On This Day

1675 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 Don Carlos de Gurrea/Aragon becomes Spanish land guardian of S Neth
  • Jan 5 Battle at Turkheim (Colmar): French army beats Brandenburg
  • Jan 8 1st American commercial corporation chartered (NY Fishing Co)
  • Jan 31 Cornelia/Dina Olfaarts found not guilty of witchcraft
  • Feb 21 Prince Willem III appointed viceroy of Gelderland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 2 Prince William III installed as governor of Overijssel

King of England William III
King of England
William III

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 4 John Flamsteed appointed 1st Astronomer Royal of England

1st Astronomer Royal John Flamsteed
1st Astronomer Royal
John Flamsteed
  • Jun 20 Abenaki, Massachusetts, Mohegan and Wampanoag Native Americans form anti-English front under Metacom

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 22 Royal Greenwich Observatory established in England by Charles II

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • Jun 25 Battle at Rathenow: Brandenburgers beat Sweden
  • Jun 28 Battle at Fehrbellin: Brandenburg army beats Sweden
  • Aug 6 Russian Tsar Alexis bans foreign hair styles to those below the nobility
  • Aug 10 King Charles II and John Flamsteed lay the foundation stone of the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, London
  • Aug 10 Portuguese-Jewish synagogue opens in Amsterdam
  • Sep 6 Swedish admiral Stenbock sails out with fleet of 66 ships
  • Sep 9 New England colonies declare war on Wampanoag indians
  • Oct 4 Dutch mathematician Christiaan Huygens patents the pocket watch

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 29 Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz makes the first use of the long s, ∫, for integral, helping discover integral and differential calculus

Philosopher and Mathematician Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
Philosopher and Mathematician
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
  • Nov 2 A combined attack by the Plymouth, Rhode Island, Massachusetts Bay and Connecticut colonies attacks the Great Swamp Fort, owned by the Narragansetts during King Philip's War
  • Nov 4 Storm hits Western Europe: flood in Amsterdam
  • Nov 11 German mathematician Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz demonstrates integral calculus for the first time to find the area under the graph of y = f(x) function
  • Nov 14 Pope Clemens X declares Gorcumse martyrs divine
  • Nov 22 English king Charles II adjourns Parliament

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 16 Louis de Rouvroy, duc de Saint-Simon, French writer (Mémoires), born in Paris (d. 1755)
  • Feb 21 Franz Xaver Josef von Unertl, Bavarian politician (d. 1750)
  • Feb 28 Guillaume Delisle, French cartographer (d. 1726)
  • Mar 31 Benedict XIV [Prospero L Lambertini], Italian Pope (1740-58)
  • May 29 Humphry Ditton, English mathematician, born in Salisbury, England (d. 1715)
  • Jun 1 Francesco Scipione, marchese di Maffei, Italian archaeologist (d. 1755)
  • Jul 5 Mary Walcott, American accuser at the Salem witch trials, born in Salem, Massachusetts (d. 1720)
  • Jul 14 Claude Alexandre de Bonneval, French soldier (d. 1747)
  • Sep 2 William Somervile, English poet (d. 1742)
  • Sep 3 Paul Dudley, Attorney-General of Massachusetts, born in Roxbury, Massachusetts (d. 1751)
  • Oct 11 Samuel Clarke, English philosopher and theologian, born in Norwich, England (d. 1729)
  • Oct 21 Emperor Higashiyama of Japan (d. 1710)
  • Oct 24 Richard Temple, 1st Viscount Cobham, English soldier and politician, born in Parchim, Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Germany (d. 1749)

Deaths in History

  • Feb 9 Gerrit Dou / Gerard Douw, Dutch painter (b. 1613)
  • Mar 18 Arthur Chichester, 1st Earl of Donegall, Irish soldier (b. 1606)
  • Apr 12 Richard Bennett, English Colonial Governor of Virginia, dies at 65
  • May 18 Jacques Marquette, French Jesuit missionary explorer (Chicago), dies at 37
  • May 18 Stanisław Lubieniecki, Polish astronomer, dies at 51
  • May 27 Gaspard Dughet, French painter (b. 1613)
  • Jun 12 Charles Emmanuel II, Duke of Savoy (1638-75), dies at 40
  • Jul 27 Henri de la Tour d'Auvergne, Vicomte de Turenne, Marshal of France, dies at 63
  • Jul 28 Bulstrode Whitelocke, English lawyer (b. 1605)
  • Aug 12 Karl Rabenhaupt, German/Neth baron of Sucha/army leader, dies at 73
  • Aug 16 Bogdan Chmilnicki, cosack leader/murderer of 300,000 Jews, dies
  • Sep 3 Pieter Boel, Flemish painter and etcher, dies
  • Sep 8 Amalia, countess of Solms-Braunfels and wife of Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange, dies at 73
  • Sep 18 Charles IV, Duke of Lorraine (1624-75), dies at 71
  • Sep 23 Valentin Conrart, founder of the Académie Française (b. 1603)
  • Oct 26 William Sprague, English co-founder of Charlestown, Massachusetts (b. 1609)
  • Oct 27 Gilles de Roberval, French mathematician (b. 1602)
  • Nov 5 Kurt S Adeler, Danish admiral/ship designer, dies at 52
  • Nov 11 Thomas Willis, English Physician (epidemiology, anatomy of the brain and nervous system), dies at 54
  • Nov 11 Guru Teg Bahadur Ji, ninth Nanak, 9th of 10 Guru of the Sikhs, executed under the orders of the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb at 54
  • Nov 20 Francisco de Moura y Cortereal, Spanish Vicroy of Sardinia and Governor of Hapsburg Netherlands (1664-68)
  • Nov 28 Leonard Hoar, American President of Harvard University (b. 1630)
  • Nov 28 Basil Feilding, 2nd Earl of Denbigh, English Civil War soldier (c. 1608)
  • Nov 30 Cæcilius Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore, colonial Governor of Maryland (b. 1605)
  • Dec 5 John Lightfoot, English theologist and scholar (Horae Hebraicae), dies at 73

Person of interestJan Vermeer

Dec 15 Jan Vermeer, Dutch painter (Girl with a Pearl Earring), dies at 43

Painter Jan Vermeer
Jan Vermeer
  • Dec 23 Caesar, duc de Choiseul, French marshal and diplomat (b. 1602)