1686 in History

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Events in History

  • Apr 4 English King James II publishes Declaration of Indulgence
  • May 4 Municipality of Ilagan is founded in the Philippines
  • Jul 9 Germany, Sweden and Spain sign anti-French League of Augsburg
  • Jul 17 A meeting takes place at Lüneburg between several Protestant powers in order to discuss the formation of an 'evangelical' league of defense, called the 'Confederatio Militiae Evangelicae', against the Catholic League.
  • Jul 22 City of Albany, NY chartered
  • Aug 18 Giovanni Cassini reports seeing a satellite orbiting Venus
  • Sep 2 Habsburg armies take Buda from Turks
  • Nov 18 Charles Francois Felix operates on King Louis XIV of France's anal fistula after practising the surgery on several peasants.
  • Dec 19 Robinson Crusoe leaves his island after 28 years (as per Daniel Defoe)

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 17 Archibald Bower, Scottish historian (d. 1766)
  • Jan 19 Hakuin Ekakuborn, Japan, Zen Buddhist
  • Jan 31 Hans Egede, Norwegian Lutheran missionary (d. 1758)
  • Feb 10 Johann F Gronovius, Dutch physician/botany
  • Apr 9 James Craggs the Younger, English politician, born in Westminster, London (d. 1721)
  • Apr 19 Vasily Tatishchev, Russian statesman (d. 1750)
  • Apr 28 Michael Brokoff, Czech sculptor, born in Klášterec nad Ohří, Czech Republic (d. 1721)
  • Apr 29 Peregrine Bertie, 2nd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, English statesman (d. 1742)

Person of interestDaniel Gabriel Fahrenheit

May 24 Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit, Dutch-German-Polish physicist, inventor, and scientific instrument maker, who invented the thermometer and the Fahrenheit scale, born in Danzig, Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth (d. 1736)

Inventor and Physicist Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit
Inventor and Physicist
Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit
  • Jun 9 Andrei Osterman, Russian statesman (d. 1747)
  • Jul 6 Antoine de Jussieu, French naturalist (d. 1758)
  • Aug 12 John Balguy, English philosopher (d. 1748)
  • Aug 19 Eustace Budgell, English writer (d. 1737)
  • Oct 15 Allan Ramsay, Scottish poet (d. 1758)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 21 Nicolas-Francois Blondel, French architect, dies
  • Jan 31 Jean Mairet, French dramatist (b. 1604)
  • Feb 8 Francois Tak, Dutch diplomat on Java, murdered
  • Feb 10 William Dugdale, English antiquarian and Garter King of Arms (1677-86), dies at 80
  • Feb 24 Ferdinando Tacca, Italian painter/son of Pietro Tacca, dies at 66
  • Feb 26 Godefroi L Comte d'Estrades, French diplomat/marshal, dies at about 78
  • Apr 6 Arthur Annesley, 1st Earl of Anglesey, English royalist statesman, dies at 71
  • Apr 19 Antonio de Solís y Ribadeneyra, Spanish writer (b. 1610)
  • May 21 Otto von Guericke, German scientist, inventor, and politician, dies at 83
  • Jun 6 Joannes B van Neercassel, RC spiritual leader of Neth, dies at 60
  • Jun 23 William Coventry, English statesman
  • Jun 25 Simon Ushakov, Russian painter (b. 1626)
  • Jul 10 Ercole Ferrata, Italian sculptor/restauranteur, dies at 76
  • Jul 10 John Fell, English churchman (b. 1625)
  • Jul 11 Michel Anguier, French sculptor, dies at 75
  • Jul 16 John Pearson, English theologian (b. 1612)
  • Aug 13 Louis Maimbourg, French-born historian (b. 1610)
  • Oct 8 Adriaen Paets, Rotterdams regent/diplomat, dies at about 55
  • Oct 26 John Egerton, 2nd Earl of Bridgewater, English politician (b. 1623)
  • Nov 25 Nicolas Steno, Danish geologist (b. 1638)
  • Dec 11 Louis II Condé, Duke of Bourbon (Rocroy), dies at 65