On This Day

1691 in History

Events in History


Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 18 English King William III travels to The Hague

King of England William III
King of England
William III
  • Feb 17 Thomas Neale granted English patent for American postal service
  • Apr 9 French troops occupy Mons
  • Jun 12 Pope Innocent XII succeeds Alexander VIII
  • Jul 12 Antonio Pignatelli elected as Pope Innocentius XII
  • Jul 12 Battle of Aughrim (Aghrim) Ireland, William III beats James II
  • Jul 22 Battle at Aghrim: English/Dutch army beats France
  • Aug 16 Yorktown, Virginia founded
  • Aug 19 Battle at Szalankemen: Austrians beat Turks
  • Sep 17 Massachusetts Bay Colony granted new charter
  • Oct 3 English & Dutch army occupies Limerick Ireland
  • Oct 17 New royal charter for Massachusetts, now including Maine, Plymouth
  • Dec 4 Emperor Leopold I takes control of Transsylvania
  • Dec 4 Spanish king Carlos II names Maximilian II viceroy of Southern Netherlands

Birthdays in History

  • Feb 27 Edward Cave, English editor and publisher (d. 1754)
  • Apr 9 Johann Matthias Gesner, German classical scholar, born in Roth, Bavaria, Germany (d. 1761)
  • Jun 17 Giovanni Paolo Pannini, Italian painter and architect, born in Piacenza, Duchy of Parma, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1765)
  • Aug 25 Alessandro Galilei, Italian architect (Cappella Corsini), born in Florence, Italy (d. 1736)
  • Aug 28 Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Holy Roman Empire Empress, born in Braunschweig, Germany (d. 1750)
  • Sep 29 Richard Challoner, English Catholic prelate (d. 1781)
  • Oct 1 Arthur Onslow, English politician (Speaker of the House of Commons 1728-61), born in Kensington, London (d. 1768)
  • Oct 28 Peter Tordenskjold, Norwegian naval hero, born in Trondheim, Denmark-Norway (d. 1720)
  • Dec 10 Cornelis Pronk, Dutch portrait painter and cartoonist, born in Amsterdam (d. 1759)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 13 George Fox, founder of Quakers, dies at 66
  • Feb 1 Alexander VIII [Pietro Ottoboni], Italian Pope (1689-91), dies at 80
  • Feb 1 George Etherege, English stage writer (Love in a Tub), dies at 56
  • Apr 3 Jean Petitot, Swiss enamel painter (b. 1608)
  • May 10 Colonel John Birch, English soldier (b. 1615)
  • May 16 Jacob Leisler, becomes 1st American colonist hanged for treason
  • May 23 Adrien Auzout, French astronomer (b. 1622)
  • May 29 Cornelis Tromp, Dutch naval officer and son of Maarten Tromp, dies at 61
  • Jul 16 Francois Michel le Tellier, French statesman (Marquis de Louvois), dies at 82
  • Jul 30 Daniel Georg Morhof, German writer and scholar (b. 1639)
  • Aug 14 Richard Talbot, 1st Earl of Tyrconnel, Irish rebel (b. 1630)
  • Aug 19 Mustafa Koprulu, Turkish grand vizer, dies in battle
  • Sep 12 Johann Georg III, Elector of Saxony (1680-91), dies at 44
  • Oct 9 William Sacheverell, English statesman (b. 1638)
  • Oct 10 Isaac de Benserade, French poet, dies at 77
  • Nov 14 Tosa Mitsuoki, Japanese painter (b. 1617)
  • Nov 15 Albert Cuyp, landscape painter, buried at 71
  • Dec 8 Richard Baxter, English clergyman (b. 1615)
  • Dec 30 Robert Boyle, Irish scientist (b. 1627)
  • Dec 31 Dudley North, English economist (b. 1641)