On This Day

1685 in History

Events in History

  • Feb 6 Duke of York becomes King James II of England and VII of Scotland upon the death of his brother Charles II
  • Feb 18 Fort St. Louis is established by a Frenchman at Matagorda Bay thus forming the basis for France's claim to Texas.
  • Jun 11 James Scott, Duke of Monmouth, rebels against Catholic king James II
  • Jul 6 Battle at Sedgemoor: King James II beats Duke of Monmouth

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 18 French King Louis XIV revokes Edict of Nantes cancelling rights of French Protestants

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV
  • Dec 3 Charles II bars Jews from settling in Stockholm, Sweden
  • Dec 30 Don Francisco de Agurto installed as land guardian of Southern Netherlands

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 7 Gerard George Clifford, Dutch director of East India Company
  • Jan 7 Jonas Alströmer, Swedish industrialist (d. 1761)
  • Jan 18 Tiberius Hemsterhuis, Dutch Classical prof, baptized
  • Feb 8 Charles-Jean-François Hénault, French historian (d. 1770)
  • Feb 10 Aaron Hill, English playwright/poet (Tragedy of Zara)
  • Mar 12 George Berkeley, Irish philosopher/bishop of Cloyne
  • Mar 17 Jean-Marc Nattier, French portrait painter
  • Mar 18 Ralph Ersine, Scottish minister (d. 1752)
  • Jun 3 Cornelis Hop, Amsterdam regent/diplomat
  • Jun 30 Dominikus Zimmermann, Bavarian Baroque architect and painter (Liebfrauenkirche), born in Gaispoint, Germany (d. 1766)
  • Jul 3 Sir Robert Rich, 4th Baronet, British cavalry officer, born in Roos Hall, Beccles, England (d. 1768)
  • Aug 18 Brook Taylor, English mathematician, discoverer of Taylor's Theorem, born in Edmonton, Middlesex, England (d. 1731)

Person of interestCharles VI

Oct 1 Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor (1711-40), born in Hofburg Palace, Vienna (d. 1740)

Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles VI
  • Nov 17 Pierre Gaultier, French-Canadian trader and explorer (d. 1749)
  • Dec 6 Marie-Adélaïde of Savoy, mother of Louis XV of France, born in Royal Palace, Turin, Savoy (d. 1712)
  • Dec 17 Thomas Tickell, English writer and poet, born in Bridekirk, Cockermouth, England (d. 1740)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 2 Harbottle Grimston, English politician, dies at 82

Person of interestCharles II

Feb 6 Charles II, King of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1660-85), dies at 54

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • Feb 11 David Teniers III, Flemish painter, dies at 46
  • Feb 24 Charles Howard, 1st Earl of Carlisle, English politician and military leader (b. 1629)
  • Mar 22 Emperor Go-Sai of Japan (b. 1638)
  • May 2 Adriaen van Ostade, Dutch painter, buried
  • May 15 Henri Otto, Spanish marquis of Caretto/Savona/Grana, dies
  • May 26 Charles II, Elector Palatine (b. 1651)
  • May 28 Pieter de la Court, economist/historian, dies at about 67
  • Jun 30 Archibald Campbell, Scottish politician, beheaded at about 55
  • Jul 15 James Scott, Duke of Monmouth, bastard son of English king Charles II, executed at 36
  • Jul 28 Henry Bennet, 1st Earl of Arlington, English statesman (b. 1618)
  • Aug 8 Sassoferrato [Giovanni B Salvi], Italian painter (Madonna), dies at 75
  • Sep 1 Leoline Jenkins, Welsh lawyer (b. 1625)
  • Oct 12 Geeraerdt Burns, theologist/poet/historian, dies at 59
  • Oct 12 Christoph Ignaz Abele, Austrian jurist (b. 1628)
  • Oct 12 Gerard Brandt, Dutch theologist, poet and historian, dies at 59
  • Oct 30 Michel le Tellier, French statesman (b. 1603)
  • Dec 12 John Pell, English mathematician (b. 1610)