On This Day

1665 in History

Events in History

  • Feb 27 Battle at Elmina, Gold Coast: Vice-admiral De Ruyter beats English

BattleDeclaration of War

Mar 4 English King Charles II declares war on Netherlands

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • Mar 6 Philosophical Transactions of Royal Society starts publishing
  • Mar 11 NY approves new code guaranteeing Protestants religious rights
  • May 5 Nicolaas Witsen visits patriarch Nikon in Moscow
  • May 15 Pope Alexander VII appoints committee to investigate Jansenism
  • May 31 Jerusalem's rabbi Sjabtai Tswi proclaims himself Messiah
  • Jun 3 Duke of York (future James II) defeats Dutch fleet off the coast of Lowestoft
  • Jun 6 Battle at Monte Carlo: English and Portuguese armies beat Spain
  • Jun 7 Boston's First Baptist Church, one of the oldest Baptist churches in America, is founded [NS March 1]

Historic DiscoveryGreat Plague of London

Jun 7 Great Plague of London: Samuel Pepys writes in his diary of houses marked with a red cross in London's Drury Lane, meaning somebody inside is infected with the plague and must be locked in for 40 days or until death

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Drivers of death carts in London would go street-to-street extolling people to
Drivers of death carts in London would go street-to-street extolling people to "bring out your dead" at the height of the London plague outbreak in 1665
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  • Jun 12 New Amsterdam legally becomes an English colony and renamed New York after English Duke of York
  • Jun 12 England installs a municipal government in New York City
  • Jun 13 Battle of Lowestoft, off Suffolk, England: English fleet beats Dutch
  • Jun 17 Battle of Viciosa (Monte Claros): English & Portuguese army beat Spain
  • Jun 30 The number of deaths in London from the Great Plague during June is recorded as 6,137 people
  • Aug 2 French expedition against Barbarians in Tunis/Algiers
  • Aug 12 English fleet beat Dutch fleet
  • Aug 27 "Ye Bare & Ye Cubb" is the first play performed in North America in Acomac, Virginia
  • Sep 22 Moliere's "L'amour Medecin" premieres in Paris
  • Sep 26 Height of the Great Plague of London as 7,165 people die throughout the previous week
  • Oct 5 The University of Kiel is founded.
  • Oct 9 Due to the Great Plague of London, the British Parliament meets at the University of Oxford rather than the Palace of Westminster
  • Oct 29 Battle of Mbwila [Ambuila]: Portuguese defeat forces of the Kingdom of Kongo and decapitate King Antonio I of Kongo / Nvita a Nkanga
  • Nov 7 1st edition of "London Gazette" published as "The Oxford Gazette"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 4 Jean Racine's "Alexandre le Grand" premieres in Paris

Dramatist and Playwright Jean Racine
Dramatist and Playwright
Jean Racine
  • Dec 11 "Messiah" Sjabtai Tswi festival in Smyrna
  • Dec 30 "Messiah" Sjabtai Tswi departs to Constantinople

Birthdays in History


Person of interestAnne Stuart

Feb 6 Anne Stuart, Queen of Great Britain (1702-14), born in St James's Palace, London (d. 1714)

Queen of England Anne Stuart
Queen of England
Anne Stuart
  • Feb 12 Rudolph Jakob Camerarius, German botanist and physician (sexuality of plants), born in Tübingen, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1721)
  • Mar 4 Philip Christoph von Königsmarck, Swedish soldier (d. 1694)
  • Mar 27 Benjamin Neukirch, German poet (Herrn von Hofmannswaldau), born in Silesia, Poland (d. 1729)
  • Apr 19 Jacques Lelong, French bibliographer, born in Paris (d. 1721)
  • Apr 29 James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde, Irish statesman and soldier, born in Dublin (d. 1745)
  • Jun 4 Zacharie Robutel de La Noue, Canadian soldier, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1733)
  • Jul 2 Samuel Penhallow, English-born American colonist and historian, born in St Mabon, Cornwall, England (d. 1726)
  • Aug 20 Bernardus Smijtegelt, Dutch vicar (Gekrookte Reed), born in Goes, Netherlands (d. 1739)
  • Aug 21 Giacomo F. Maraldi, French-Italian astronomer and mathematician, born in Perinaldo, Italy (d. 1729)
  • Aug 27 John Hervey, 1st Earl of Bristol, English politician, born in Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk (d. 1751)
  • Sep 20 Johannes van der Hagen, Dutch vicar and genealogist, born in Leiden, Netherlands (d. 1739)
  • Dec 28 George FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Northumberland, British general (d. 1716)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 12 Pierre de Fermat, French mathematician (Fermat therorem), dies at 63
  • Jan 31 Johannes Clauberg, German theologian and philosopher (b. 1622)
  • Feb 28 Lodewijk van Nassau, Dutch governor (Bois-le-Duc), dies
  • May 24 Maria de Jesus de Agreda [Maria Coronel], Spanish franciscan, dies at 63
  • May 31 Pieter J Saenredam, Dutch architectural painter, dies at 67
  • Jun 11 Kenelm Digby, English philosopher and diplomat, dies at 61
  • Jun 13 Auke Stellingwerf, lt-admiral of Friesland, dies in battle at about 29
  • Jun 13 Egbert Meussen Kortenaer, vice-admiral, dies in battle at about 29
  • Jun 13 Jacob van Wassenaer [Foggy Obdam], lt-admiral, dies in battle at 55
  • Jun 25 Sigismund Francis, Archduke of Austria, dies at 34
  • Sep 12 Jean Bolland, Flemish Jesuit writer and historian (Acta Sanctorum), dies at 69
  • Sep 17 Philip IV, King of Spain & Portugal (1621-55), dies at 60
  • Sep 25 Maria Anna of Austria, Electress of Bavaria (b. 1610)
  • Nov 17 John Earle, English bishop
  • Nov 19 Nicholas Poussin, French painter, dies
  • Dec 2 Catherine de Vivonne, marquise de Rambouillet, French socialite (b. 1588)