On This Day

1681 in History

Events in History

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 4 English Quaker William Penn receives charter from Charles II, making him sole proprietor of colonial American territory Pennsylvania

English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania William Penn
English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania
William Penn
King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • Mar 21 3rd Exclusion Parliament meets in London
  • Jul 2 Earl of Shaftesbury arrested for high treason
  • Sep 30 Netherlands & Sweden sign treaty
  • Oct 24 Earl of Shaftesbury accused of high treason in London
  • Nov 9 Hungarian parliament promises protestants freedom of religion

Birthdays in History

  • Mar 30 Pieter Snyers, Flemish painter/engraver
  • Jun 18 Feofan Prokopovich, Russian Orthodox theologian and Archbishop of Novgorod, born in Kiev, Ukraine, Russian Empire (d. 1736)
  • Jun 26 Hedvig Sophia, Duchess of Holstein-Gottorp, born in Three Crowns Castle, Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1708)
  • Aug 5 Vitus Bering, Danish explorer of Bering Strait and coast of Alaska, born in Horsens, Denmark (d. 1741)
  • Sep 11 Johann Gottlieb Heineccius, German jurist, born in Eisenberg, Germany (d. 1741)
  • Nov 17 Pierre François le Courayer, French theologian (d. 1776)
  • Nov 28 Jean Cavalier, French Huguenot chief of the Camisards, born in Ribaute, France (d. 1740)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 28 Richard Allestree, English royalist churchman (b. 1619)
  • Mar 12 Frans van Mieris the Elder, Dutch painter, dies at 45
  • May 25 Pedro Calderón de la Barca, Spanish dramatist, poet and writer of the Spanish Golden Age, dies at 81
  • Jun 9 William Lilly, English astrologer (Christian Astrology), dies at 79
  • Jul 1 Oliver Plunkett, Catholic Archbishop of Armagh and last Catholic martyr (later beatified) to die in England, hanged, drawn and quartered for treason at Tyburn at 55
  • Jul 5 Fjodor Aleksejevitsj, tsar of Russia, dies
  • Jul 25 Urian Oakes, English-born President of Harvard University (b. 1631)
  • Aug 17 Nikon [Nikita Minin], patriarch of Russian-orthodox church, dies at 76
  • Oct 7 Nicolaas Heinsius, Dutch philological/diplomat, dies at 61
  • Dec 8 Gerard Terborch, the Younger, Dutch painter/etcher, dies
  • Dec 22 Richard Alleine, English Puritan clergyman (b. 1611)