On This Day

1683 in History

Events in History

  • Mar 31 Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I and King John III Sobieski of Poland sign a covenant against Turkey, beginning of the Holy League
  • May 21 West Indian Company sells 1/3 of Suriname
  • Jun 6 The Ashmolean Museum in Oxford, England, opens as the world's first university museum

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 12 Rye house plot against English King Charles II uncovered

English Politician John Trenchard
English Politician
John Trenchard
King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II

AgreementTreaty of Interest

Jun 23 William Penn signs friendship treaty with Lenni Lenape indians in Pennsylvania; only treaty "not sworn to, nor broken"

English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania William Penn
English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania
William Penn
  • Jul 16 Turkish troops under Kara Mustafa reach Vienna
  • Jul 16 Manchu/Chinese Qing Dynasty naval forces under commander Shi Lang defeat the Kingdom of Tungning in the Battle of Penghu near the Pescadores Islands.
  • Jul 24 1st settlers from Germany to US, leave aboard Concord
  • Sep 3 Turkish troops break through defense of Vienna
  • Sep 6 Le Plecta appointed French minister of Finance
  • Sep 9 Expelled Polish & Lotharings reach Wienerwald
  • Sep 12 Austro-Ottoman War: Battle of Vienna - several European armies join forces to defeat the Ottoman Empire
  • Sep 15 Germantown in Pennsylvania is founded by 13 immigrant families
  • Sep 17 Dutch scientist Antonie van Leeuwenhoek is the first to report the existence of bacteria

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 24 King Louis XIV expels all Jews from French possessions in America

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV
  • Oct 3 The Qing Dynasty naval commander Shi Lang reaches Taiwan (under the Kingdom of Tungning) to receive the formal surrender of Zheng Keshuang and Liu Guoxuan after the Battle of Penghu.
  • Oct 6 13 Mennonite families from Germany found Germantown, Philadelphia
  • Nov 1 The English crown colony of New York is subdivided into 12 counties.
  • Nov 22 Purcell's "Welcome to All the Pleasures" premieres in London
  • Dec 25 English Whig leader Duke of Monmouth flees to Holland

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 17 Gerard van Loon, Dutch historian
  • Feb 28 René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur, French scientist (d. 1757)
  • Mar 1 Caroline of Brandenburg-Ansbach, wife of King George II of Great Britain, born in Ansbach, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1737)
  • Mar 1 Tsangyang Gyatso, 6th Dalai Lama (1697-1706), born at Urgelling Monastery (d. 1706)
  • Mar 13 John Theophilus Desaguliers, French-British natural philosopher and freemason, born in La Rochelle, France (d. 1744)
  • Apr 3 Mark Catesby, English naturalist (Natural History of Carolina, Florida and the Bahama Islands) (d. 1749)
  • Jun 23 Etienne Fourmont, French orientalist (d. 1745)
  • Jul 3 Edward Young, English poet (Revenge, Complaint), born in Upham, Winchester, England (d. 1765)
  • Jul 25 Pieter Langendijk, Dutch painter, etcher and playwright (Wiskunstenaars), born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1756)
  • Sep 7 Maria Anna of Austria, Archduchess of Austria and Queen consort of Portugal, born in Linz, Austria (d. 1754)
  • Oct 25 Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Grafton, British politician, born in London (d. 1757)

Person of interestGeorge II

Nov 10 George II [Georg August], King of Great Britain and Ireland, Elector of Hanover, born in Herrenhausen Palace, Germany (d. 1760)

King of Great Britain and Ireland George II
King of Great Britain and Ireland
George II
  • Nov 30 Ludwig Andreas Graf Khevenhüller, Austrian field marshal, born in Linz, Austria (d. 1744)
  • Dec 19 Philip V, King of Spain (1700-24, 1724-46), born in Versailles, France (d. 1746)
  • Dec 27 Conyers Middleton, English minister (d. 1750)

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

Jul 28 Anne Stuart, later the British Queen Anne, marries Prince George of Denmark at the Chapel Royal

Queen of England Anne Stuart
Queen of England
Anne Stuart
  • Nov 16 Hendrik Casimir II of Nassau-Dietz marries Henriette Amalia

Deaths in History

  • Jan 15 Philip Warwick, English writer and politician (b. 1609)
  • Jan 21 Anthony Ashley Cooper, 1st earl of Shaftesbury, dies at 61
  • Feb 18 Nicolaes Pietersz Berchem, Dutch landscape painter and etcher, dies at 62
  • Mar 19 Thomas Killigrew, English dramatist (b. 1612)
  • Mar 29 Yaoya Oshichi, a young girl burned at the stake for arson in 17th Century Japan (b. 1667)
  • May 2 Stjepan Gradić, Croatian philosopher and scientist (b. 1613)
  • Jul 10 François-Eudes de Mézeray, French historian (b. 1610)
  • Jul 13 Arthur Capell, 1st Earl of Essex, English statesman (b. 1631)
  • Jul 21 Lord William Russell, English politician and plotter against Charles II, beheaded at 43

Person of interestMaria Theresa of Spain

Jul 30 Maria Theresa of Spain, queen of Louis XIV of France, dies at 44

Queen of Louis XIV Maria Theresa of Spain
Queen of Louis XIV
Maria Theresa of Spain
  • Aug 24 John Owen, English non-conformist theologian (b. 1616)
  • Sep 5 Jean-Baptiste Colbert, French Minister of Navy, dies at 64
  • Sep 9 Algernon Sidney, English Whig politician/plotter, beheaded
  • Sep 12 Afonso VI, mentally ill King of Portugal (1656-67), dies at 40
  • Dec 7 John Oldham, English satirical poet, dies of smallpox at 30
  • Dec 15 Izaak Walton, English biographer and author (The Compleat Angler), dies at 90
  • Dec 25 Kara Mustafa Pasha Turkish grand-vizier (1676-83) and Ottoman general, executed. (b. 1634)