On This Day

1676 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 29 Feodor III succeeds his father and becomes Tsar of Russia
  • Feb 10 Wampanoag Indians under King Philip kill all men in Lancaster Mass

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 15 Isaac Newton writes to Robert Hooke “If I have seen further, it is by standing on the shoulders of Giants” (O.S. 5 Feb)

Physicist & Mathematician Isaac Newton
Physicist & Mathematician
Isaac Newton
Scientist Robert Hooke
Robert Hooke
  • Apr 18 Sudbury, Massachusetts, attacked by Indians
  • Apr 22 Battle of Etna - Netherlands and Spain vs France, M de Ruyter fatally wounded
  • May 10 Bacon's Rebellion begins, frontiersmen vs Virginia government

Battle of InterestBattle of Öland

Jun 1 Battle of Öland: allied Danish-Dutch forces defeat the Swedish navy in the Baltic Sea, during the Scanian War (1675–79)

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An allied Danish-Dutch fleet battles the Swedish navy in the Baltic Sea, off the east coast of Öland
An allied Danish-Dutch fleet battles the Swedish navy in the Baltic Sea, off the east coast of Öland
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  • Jun 2 Battle at Palermo: French beats Dutch and Spanish fleet
  • Jun 11 Battle at Öland: Danish & Dutch fleet under CM Tromp beats Sweden
  • Jul 29 Nathaniel Bacon declared a rebel for assembling frontiersmen to protect settlers from Indians
  • Aug 3 Nathaniel Bacon publishes "Declaration of People of Virginia"
  • Aug 12 1st war between American colonists & Indians ends in New England
  • Sep 19 Rebels under Nathaniel Bacon set Jamestown, Virginia on fire
  • Sep 21 Benedetto Odescalchi elected as Pope Innocent XI
  • Oct 27 Poland & Turkey sign Peace of Warsaw
  • Nov 3 Kara Mustafa succeeds Ahmed Kiprulu as Turkish grand vizier
  • Nov 6 King Carlos II of Spain comes of age (at 15)
  • Nov 16 1st colonial prison organized in Nantucket, Massachusetts
  • Dec 3 Battle of Lund (Scanian War): Swedish army of 8,000 defeats much larger joint Danish/Dutch force of 13,000
  • Dec 4 Battle of Lund: A Danish army under the command of King Christian V of Denmark engages the Swedish army commanded by Field Marshal Simon Grundel-Helmfelt

Birthdays in History

  • Mar 17 Thomas Boston, Scottish church leader (d. 1732)
  • Mar 27 Francis II Rákóczi, Hungarian nobleman and leader of the Hungarian uprising against the Habsburg, born in Borsi, Royal Hungary (d. 1735)
  • Apr 17 Frederik I, van Hessen Kassel, King of Sweden (1720-51), born in Kassel, Germany (d. 1751)
  • May 28 Jacopo Riccati, Italian mathematician (Riccati equation), born in Venice, Venetian Republic (d. 1754)
  • Jul 3 Leopold I, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau, Prussian field marshal, born in Dessau, Anhalt-Dessau (d. 1747)
  • Jul 14 Caspar Abel, German theologian, historian, and poet (d. 1763)
  • Jul 21 Anthony Collins, English philosopher (A discourse on free-thinking), born in Hounslow, Middlesex (d. 1729)

Person of interestRobert Walpole

Aug 26 Robert Walpole, 1st British Prime Minister (Whig: 1721-42), born in Houghton, Norfolk, England (d. 1745)

1st British Prime Minister Robert Walpole
1st British Prime Minister
Robert Walpole
  • Sep 13 Élisabeth Charlotte d'Orléans, Duchess of Lorraine, born in Château de Saint-Cloud, France (d. 1744)
  • Sep 18 Eberhard Ludwig, Duke of Württemberg, born in Stuttgart, Germany (d. 1733)
  • Oct 8 Benito Jerónimo Feijóo y Montenegro, Spanish scholar, born in Casdemiro, Spain (d. 1764)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 29 Tsar Alexis I of Russia [Aleksey Mikhaylovich], Tsar of Russia (1645-76), dies at 46
  • Feb 8 Alexis I [Aleksey Mikhailovich], 1st Romanov Tsar of Russia, dies at 46
  • Feb 14 Abraham Bosse, French engraver and artist
  • Mar 21 Henri Sauval, French historian (b. 1623)
  • Apr 5 John Winthrop, the Younger, American politician (b. 1606)
  • Apr 8 Claudia Felicitas of Austria, Empress consort of Germany, dies at 22
  • Apr 29 Michiel A. de Ruyter, Dutch rear-admiral, (Newport), killed at 69
  • Jun 1 Creutz, Swedish admiral (Öland), dies in battle
  • Jun 1 Uggla, Swedish admiral (Öland), dies in battle
  • Jul 5 Carl Gustaf Wrangel, Swedish soldier (b. 1613)
  • Jul 22 Clement X [Emilio Altieri], Italian Pope (1670-76), dies at 86
  • Jul 25 François Hédelin, abbé d'Aubignac, French writer, dies at 71
  • Aug 12 King Philip [Metacomet], leader Wampanoag-indians, shot to death
  • Aug 17 Hans Jakob Christoffel von Grimmelshausen, German writer (Simplicius Simplicissimus), dies
  • Sep 9 Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuve, French army officer (b. 1612)
  • Sep 10 Gerrard Winstanley, English religious reformer (b. 1609)
  • Sep 17 Sabbatai Zevi, Montenegrin rabbi, kabbalist, and founder of the Jewish Sabbatean movement, dies at 49
  • Oct 18 Nathaniel Bacon, rallied against Virginian government, killed at 29
  • Oct 25 Justus G Schottel [Schottelius], German linguistic/poet, dies at 64
  • Oct 28 Jean Desmarets, French writer (b. 1595)
  • Oct 30 Ahmed Koprulu, Turkish great vizer (siege of Candia, Kreta), dies
  • Nov 1 Gisbertus Voetius, Dutch theologian (b. 1589)
  • Dec 3 Daniel Stalpaert, Amsterdams master builder, buried
  • Dec 20 John Galle, Flemish engraver and printer, dies at 76
  • Dec 25 Matthew Hale, Lord Chief Justice of England (b. 1609)
  • Dec 25 William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Newcastle, English aristocrat and Royalist general in the English Civil War, dies at 83
  • Dec 26 Domenicus van Tol, Dutch painter, dies