On This Day

1678 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 2 Staatsoper Hamburg opens with Theiles "Adam und Eva"

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Feb 18 John Bunyan's "Pilgrim's Progress" is published in Holborn, London, by Nathaniel Ponder

Author John Bunyan
Author
John Bunyan
  • Feb 27 Earl of Shaftesbury freed from the Tower of London
  • Apr 25 French troops conquer Ypres
  • May 3 French conquering fleet at Curacao, 1200 die
  • May 11 French admiral Jean d'Estrees' naval fleet runs aground on Aves-islands, Curacao, ends French control and ushers in an age of Piracy in the Caribbean

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 25 Venetian Elena Cornaro Piscopia is awarded a doctorate of philosophy from the University of Padua, 1st woman to receive a university doctoral degree or PhD

Philosopher and Mathematician Elena Cornaro Piscopia
Philosopher and Mathematician
Elena Cornaro Piscopia
  • Jul 26 England and Netherlands signs treaty: sending ultimatum to France
  • Jul 30 English troops land in Flanders
  • Aug 3 Robert LaSalle builds 1st ship in America, Griffon
  • Aug 10 Netherlands & France sign peace treaty in Nijmegen
  • Aug 14 Battle of Mons - French repulse William of Orange
  • Sep 17 France & Spain sign Treaties of Nijmegen
  • Sep 29 France & Brandenburg signs peace treaty
  • Nov 5 Brandenburgse troops occupy Greifswald in Sweden
  • Nov 30 Roman Catholics banned from English parliament

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 3 Edmond Halley receives MA from The Queen's College, Oxford

Astronomer, Mathematician and Physicist Edmond Halley
Astronomer, Mathematician and Physicist
Edmond Halley

Birthdays in History

  • Mar 3 Madeleine de Verchères, French Canadian heroine (d. 1747)
  • Mar 7 Filippo Juvarra, Italian architect, born in Messina, Italy (d. 1736)
  • Mar 15 Dominique Marie Valet, French RC/old-catholic bishop
  • Jul 26 Joseph I Habsburg, German king and Roman Catholic emperor (1705-11), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1711)
  • Sep 16 Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke, English statesman and philosopher, born in Battersea, Surrey, England (d. 1751)
  • Sep 29 Adrien-Maurice, 3rd duc de Noailles, French soldier (d. 1766)
  • Oct 10 John Campbell, 2nd duke of Argyll and field marshal (Union of 1707), born in Ham House, Petersham, Surrey (d. 1743)
  • Nov 26 Jean Jacques d'Ortous de Mairan, French geophysicist, born in Béziers, France (d. 1771)
  • Dec 2 Nicolaas Kruik, Dutch hydraulic engineer (drained Haarlemmermeer), born in West-Vlieland, Netherlands (d. 1754)
  • Dec 8 Horatio Walpole, 1st Baron Walpole of Wolterton, English diplomat, born in Houghton, Cambridge, England (d. 1757)
  • Dec 13 Yongzheng, 4th Emperor of the Qing Dynasty, born in Yonghe Palace, Forbidden City, China (d. 1735)
  • Dec 14 Daniel Neal, English historian, born in London (d. 1743)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 4 Joan Maetsuyker, Dutch governor-general of Ceylon (1653-78), dies at 71
  • Jan 24 Joan Maetsuyker, gov-gen of Neth East-Indies, dies at 72
  • Jan 29 Jeronimo Lobo, Portuguese Jesuit missionary (b. 1593)
  • Feb 10 Philip Vingboons, Amsterdam's master builder, buried
  • May 5 Anna M van Schurman, Dutch poet, spoke 10 languages, dies at about 70
  • Jun 2 Pieter the Great, regent/diplomat, dies at 63
  • Jun 2 Pieter de Groot, Dutch regent and diplomat (First Stadtholderless Period of the Dutch Republic), dies at 63
  • Jun 17 Giacomo Torelli, Italian stage designer, engineer and architect dies at 69
  • Aug 16 Andrew Marvell, English poet (Definition of Love), overdoses at 57
  • Aug 28 John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton, English soldier (b. 1602)
  • Oct 2 Wu San-kuei, gen, invited Manchus to China, dies trying to expel them
  • Oct 12 Edmund Berry Godfrey, English magistrate (b. 1621)
  • Oct 18 Cornelis Galle II, Flemish engraver/illustrator, dies at 63
  • Oct 18 Jacob Jordaens, Flemish baroque painter, dies at 85
  • Nov 1 William Coddington, first Governor of Rhode Island (b. 1601)
  • Nov 7 Erasmus Quellinus II, Flemish painter and etcher, dies at 70
  • Nov 20 Karel Dujardin, Dutch painter and etcher (Learned Dog), dies at about 56
  • Nov 30 Andries de Graeff, mayor of Amsterdam (1657..71), dies at 67