On This Day

1677 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 21 1st medical publication in America (pamphlet on smallpox), published in Boston

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 15 King Charles II reports anti-French covenant with Netherlands

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • Feb 16 Earl of Shaftesbury arrested and confined in the Tower of London
  • Mar 13 Massachusetts gains title to Maine for $6,000

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Apr 11 Battle at Montcassel, French troops beat Prince William III

King of England William III
King of England
William III
  • Apr 22 Battle at Catania: between French & Dutch fleet
  • Apr 26 Emperor Leopold I forms University of Innsbruck
  • May 29 Treaty of Middle Plantation establishes peace between the Virginia colonists and local Native Americans
  • Sep 21 Jan and Nicolaas van der Heyden patent the fire hose
  • Nov 16 French troops occupy Freiburg
  • Dec 12 Brandenburgs army occupies Stettin

Birthdays in History

  • Feb 3 Jan Santini Aichel, Czech architect (d. 1723)
  • Feb 18 Jacques Cassini, French astronomer (rings of Saturn)
  • Apr 25 Guillaume Coustou Sr, French sculptor (Chevaux the Marly), born in Lyon, France (d. 1746)
  • Aug 9 Jacob Campo Weyerman, Dutch painter and writer active during the Dutch Enlightenment, born in Charleroi, Belgium (d. 1747)
  • Aug 27 Otto Ferdinand von Abensberg und Traun, Austrian field marshal, born in Ödenburg, Austria (d. 1748)
  • Sep 17 Stephen Hales, English physiologist, chemist and inventor (first person to measure blood pressure), born in Bekesbourne, Kent, England (d. 1761)
  • Oct 20 Stanislaus I Leszczyński, King of Poland (d. 1766)

Weddings in History

  • Nov 14 Prince William of Orange (27) marries English princess Mary Stuart (15)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 9 Aernout "Aert" van der Neer, cartoonist/landscape painter, dies at 73
  • Jan 18 Jan van Riebeeck, Dutch founder of Cape Colony (Cape Town), dies at 57
  • Feb 21 [Benedictus] Baruch Spinoza, philosopher, dies at 44
  • Mar 28 Václav [Wenceslaus] Hollar, Bohemian-born etcher, dies at about 69
  • May 4 Isaac Barrow, English mathematician (b. 1630)
  • May 20 George Digby, 2nd Earl of Bristol, English statesman (b. 1612)
  • Jun 23 Wilhelm Ludwig, Duke of Württemberg (b. 1647)
  • Jul 9 Angelus Silesius [Johann Scheffer], German medical/mystic poet, dies
  • Aug 28 Wallerant Vaillant, French painter and engraver, dies at 54
  • Sep 11 James Harrington, English political philosopher (b. 1611)
  • Nov 9 Aert van der Neer, Dutch landscape painter, dies at about 73
  • Dec 12 Jacob Binckes/Benckes, Dutch admiral (Chatham), dies in battle