On This Day

1689 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 Pro-James II-earl of Danby occupies York
  • Jan 22 Lord Halifax becomes Speaker of English House of Lords

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 22 Prince William of Orange (future King William III of Britain), summons Convention Parliament to discuss ruling jointly with his wife Mary (daughter of exiled King James II)

King of England William III
King of England
William III

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 26 Jean Racine's "Esther" premieres in Saint-Cyr

Dramatist and Playwright Jean Racine
Dramatist and Playwright
Jean Racine
  • Jan 28 English parliament resolves that the throne is vacant
  • Feb 13 Parliament of England adopts the Bill of Rights which establishes the rights of parliament and places limits on the crown
  • Feb 14 English parliament places Mary Stuart and Prince William III on the throne
  • Feb 23 Dutch prince William III proclaimed King of England
  • Mar 9 Thomas Shadwell appointed second English Poet Laureate by William and Mary after John Dryden refuses to swear The Oath allegiance
  • Mar 12 Former English King James II lands in Ireland
  • Mar 14 Scotland dismisses William III & Mary Stuart as king & queen
  • Mar 16 The 23rd Regiment of Foot or Royal Welch Fusiliers is founded. In 2004 it merged with the Royal Regiment of Wales to form the Royal Welsh Regiment.
  • Apr 11 King William III and Queen Mary II crowned as joint rulers of England, Scotland and Ireland

BattleDeclaration of War

Apr 15 French King Louis XIV declares war on Spain

The Sun King of France Louis XIV
The Sun King of France
Louis XIV
  • Apr 20 The former King James II of England, now deposed, lays siege to Derry
  • Apr 21 William III & Mary Stuart proclaimed King & Queen of England

  • May 9 English King William III declares war on France
  • May 11 Battle of Bantry Bay, French & English naval battle
  • May 12 England & Netherlands form League of Augsburg
  • May 24 English Parliament guarantees freedom of religion for Protestants
  • May 27 Anthonie Heinsius succeeds G Fagel as Grand Pensionary of Holland
  • Jul 1 Matsuo Basho, zen poet, leaves for 150 days journey on Honshu, Japan
  • Jul 27 Battle of Killicrankie: Jacobite Scottish Highlanders under Viscount Dundee defeat royalist force under General MacKay
  • Aug 5 1,500 Iroquois attack the village of Lachine, in New France
  • Aug 21 Battle of Dunkeld fought in Scotland between supporters of King James VII of Scotland and troops of William of Orange
  • Aug 25 Battle at Charleroi: Spanish & English armies chase French
  • Aug 25 Montreal taken by Iroquois
  • Aug 27 The Treaty of Nerchinsk is signed by Russia and the Qing empire
  • Sep 8 China & Russia signs Treaty of Nertsjinsk (Nierchul)
  • Oct 6 Pietro Ottoboni replaces Pope Innocent XI as Alexander VIII
  • Dec 3 First recorded successful separation of conjoined twins Elisabet and Catherina Meijerin, completed by Swiss surgeon Johannes Fatio in Basel [1]
  • Dec 16 English Parliament passes Bill of Rights establishing limits on crown powers and requirement for regular elections
  • Dec 22 Heavy earthquake strikes Innsbruck, Austria

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 18 Charles de Montesquieu, French philosopher/writer (Letters Persanes)
  • Jan 29 Hubert K Poot, Dutch poet
  • May 15 Mary Wortley Montagu, English essayist, feminist, eccentric (baptism 26 May)
  • May 24 Daniel Finch, 8th Earl of Winchilsea, English politician (d. 1769)
  • Jun 26 Edward Holyoke, American academic and 9th President of Harvard University, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1769)
  • Jul 9 Alexis Piron, French dramatist (La Métromanie), born in Dijon, France (d. 1773)
  • Aug 19 Samuel Richardson, English novelist (Pamela), born in Mackworth, Derbyshire, England (d. 1761)
  • Sep 1 Kilian I von Dientzenhofer, Bavarian master builder (Prague)
  • Oct 22 John V, King of Portugal (1706-50), born in Ribeira Palace, Lisbon (d. 1750)
  • Dec 24 Frans van Mieris the Younger, Dutch painter & historian, born in Leiden, Netherlands (d. 1763)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 6 Seth Ward, English mathematician and astronomer (b. 1617)
  • Feb 12 Marie Louise D'Orleans, Queen consort of Spain as the first wife of King Charles II of Spain, dies at 26
  • Feb 21 Isaacus Vossius, Dutch [Isaac Vos], librarian, dies
  • Mar 18 John Dixwell, English judge (b. 1607)
  • Apr 16 Aphra Behn, English dramatist and novelist, dies at 48
  • Apr 18 George Jeffreys, 1st Baron Jeffreys, Welsh judge, dies at 43
  • Apr 19 Christina, Queen of Sweden who abdicated after becoming Catholic (1644-54), dies at 62
  • Jul 8 Edward Wooster, English Connecticut pioneer (b. 1622)
  • Jul 27 John Graham, of Claverhouse, 1st viscount Dundee/soldier, fatally wounded at the Battle of Killiecrankie at 41
  • Aug 12 Innocent XI [Benedetto Odescalchi], Italian, Pope (1676-89), dies at 78
  • Aug 21 William Cleland, Scottish poet and soldier
  • Aug 28 Claude-Jean Allouez, French Jesuit missionary and explorer, dies at 67
  • Nov 13 Philipp von Zesen, German poet and historian (Bescheibung of Amsterdam), dies at 70
  • Nov 26 Marquard Gude, German archaeologist and classical scholar famous for his collection of Greek and Latin inscriptions, dies at 54
  • Dec 29 Olfert Dapper, Amsterdam historian/geographer, buried
  • Dec 29 Thomas Sydenham, English physician and author of "Observationes Medicae", dies at 65