On This Day

1679 in History

Events in History

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 24 King Charles II disbands English parliament

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • Feb 5 German emperor Leopold I signs peace with France

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

Apr 3 Edmond Halley meets Johannes Hevelius in Danzig

Astronomer, Mathematician and Physicist Edmond Halley
Astronomer, Mathematician and Physicist
Edmond Halley
  • May 27 Habeaus Corpus Act (strengthening person's right to challenge unlawful arrest & imprisonment) passes in England
  • Jun 1 The Scottish Covenanters defeat John Graham of Claverhouse at the Battle of Drumclog
  • Jun 22 Battle at Bothwell Bridge on Clyde: Duke of Monmouth beats Scots
  • Jul 2 Europeans first visit Minnesota and see headwaters of Mississippi in an expedition led by Daniel Greysolon de Du Luth
  • Jul 12 Britain's King Charles II ratifies Habeas Corpus Act allowing prisoners right to be imprisoned to be examined by a court
  • Sep 18 New Hampshire becomes a county in Massachusetts Bay Colony
  • Oct 23 Meal Tub Plot against James Duke of York (future James II of England)
  • Nov 15 English House of Commons accepts Exclusion Bill
  • Dec 27 Dutch troops capture Madurees prince Trunudjojo in Java

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 24 Christian von Wolff, German philosopher
  • Jan 27 Jean-Francois de Troy, French painter
  • Mar 18 Matthew Decker, English merchant and writer (d. 1759)
  • May 14 Peder [Nielsen] Horrebow, Danish astronomer
  • Jun 1 Johan Runius, Swedish poet (Dudaim)
  • Aug 22 Pierre Guérin de Tencin, French cardinal, born in Grenoble, France (d. 1758)
  • Oct 18 Ann Putnam, Jr., American accuser in the Salem Witch Trials (d. 1716)
  • Oct 20 Samuel von Cocceji, German lawyer
  • Nov 11 Firmin Abauzit, French scholar and scientist, born in Uzès, Kingdom of France (d. 1767)
  • Nov 13 Thomas Philip Wallrad de Hénin-Liétard d'Alsace, Cardinal- Archbishop of Mechelen, Belgium (d. 1759)
  • Dec 10 Willem Maurits, Dutch count of Nassau and governor of Zeeuws-Flanders, born in The Hague (d. 1753)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 14 Jacques de Billy, French mathematician (b. 1602)
  • Feb 3 Jan Havicksz Steen, Dutch painter (St Nicolas Feast), dies at 53
  • Feb 5 Joost van den Vondel, Dutch poet and dramatist (Jephtha), dies at 91
  • Feb 23 Anne Conway, English philosopher, dies at 47
  • Mar 16 John Leverett, Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony (b. 1616)
  • Mar 26 Johannes Schefferus, Alsatian-born humanist (b. 1621)
  • Mar 27 Abraham Mignon, Dutch still life painter, dies at 38
  • Apr 17 John van Kessel, Flemish painter, dies at 53
  • Apr 18 Christian Hoffmann von Hoffmannswaldau, German poet, dies at 62
  • May 3 James Sharp, English archbishop (assassinated) (b. 1613)
  • May 26 Ferdinand Maria, Elector of Bavaria (1651-79), dies at 42
  • Jun 15 Guillaume Courtois, French painter (b. 1628)
  • Jul 8 Samuel J Columbus, Swedish poet (Odae Sveticae), dies
  • Jul 11 William Chamberlayne, English poet (b. 1619)
  • Aug 6 John Snell, British royalist, dies at 49 or 50
  • Aug 20 Jacob Alting, Dutch theologist, dies at 60
  • Aug 24 Jean François Paul de Gondi, cardinal de Retz, French churchman and agitator (b. 1614)
  • Sep 17 Juan Jose of Austrian, Spanish general/govenor of Netherlands, dies at 50
  • Sep 20 Cornelis Evertsen the Younger, Dutch vice admiral of Zealand, dies at 51
  • Oct 12 William Gurnall, English writer (b. 1617)
  • Oct 24 Barent Avercamp, Dutch landscape painter, dies at about 66
  • Oct 26 Roger Boyle, 1st Earl of Orrery, British soldier, statesman, and dramatist, dies at 58
  • Nov 30 Pieter van Schooten, Dutch mathematician/fort architect, dies at 45

Person of interestThomas Hobbes

Dec 4 Thomas Hobbes, English philosopher (Leviathan), dies of a stroke at 91

Philosopher Thomas Hobbes
Thomas Hobbes
  • Dec 17 Don Juan, ruler of Spain, dies
  • Dec 20 Johan Maurits, Prince of Nassau-Siegen (Maurits House), dies at 75
  • Dec 26 John van de Cappelle, Amsterdam landscape painter, dies at 53
  • Dec 31 Giovanni Alfonso Borelli, Italian physiologist and physicist (b. 1608)