthquake in Quebec, felt strongly in New England
  • Apr 1 Gemert fines unwed motherhood (50 guilder penalty)
  • Apr 6 King Charles II signs Carolina Charter
  • Apr 18 Osman declares war on Austria
  • May 7 Theatre Royal in Drury Lane London opens
  • Jun 8 Battle at Amegical: English & Portuguese fleet beats Spanish
  • Jul 8 King Charles II of England grants a charter to Rhode Island

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 11 Oxford mathematician John Wallis gives a lecture on Euclid’s parallel postulate, first Western attempt to derive the parallel postulate as a theorem

Mathematician and Cryptographer John Wallis
Mathematician and Cryptographer
John Wallis
  • Jul 26 French troops invade papal territory Comtat Venaissin
  • Jul 27 English Parliament accepts Staple Act
  • Sep 13 1st serious slave conspiracy in colonial America (Virginia)
  • Sep 25 Austrian Fort Neuhausl surrenders to invading Turkish army

Birthdays in History

  • Feb 1 Mother Ignacia del Espiritu Santo, Filipino Religious Sister of the Roman Catholic Church, born in Bonondo, Manila, Philippines (d. 1748)

Person of interestCotton Mather

Feb 12 Cotton Mather, American Puritan minister (Salem witchcraft trials), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1728)

Puritan Minister Cotton Mather
Puritan Minister
Cotton Mather
  • Feb 25 Pierre Antoine Motteux, French-born English dramatist (d. 1718)
  • Feb 28 Thomas Newcomen, English co-inventor of the atmospheric engine, born in Dartmouth, England (d. 1729)
  • Mar 6 Francis Atterbury, English man of letters and priest, born in Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire (d. 1732)
  • Mar 22 August Hermann Francke, German Protestant minister (d. 1727)
  • May 20 William Bradford, English-born colonial printer (Pennsylvania's first printing press), born in Leicestershire, England (d. 1752)
  • Jun 24 Jean Baptiste Massillon, French churchman, born in Hyères, France (d. 1742)
  • Jul 20 Pierre Drevet, French engraver, born in Loire-sur-Rhône, Lyon (d. 1738)
  • Aug 31 Guillaume Amontons, French physicist, born in Paris (d. 1705)
  • Oct 9 Giovanni Mario Crescimbeni, Italian literary and critic (Arcadia), born in Macerata, Italy (d. 1728)
  • Oct 16 Prince Eugene of Savoy, French-born Austrian general (d. 1736)
  • Oct 18 Prince Eugene of Savoy, famous military commander for the Habsburg Monarchy against the Ottomans and the French, born in Paris, France
  • Nov 26 Pedro de Peralta y Barnuevo, Peruvian poet (Obras Dramaticas), born in Lima, Peru (d. 1743)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 29 Robert Sanderson, Bishop of Lincoln (1660-63), dies
  • Feb 19 Adam Adami, German bishop and diplomat (b. 1603)
  • Apr 7 Francis Cooke, Mayflower Pilgrim, dies at approximately 80
  • Jun 4 William Juxon, archbishop of Canterbury (1660-63), dies
  • Sep 18 Joseph of Cupertino, Italian saint, dies at 60
  • Dec 17 Nzinga Mbandi, Queen of Ndongo and Matamba Kingdoms (1626 -1663) (modern Angola), dies at about 82
  • Dec 28 Francesco Maria Grimaldi, Italian mathematician and physicist (light defraction), dies at 45