On This Day

1692 in History

Events in History

  • Feb 13 Glencoe Massacre: about 38 MacDonalds killed early in the morning by rival Campbell clan members, allegedly for not promptly pledging allegiance to the new king, William of Orange

USASalem Witch Trials

Feb 29 First people are accused of witchcraft in Salem, Massachusetts - Sarah Good, Sarah Osborne and Tituba, a West Indian slave
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Dramatic lithograph of the Salem witch trials produced in 1892
Dramatic lithograph of the Salem witch trials produced in 1892
  • Mar 1 Sarah Goode, Sarah Osborne, & Tituba arrested for witchcraft in Salem, Massachussets
  • Mar 22 Emperor Leopold I names Duke Earnest August of Braunschweig, king
  • Mar 26 King Maximilian installed as land guardian of South Netherlands
  • Apr 22 Edward Bishop is jailed for proposing flogging as a cure for witchcraft in Salem, Massachusetts
  • May 27 Court of Oyer and Terminer ("to hear and determine") established by Governor of Massachusetts to hear accusations of witchcraft
  • May 29 Battle at La Hogue: English and Dutch fleet beat France
  • May 29 Royal Hospital Chelsea Founder's Day first celebrated
  • Jun 7 Earthquake in Porte Royale, Jamaica, kills 3,000
  • Jun 10 The first victim of the Salem witch trials, Bridget Bishop, is hanged for witchcraft in the colony of Massachusetts
  • Jun 24 Kingston, Jamaica, founded
  • Jul 19 5 more people are hanged for witchcraft (20 in all) in Salem, Massachusetts
  • Jul 24 French defeat William III of England at Steinkirk (Enghein)
  • Aug 3 Battle at Steenkerke: French beat English/Dutch army
  • Aug 19 Five more people hanged for witchcraft (20 in all) in Salem, Massachusetts
  • Sep 22 Last people hanged for witchcraft (8) in the US, 20 hanged overall during Salem witch trials
  • Oct 29 Court of Oyer and Terminer, convened for Salem witch trials, dissolved
  • Dec 23 Nahum Tate is appointed the third Poet Laureate by English monarchs William and Mary

Birthdays in History

  • Feb 14 Pierre-Claude Nivelle de La Chaussée, French writer (L’École des Mères), born in Paris (d. 1754)
  • Feb 25 Karl Ludwig, Freiherr von Pöllnitz, German adventurer and writer (d. 1775)
  • Feb 29 Edward Cave, English printer (Gentlemen's Magazine)
  • Feb 29 John Byrom, English poet and the inventor of shorthand, born in Manchester, England (d. 1763)
  • Mar 14 Pieter Musschenbroek, Dutch mathematician and physician (Leyden jar)
  • May 1 James Stirling, Scottish mathematician (Formula of Stirling), born in this month in Stirlingshire, Scotland (d. 1770)
  • May 3 Jan Jacob Mauricius, Dutch governor-general of Suriname (1742-51), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1768)
  • May 18 Joseph Butler, English theologian and bishop, born in Wantage, England (d. 1752)
  • Aug 3 John Henley, English clergyman, born in Melton Mowbray, Leicestershire, England (d. 1759)
  • Aug 18 Louis Henri, Duc de Bourbon, Prime Minister of France, born in Palace of Versailles, France (d. 1740)
  • Oct 25 Elisabeth Farnese, Princess of Parma and Queen of Spain (1714-24), born in Palazzo della Pilotta, Parma (d. 1766)
  • Oct 31 Comte de Caylus, French archaeologist, born in Paris (d. 1765)
  • Nov 6 Louis Racine, French poet (La Religion), born in Paris (d. 1763)
  • Nov 7 Johannes Gottfried Schnabel, German author (Insel Felsenburg), born in Sandersdorf, Germany
  • Nov 15 Eusebius Amort, German Roman Catholic theologian, born in Bibermuehle, Bavaria (d. 1775)
  • Nov 21 Carlo Innocenzo Fragoni, Italian poet, born in Genoa, Italy (d. 1768)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 19 Jan Commelin, Dutch botanist and director of Hortus Botanicus, Amsterdam, dies at 62
  • Mar 25 Gerardus L Blasius, Flemish anatomist, dies at about 66
  • Apr 14 Carlos de Gurrea, Spanish viceroy (Spanish Netherlands), dies
  • May 18 Elias Ashmole, English antiquarian & collector (Ashmolean Museum), dies at 74
  • Jul 10 Bridget Bishop, 1st person to be hanged in Salem witch trials Massachusetts USA
  • Jul 23 Gilles Ménage, French scholar, dies at 78
  • Nov 6 Gédéon Tallemant des Réaux, French writer (Historiettes), dies at 73
  • Nov 19 Georg F von Waldeck, German commander-in-chief (Colors), dies
  • Nov 19 Thomas Shadwell, English poet and playwright (2nd Poet Laureate 1689-92), dies at about 50
  • Dec 18 Veit Ludwig von Seckendorff, German statesman (b. 1626)