On This Day

1691 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 18 English King William III travels to The Hague
  • Feb 17 Thomas Neale granted English patent for American postal service
  • Apr 9 French troops occupy Mons
  • Jun 12 Pope Innocent XII succeeds Alexander VIII
  • Jul 12 Antonio Pignatelli elected as Pope Innocentius XII
  • Jul 12 Battle of Aughrim (Aghrim) Ireland, William III beats James II
  • Jul 22 Battle at Aghrim: English/Dutch army beats France
  • Aug 16 Yorktown, Virginia founded
  • Aug 19 Battle at Szalankemen: Austrians beat Turks
  • Sep 17 Massachusetts Bay Colony granted new charter
  • Oct 3 English & Dutch army occupies Limerick Ireland
  • Oct 17 New royal charter for Massachusetts, now including Maine, Plymouth
  • Dec 4 Emperor Leopold I takes control of Transsylvania
  • Dec 4 Spanish king Carlos II names Maximilian II viceroy of Southern Netherlands

Birthdays in History

  • Feb 27 Edward Cave, English editor and publisher (d. 1754)
  • Apr 9 Johann Matthias Gesner, German classical scholar, born in Roth, Bavaria, Germany (d. 1761)
  • Jun 17 Giovanni Paolo Pannini, Italian painter and architect, born in Piacenza, Duchy of Parma, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1765)
  • Aug 25 Alessandro Galilei, Italian architect (Cappella Corsini), born in Florence, Italy (d. 1736)
  • Aug 28 Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenb├╝ttel, Holy Roman Empire Empress, born in Braunschweig, Germany (d. 1750)
  • Sep 29 Richard Challoner, English Catholic prelate (d. 1781)
  • Oct 1 Arthur Onslow, English politician (Speaker of the House of Commons 1728-61), born in Kensington, London (d. 1768)
  • Oct 28 Peter Tordenskjold, Norwegian naval hero, born in Trondheim, Denmark-Norway (d. 1720)
  • Dec 10 Cornelis Pronk, Dutch portrait painter and cartoonist, born in Amsterdam (d. 1759)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 13 George Fox, founder of Quakers, dies at 66
  • Feb 1 Alexander VIII [Pietro Ottoboni], Italian Pope (1689-91), dies at 80
  • Feb 1 George Etherege, English stage writer (Love in a Tub), dies at 56
  • Apr 3 Jean Petitot, Swiss enamel painter (b. 1608)
  • May 10 Colonel John Birch, English soldier (b. 1615)
  • May 16 Jacob Leisler, becomes 1st American colonist hanged for treason
  • May 23 Adrien Auzout, French astronomer (b. 1622)
  • May 29 Cornelis Tromp, Dutch naval officer and son of Maarten Tromp, dies at 61
  • Jul 16 Francois Michel le Tellier, French statesman (Marquis de Louvois), dies at 82
  • Jul 30 Daniel Georg Morhof, German writer and scholar (b. 1639)
  • Aug 14 Richard Talbot, 1st Earl of Tyrconnel, Irish rebel (b. 1630)
  • Aug 19 Mustafa Koprulu, Turkish grand vizer, dies in battle
  • Sep 12 Johann Georg III, Elector of Saxony (1680-91), dies at 44
  • Oct 9 William Sacheverell, English statesman (b. 1638)
  • Oct 10 Isaac de Benserade, French poet, dies at 77
  • Nov 14 Tosa Mitsuoki, Japanese painter (b. 1617)
  • Nov 15 Albert Cuyp, landscape painter, buried at 71
  • Dec 8 Richard Baxter, English clergyman (b. 1615)
  • Dec 30 Robert Boyle, Irish scientist (b. 1627)
  • Dec 31 Dudley North, English economist (b. 1641)