On This Day

1678 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 2 Staatsoper Hamburg opens with Theiles "Adam und Eva"
  • Feb 18 John Bunyan's "Pilgrim's Progress" is published in Holborn, London, by Nathaniel Ponder
  • Feb 27 Earl of Shaftesbury freed from the Tower of London
  • Apr 25 French troops conquer Ypres
  • May 3 French conquering fleet at Curacao, 1200 die
  • May 11 French admiral Jean d'Estrees' fleet runs aground on Aves-islands, Curacao

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 25 Venetian Elena Cornaro Piscopia is awarded a doctorate of philosophy from the University of Padua, 1st woman to receive a university doctoral degree or PhD

Philosopher and Mathematician Elena Cornaro Piscopia
Philosopher and Mathematician
Elena Cornaro Piscopia
  • Jul 26 England and Netherlands signs treaty: sending ultimatum to France
  • Jul 30 English troops land in Flanders
  • Aug 3 Robert LaSalle builds 1st ship in America, Griffon
  • Aug 10 Netherlands & France sign peace treaty in Nijmegen
  • Aug 14 Battle of Mons - French repulse William of Orange
  • Sep 17 France & Spain sign Treaties of Nijmegen
  • Sep 29 France & Brandenburg signs peace treaty
  • Nov 5 Brandenburgse troops occupy Greifswald in Sweden
  • Nov 30 Roman Catholics banned from English parliament

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 3 Edmond Halley receives MA from The Queen's College, Oxford

Astronomer, Mathematician and Physicist Edmond Halley
Astronomer, Mathematician and Physicist
Edmond Halley

Birthdays in History

  • Mar 3 Madeleine de Verchères, French Canadian heroine (d. 1747)
  • Mar 7 Filippo Juvarra, Italian architect, born in Messina, Italy (d. 1736)
  • Mar 15 Dominique Marie Valet, French RC/old-catholic bishop
  • Jul 26 Joseph I Habsburg, German king and Roman Catholic emperor (1705-11), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1711)
  • Sep 16 Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke, English statesman and philosopher, born in Battersea, Surrey, England (d. 1751)
  • Sep 29 Adrien-Maurice, 3rd duc de Noailles, French soldier (d. 1766)
  • Oct 10 John Campbell, 2nd duke of Argyll and field marshal (Union of 1707), born in Ham House, Petersham, Surrey (d. 1743)
  • Nov 26 Jean Jacques d'Ortous de Mairan, French geophysicist, born in Béziers, France (d. 1771)
  • Dec 2 Nicolaas Kruik, Dutch hydraulic engineer (drained Haarlemmermeer), born in West-Vlieland, Netherlands (d. 1754)
  • Dec 8 Horatio Walpole, 1st Baron Walpole of Wolterton, English diplomat, born in Houghton, Cambridge, England (d. 1757)
  • Dec 13 Yongzheng, 4th Emperor of the Qing Dynasty, born in Yonghe Palace, Forbidden City, China (d. 1735)
  • Dec 14 Daniel Neal, English historian, born in London (d. 1743)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 4 Joan Maetsuyker, Dutch governor-general of Ceylon (1653-78), dies at 71
  • Jan 24 Joan Maetsuyker, gov-gen of Neth East-Indies, dies at 72
  • Jan 29 Jeronimo Lobo, Portuguese Jesuit missionary (b. 1593)
  • Feb 10 Philip Vingboons, Amsterdam's master builder, buried
  • May 5 Anna M van Schurman, Dutch poet/spoke 10 languages, dies at about 70
  • Jun 2 Pieter the Great, regent/diplomat, dies at 63
  • Jun 2 Pieter de Groot, Dutch regent and diplomat (First Stadtholderless Period of the Dutch Republic), dies at 63
  • Jun 17 Giacomo Torelli, Italian stage designer, engineer and architect dies at 69
  • Aug 16 Andrew Marvell, English poet (Definition of Love), overdoses at 57
  • Aug 28 John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton, English soldier (b. 1602)
  • Oct 2 Wu San-kuei, gen, invited Manchus to China, dies trying to expel them
  • Oct 12 Edmund Berry Godfrey, English magistrate (b. 1621)
  • Oct 18 Cornelis Galle II, Flemish engraver/illustrator, dies at 63
  • Oct 18 Jacob Jordaens, Flemish baroque painter, dies at 85
  • Nov 1 William Coddington, first Governor of Rhode Island (b. 1601)
  • Nov 7 Erasmus Quellinus II, Flemish painter and etcher, dies at 70
  • Nov 20 Charles Dujardin, painter/etcher (Learned Dog), dies at about 56
  • Nov 30 Andries de Graeff, mayor of Amsterdam (1657..71), dies at 67