Year 1691 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 18 English King William III travels to The Hague
  • Feb 17 Thomas Neale granted English patent for American postal service
  • Apr 9 French troops occupy Mons
  • Jun 12 Pope Innocent XII succeeds Alexander VIII
  • Jun 28 Siege of Cuneo ends in a French defeat and a loss of 700–800 troops after Imperial cavalry arrives to relieve forces led by Duke of Savoy Victor Amadeus II (Nine Years' War)
  • Jul 12 Antonio Pignatelli elected as Pope Innocentius XII
  • Jul 12 Battle of Aughrim (Aghrim) Ireland, William III beats James II
  • Jul 22 Battle at Aghrim: English/Dutch army beats France
  • Aug 16 Yorktown, Virginia founded
  • Aug 19 Battle at Slankamen: "the Bloodiest battle of the Century" Austrian Hapsburg force defeats Ottoman army, killing Grand Vizer Köprülü Fazıl Mustafa Pasha
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Historical Figures Born in 1691

  • Feb 27 Edward Cave, English editor and publisher (d. 1754)
  • Apr 9 Johann Matthias Gesner, German classical scholar, born in Roth, Bavaria, Germany (d. 1761)
  • Jun 17 Giovanni Paolo Pannini, Italian painter and architect, born in Piacenza, Duchy of Parma, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1765)
  • Aug 25 Alessandro Galilei, Italian architect (Cappella Corsini), born in Florence, Italy (d. 1736)
  • Aug 28 Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Holy Roman Empire Empress, born in Braunschweig, Germany (d. 1750)

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Historical Figures Who Died in 1691

  • Jan 13 George Fox, founder of Quakers, dies at 66
  • Feb 1 Alexander VIII [Pietro Ottoboni], Italian Pope (1689-91), dies at 80
  • Feb 1 George Etherege, English stage writer (Love in a Tub), dies at 56
  • Apr 3 Jean Petitot, Swiss enamel painter (b. 1608)
  • May 10 Colonel John Birch, English soldier (b. 1615)

More Deaths in History