On This Day

1666 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 26 France declares war on England & Munster
  • Feb 16 Netherlands & Brandenburg sign treaty
  • Apr 18 Peace of Kleef: Netherlands & bishop Von Galen of Munster
  • Jun 4 Battle at Dunkirk: English vs Dutch fleet
  • Jun 11 -14] Vierdaagse Sea battle (Ruyter-Monk vs Prince Ruprecht)
  • Aug 4 Hurricane hits Guadeloupe, Martinique and St Christopher; thousands die
  • Aug 4 Sea battle between Netherlands and England
  • Aug 5 English fleet beats Dutch under Michiel de Ruyter
  • Aug 9 Rear Admiral Robert Holmes leads a raid on the Dutch island of Terschelling, destroying 150 merchant ships in the Vlie estuary, and pillaging the town of West-Terschelling, an act later known as "Holmes's Bonfire".

The Great Fire of LondonThe Great Fire of London

Sep 2 Great Fire of London begins at 2am in Pudding Lane, 80% of London is destroyed

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The Tower of London to the right, London Bridge to the left – how an artist painted the Great Fire
The Tower of London to the right, London Bridge to the left – how an artist painted the Great Fire
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  • Sep 5 Great Fire of London ends, leaving 13,200 houses destroyed and 8 dead
  • Sep 6 After St Paul's Cathedral and much of the city had been burned down over four days, the Great Fire of London is finally extinguished.
  • Sep 16 "Messiah" Sjabtai Tswi becomes Islamiet
  • Oct 25 Brandenburg, Brunswick, Denmark and The Netherlands form anti-French Quadruple Alliance

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 14 Samuel Pepys reports on 1st blood transfusion (between dogs)

Diarist Samuel Pepys
Samuel Pepys

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

Dec 22 The French Academy of Sciences, founded by Louis XIV with Jean-Baptiste Colbert first meets in the Kings Library

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV
  • Dec 30 Abraham Crijnssen departs to Suriname

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 5 Guru Gobind Singh, Tenth Guru of Sikhism, founder and General of Khalsa Army, social reformist and poet, born in Patna Sahib (d. 1708)
  • Feb 9 George Hamilton, 1st Earl of Orkney, British soldier (d. 1737)
  • Feb 15 Antonio M Valsalva, Italian anatomist (eardrums, glottis)
  • Mar 15 George Bähr, German architect (Frauenkirche, Dresden) (d. 1738)
  • Apr 17 François Valentijn, Dutch vicar and writer (Old and New East-India), born in Dordrecht, Netherlands (d. 1727)
  • May 14 Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia (d. 1732)
  • Jul 10 John Ernest Grabe, German-born Anglican theologian, born in Königsberg (d. 1711)
  • Aug 6 Maria Sophia of Neuburg, Queen of Portugal as the wife of King Peter II from 1687-99), born in Schloss Benrath, Düsseldorf (d. 1699)
  • Aug 13 William Wotton, English theologian and scholar, born in Wrentham, Suffolk (d. 1727)
  • Aug 16 Princess Henriëtte Amalia of Anhalt-Dessau, monarch of Nassau-Dietz, born in Kleve, Lower Rhine (d. 1726)
  • Aug 27 Ivan V, co-tsar of Russia (1682-89), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1696)
  • Sep 15 Princess Sophia Dorothea of Celle, repudiated wife of future King George I of Great Britain, and mother of George II, born in Celle, Germany (d. 1726)
  • Sep 16 Antoine Parent, French mathematician, born in Paris (d. 1716)

Weddings in History

  • Sep 23 Princess Maria of Orange-Nassau marries Mauritius earl of Simmeren
  • Dec 12 Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor (26), marries his niece and cousin Margaret Theresa of Spain (15), the celebrations last almost two years

Deaths in History

  • Jan 18 Adriaen A Bloemaert, Dutch landscape painter, dies at about 56
  • Jan 20 Anna of Austria, Spanish princess, Austrian archduchess, Queen of France as wife of Louis XIII and regent of France (1643-51) for her son Louis XIV, dies of breast cancer at 64
  • Jan 22 Shah Jahan, 5th Mughal Emperor of India (1628-58) who built the Taj Mahal for his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal, dies at 74
  • Feb 27 Luisa de Guzmán, Queen of Portugal (1640-56), dies at 52
  • May 22 Gaspar Schott, German scientist (b. 1608)
  • Jun 11 Cornelis Evertsen the Elder, Dutch-Swiss vice-admiral, dies in battle at 55
  • Jun 15 Pieter de Bitter, Dutch admiral (Colombo, Goa), dies
  • Jun 26 Richard Fanshawe, diplomat/translator/poet, dies
  • Jun 30 Alexander Brome, English poet
  • Jul 5 Albert VI, Duke of Bavaria, dies at 82
  • Aug 4 Johan Evertsen, ltalian admiral of Zeeland, lynched in Brielle
  • Aug 6 Tsjerk Hiddes de Vries, Dutch admiral, dies in battle at 43
  • Aug 15 Johann A Schall von Bell, German missionary and astronomer, dies at 75
  • Aug 24 Francisco M the Melo, Portuguese author (Obras Morales), dies at 57
  • Aug 26 Frans Hals, Dutch painter (b. circa 1580)
  • Aug 30 Benedictus Carpzovius [Benedikt Carpzov], German lawyer, dies at 71
  • Sep 1 French Neck, portrait painter (Women Portrait), dies at about 86
  • Oct 11 Henry de Fleury dee Coulan, mister of Buat/ritmeester, dies
  • Oct 12 Dirck Graswinckel, Dutch States-General court clerk, dies at 66
  • Oct 29 Edmund Calamy the Elder, English Presbyterian leader (b. 1600)
  • Oct 29 James Shirley, English dramatist (b. 1596)