On This Day

1680 in History

Events in History

  • Mar 22 Parliament of Breisach accepts French sovereignty over Elzas
  • Jul 8 The first confirmed tornado in America kills a servant at Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • Aug 10 In New Mexico, Popé leads rebellion of Pueblo Indians against Spaniards
  • Aug 21 Pueblo Indians takes possession of Santa Fé from Spanish
  • Sep 26 Tax revolt in Gorinchem due to tax on cereal
  • Nov 14 Gottfried Kirch discovers the Great Comet of 1680 (Kirch's Comet/Newton's Comet)
  • Dec 4 Hen in Rome lays a uniquely patterned egg, later believed to have predicted the arrival of the Kirch/Newton "Great Comet of 1680"
  • Dec 15 Tax revolt on Terschelling due to tax on cereal

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 3 Johann Baptist Zimmermann, German stucco worker
  • Feb 14 John Sidney, 6th Earl of Leicester, English privy councillor, born in Penshurst Place, Kent (d. 1737)
  • Apr 9 Philippe Néricault Destouches, French dramatist and author, born in Tours, France (d. 1754)
  • Jun 22 Ebenezer Erskine, Scottish religious dissenter (d. 1754)
  • Sep 22 Barthold Heinrich Brockes, German poet (d. 1747)
  • Oct 19 John Abernethy, Irish Protestant minister (d. 1740)

Deaths in History

  • Feb 17 Jan Swammerdam, Dutch anatomist and entomologist (Bible of Nature), dies at 43
  • Feb 17 Denzil Holles, 1st Baron Holles, English statesman and writer, dies at 81
  • Feb 22 Catherine Monvoisin, French sorceress (b. c.1640)
  • Mar 14 René Le Bossu, French critic (b. 1631)
  • Mar 17 François VI, duc de La Rochefoucauld, French writer of maxims and memoirs, dies at 66

Person of interestNicolas Fouquet

Mar 23 Nicolas Fouquet, French politician and Superintendent of Finances (1653-61) who became fabulously wealthy and later imprisoned for maladministration of state funds, dies in jail in Pinerolo at 65

Statesman and Superintendent of Finances Nicolas Fouquet
Statesman and Superintendent of Finances
Nicolas Fouquet
  • Apr 3 Shivaji Bhonsle [Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj], Indian warrior and founder of the Maratha Empire, dies of fever and dysentery around the age of 52
  • Apr 17 Kateri Tekakwitha [Lily of the Mohawks], first Native American saint (b. 1656)
  • May 31 Joachim Neander, German clergyman (b. 1650)
  • Jun 10 Johan Göransson Gyllenstierna, Swedish statesman (b. 1635)
  • Jul 10 Louis Moréri, French encyclopedist (b. 1643)
  • Jul 26 John Wilmot, 2nd Earl of Rochester, poet/courtier, dies
  • Jul 30 Thomas Butler, Earl of Ossory, Irish naval commander (b. 1634)
  • Aug 19 Jean Eudes, French catholic priest, founder of the Eudists (b. 1601)
  • Aug 20 William Bedloe, English fraudster and Popish Plot informer, dies at 30
  • Aug 22 Johann Georg II, Elector of Saxony (1656-80), dies at 67
  • Aug 24 Ferdinand Bulb, Dutch painter/etcher, buried
  • Aug 24 Thomas Blood, Irish-born thief of the British crown jewels (b. 1618)
  • Sep 2 Per Brahe, Swedish soldier and statesman (b. 1602)
  • Sep 9 Henry Marten, English regicide (b. 1602)
  • Sep 11 Emperor Go-Mizunoo, 108th Emperor of Japan, dies at 84
  • Sep 11 Roger Crab, English Puritan political writer (b. 1621)
  • Sep 25 Samuel Butler, poet/satirist, dies
  • Oct 4 Pierre-Paul Riquet, French engineer
  • Oct 8 Elisabeth, abbess, dies at 61
  • Oct 13 Daniel Elsevier, Dutch book publisher, dies at 54
  • Oct 16 Raimondo Montecuccoli, Italian-Austrian general (b. 1608 or 1609)
  • Oct 30 Antoinette Bourignon, Flemish mystic (b. 1616)
  • Nov 5 Gillis Valckenier, mayor of Amsterdam (1665..80), dies at about 57
  • Nov 27 Athanasius Kircher, German Jesuit priest and inventor (magic lantern), dies at 79

Person of interestGian Lorenzo Bernini

Nov 28 Gian Lorenzo [Giovanni] Bernini, Italian baroque sculptor, painter and architect (St. Peter's Baldachin), dies at 81

Baroque Sculptor Gian Lorenzo Bernini
Baroque Sculptor
Gian Lorenzo Bernini
  • Dec 4 Thomas Bartholin, Danish physician, mathematician, and theologian (b. 1616)
  • Dec 8 Henry Pierrepont, 1st Marquess of Dorchester, English politician (b. 1606)