On This Day

1668 in History

Events in History

AgreementTreaty of Interest

Jan 19 King Louis XIV & Emperor Leopold I sign treaty dividing Spain

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV
  • Jan 23 England, Netherlands & Sweden sign Triple Alliance against French
  • Feb 13 Treaty of Lisbon: Spain recognizes Portugal
  • Feb 23 Fire in the Hofburg in Vienna, Emperor Leopold I rescued
  • Mar 26 England takes control of Bombay, India

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 27 English king Charles II gives Bombay to East India Company

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • Apr 13 John Dryden (36) appointed first English poet laureate by Charles II
  • May 2 Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle, 1st peace of Aachen: ends War of Devolution, French-Spanish war in The Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 7 Isaac Newton receives MA from Trinity College, Cambridge

Physicist & Mathematician Isaac Newton
Physicist & Mathematician
Isaac Newton
  • Aug 15 Confederation of the Rhine disbands
  • Sep 16 King John II Casimir of Poland resigns, flees to France
  • Sep 19 Polish King John II Casimir Vasa resigns and goes to France the following year
  • Oct 9 Mass society storms palace of "heretics" Spanish governor Jose de Paternina
  • Oct 23 Jews of Barbados forbidden to engage in retail trade

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 13 Jean Racine's "Britannicus" premieres in Paris

Dramatist and Playwright Jean Racine
Dramatist and Playwright
Jean Racine

Birthdays in History

  • Mar 29 Thomas Coram, English sea captain and philanthropist (Founder of the Foundling Hospital), born in Lyme Regis, Dorset (d. 1751)
  • Apr 14 Magnus Julius De la Gardie, Swedish General and statesman, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1741)
  • Apr 20 Yuri Troubetzkoy, Governor of Belgorod (d. 1739)
  • May 6 Alain-René Lesage, French author (Turcaret ou le Financier), born in Sarzeau, France (d. 1747)
  • Jun 23 Giambattista Vico, Italian philosopher and historian (d. 1744)
  • Jul 6 Pieter Burman the Elder, Dutch classical scholar, born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1741)
  • Oct 18 Johan Georg IV, elector of Saxony (1691-94)
  • Oct 18 Wierich PL earl von Daun, Austrian prince of Thiano/fieldmarshall
  • Oct 30 Sophia Charlotte of Hanover, 1st Queen consort of Prussia (1701-05), born in Iburg Castle, Osnabrück, Hanover (d. 1705)
  • Nov 10 Louis III, Prince of Condé and Duke de Bourbon, born in Paris (d. 1710)
  • Nov 11 Johann Albert Fabricius, German classical scholar and bibliographer, born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1736)
  • Nov 27 Henri François d'Aguesseau, Chancellor of France (1717-50), born in Limoges, France (d. 1751)
  • Dec 31 Hermannus Boerhaave, Dutch botanist & physician, born in Voorhout, Netherlands (d. 1738)

Deaths in History

  • Feb 21 John Thurloe, English Puritan spy (b. 1616)
  • Apr 7 William Davenant, English poet (b. 1606)
  • May 23 Philips Wouwerman, Haarlems painter, buried
  • Jun 20 Heinrich Roth, German Sanskrit scholar (b. 1620)
  • Aug 9 Francois Anguier, French sculptor, dies at about 64
  • Aug 23 Artus Quellinus, Flemish sculptor (Amsterdam townhall), dies at 58
  • Sep 19 William Waller, English soldier
  • Nov 16 Antoon Anselmo, South Netherlands lawyer, dies at about 79
  • Nov 17 Joseph Alleine, English preacher (b. 1634)
  • Dec 22 Stephen Day, English-born colonial printer (The Psalms in Meter - 1st book printed in American colonies), dies at about 58