On This Day

1688 in History

Events in History

  • Feb 18 Quakers conduct 1st formal protest of slavery in Germantown, Pa
  • Apr 18 "Germantown Quaker Petition Against Slavery": Francis Daniel Pastorius authors 1st formal written protest against African-American slavery in English colonies in Germantown, Pennsylvania

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 30 Whig Lords questions prince William III of Orange on Protestantism

King of England William III
King of England
William III
  • Jul 19 Soldiers killed governor of Aerssen in Paramaribo
  • Sep 6 Austrian armies occupy Belgrade
  • Sep 20 French troops occupies Palts
  • Sep 24 France declares war on Germany
  • Oct 1 Prince Willem III of Orange accepts invitation of take up the British crown
  • Oct 27 King James II dismisses premier Robert Spencer
  • Nov 11 Prince Willem III's invasion fleet sails to England
  • Nov 15 Prince Willem III's army lands at Torbay, England; the 'Glorious Revolution' commences
  • Nov 24 General strategist John Churchill meets William III
  • Nov 26 Duke of Savoye signs on to League of Augsburg

BattleDeclaration of War

Nov 26 French King Louis XIV declares war on Netherlands

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV
  • Nov 26 King James II escapes back to London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 4 General John Churchill (later 1st Duke of Marlborough) changes allegiance from James II to William of Orange

  • Dec 9 King James II's wife & son flee England for France
  • Dec 10 King James II flees London
  • Dec 11 King James II captured in Kent.
  • Dec 15 Lord Delamere sides with King James II [NS 12/25]
  • Dec 19 King James II's wife & son flee to France
  • Dec 20 Prince William of Orange's troops arrive in London
  • Dec 22 Pro-James II, Earl of Danby occupies York
  • Dec 23 King James II, the last Roman Catholic British monarch flees to France from William of Orange
  • Dec 25 British King James II lands in Ambleteuse, France
  • Dec 25 Lord Delamere sides with King James II
  • Dec 31 Pro-James II-earl of Devonshire occupies Nottingham [OS=Dec 21]

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 18 Lionel Sackville, 1st Duke of Dorset, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, born in Dorset, United Kingdom (d. 1765)
  • Jan 23 Ulrika Eleonora, Queen of Sweden, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1741)
  • Jan 25 Juraj Jánošík, Slovak highwayman, born in Terchová, Slovakia (d. 1713)
  • Jan 28 Jan Maurits Quinkhard, Dutch portrait painter
  • Jan 29 Emmanuel Swedenborg, Swedish religious leader (Angelic Wisdom)
  • Feb 4 Pierre De Marivaux, writer (Marianne), born in Paris, France

Person of interestMaria Louise van Hessen-Kassel

Feb 7 Maria Louise van Hessen-Kassel [Marijke Meu], Princess of Orange and ancestor of all currently reigning monarchs in Europe, born in Kassel (d. 1765)

Princess of Orange Maria Louise van Hessen-Kassel
Princess of Orange
Maria Louise van Hessen-Kassel
  • Apr 4 Joseph-Nicolas Delisle, French astronomer and cartographer, born in Paris (d. 1768)

Person of interestAlexander Pope

May 21 Alexander Pope, English poet (Rape of the Lock, translation of Homer) (d. 1744), born in London, England

  • Jun 10 James Francis Edward Stuart "The old Pretender", Jacobite claimant to the thrones of England and Scotland after the death of his father James II, born in St James's Palace, London, Kingdom of England (d. 1766)
  • Jul 19 Giuseppe Castiglione, Italian Jesuit brother and missionary to China, born in Milan, Italy (d. 1766)
  • Aug 14 Frederik Willem I, King of Prussia (bodyguard of giants), born in Berlin, Prussia (d. 1740)
  • Sep 5 Lukas Fencer, Dutch poet (Fight of Kings & Mice)
  • Sep 12 Ferdinand Brokoff, Czech sculptor and carver of the Baroque era, born in Chomutov, Czech Republic (d. 1731)
  • Sep 17 Maria Luisa of Savoy, Queen consort of Spain to Philip V (1701-14), born in Royal Palace of Turin, Savoy (d. 1714)
  • Sep 26 Willem 's-Gravesande, Dutch mathematician and physicist, born in s-Hertogenbosch, Duchy of Brabant (d. 1742)
  • Oct 19 William Cheselden, English surgeon and anatomist (d. 1752)
  • Oct 22 Nader Shah, Iranian ruler (1736-47) and founder of Afsharid Dynasty of Persia, born in Kobhan, Iran (d. 1747)
  • Nov 15 Louis Bertrand Castel, French mathematician, born in Montpellier, France (d. 1757)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 27 Empress Dowager Xiaozhuang, Empress of Manchu (1643-62), dies at 74
  • Feb 2 Abraham Duquesne, French naval officer (b. 1610)
  • Feb 17 Rev James Renwick, hanged in Scotland for being a Presbyterian
  • Mar 9 Claude Mellan, French engraver, cartoonist and painter, dies at 89
  • May 9 Frederick William, Great Elector of Brandenburg, dies at 68
  • May 14 Antoine Furetière, French writer (b. 1619)
  • May 22 Johannes Andreas Quenstedt, German Lutheran theologian, dies at 70
  • Jun 3 Maximilian Henry of Bayern, Archbishop-Elector of Cologne, Bishop of Hildesheim and Bishop of Liège, dies at 66
  • Jun 5 Constantine Phaulkon, Greek adventurer who served as advisor to King Narai of Ayutthaya (Siam), decapitated and disemboweled for high treason (b. 1647)
  • Jun 8 Hans Bontemantel, Amsterdams merchant, buried
  • Jun 26 Ralph Cudworth, philosopher/cleric, dies
  • Jul 11 King Narai 'the Great' of the Ayutthaya Kingdom (Siam) (1656-88), dies at 55
  • Jul 19 Cornelis van Aerssen, Dutch governor of Suriname (1683-88), murdered at 50
  • Jul 21 James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormonde, English statesman and soldier (b. 1610)

Person of interestHenry Morgan

Aug 25 Henry Morgan, Welsh pirate and privateer who raided Spanish settlements and shipping, dies at 53

Pirate Henry Morgan
Henry Morgan

Person of interestJohn Bunyan

Aug 31 John Bunyan, English minister and author (The Pilgrim's Progress), dies at 59

Author John Bunyan
John Bunyan
  • Sep 2 Robert Viner, Lord Mayor of London (b. 1631)
  • Oct 4 Philips Koninck, Dutch landscape painter, dies at 68
  • Oct 6 Christopher Monck, 2nd Duke of Albemarle, English statesman, dies at 35
  • Oct 9 Claude Perrault, French Architect and Physician, dies at 75
  • Oct 23 Charles du Fresne, sieur du Cange, French philologist (b. 1610)
  • Nov 26 Philippe Quinault, French playwright (L'amant Indiscreet), dies at 53
  • Dec 15 Gaspar Fagel, lawyer/Neth grand pensionary (1672-88), dies at 54