On This Day

1694 in History

Events in History

  • Apr 10 Duke Victor Amadeus of Savoye attacks Casale
  • Apr 27 Frederik August I "the Strong" becomes monarch of Saksen
  • Jun 7 English invasion army under Thomas Tollemache reaches Brest
  • Jun 8 English troops attack Brest (300 killed)
  • Jun 29 Dutch fleet attacks French grain transports
  • Jul 27 Bank of England granted 12 year charter by Act of Parliament
  • Sep 27 Hurricane hits Carlisle Bay Barbados; 27 British ships sink & 3,000 die
  • Oct 23 American colonial forces, led by Sir William Phipps, fail to seize Quebec
  • Dec 3 English parliamentary election set for every 3 years

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 12 The Royal Society censures Edmond Halley for suggesting in a paper titled 'Some considerations about the cause of the universal deluge' that the story of Noah's flood could be an account of a cometary impact

Astronomer, Mathematician and Physicist Edmond Halley
Astronomer, Mathematician and Physicist
Edmond Halley

Birthdays in History

  • Apr 25 Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington, English architect, born in London (d. 1753)
  • Jun 4 Francois Quesnay, French personal physician of Louis XIV, born in Méré, Versailles, France (d. 1774)
  • Jun 20 Hans Adolph Brorson, Danish Pietist bishop, born in Randerup, Denmark (d. 1764)
  • Jun 24 Jean-Jacques Burlamaqui, Genevan legal and political theorist, born in Geneva (d. 1748)
  • Jun 26 Georg Brandt, Swedish chemist and mineralogist, born in Riddarhyttan, Sweden (d. 1768)
  • Jul 11 Charles-Antoine Coypel, French carpet designer, born in Paris (d. 1752)
  • Aug 8 Francis Hutcheson, Irish philosopher (d. 1746)
  • Aug 24 Theodor A Freiherr von Neuhoff, German adventurer and King of Corsica [or 8/25], born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1756)
  • Aug 26 Elisha Williams, American rector of Yale College (d. 1755)
  • Aug 28 Charlotte Christine of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Wife of Tsarevich Alexei Petrovich of Russia, born in Wolfenbüttel, Germany (d. 1715)
  • Sep 7 Johan Ludvig, Danish politician (Minister of State, 1735-51) (d. 1763)
  • Sep 13 Yeongjo of Joseon, 21st king of the Korean Joseon Dynasty, born in Changdeok Palace, Kingdom of Joseon (d. 1776)
  • Sep 22 Lord Chesterfield, letter writer; introduced Gregorian calendar (1752)

Person of interestHenry Pelham

Sep 25 Henry Pelham, British Prime Minister (Whig: 1743-54) who introduced the Gin Acts, born in Laughton, England (d. 1754)

British Prime Minister Henry Pelham
British Prime Minister
Henry Pelham

Person of interestVoltaire

Nov 21 Voltaire [Francois-Marie Arouet], French writer, philosopher and playwright (Candide), born in Paris (d. 1778)

Enlightenment Philosopher Voltaire
Enlightenment Philosopher
  • Dec 2 William Shirley, British Colonial Governor of Massachusetts (played an important role in Britain’s struggle against France for control of North America), born in Preston, Sussex, England (d. 1771)
  • Dec 22 Hermann Samuel Reimarus, German philosopher and writer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1768)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 2 Henry Booth, 1st Earl of Warrington, English politician, dies at 42
  • Jan 6 Francesco Morosini, Italian army general, dies
  • Jan 7 Charles Gerard, 1st Earl of Macclesfield, English general (bc. 1618)
  • Feb 1 John L baron van Elderen, 63rd bishop of Liege (1688-94), dies at 73
  • Feb 4 Nataliya Kyrillovna Naryshkina, Tsaritsa of Russia (b. 1651)
  • Apr 3 Ferdinand van Apshoven de Jongere, Flemish painter, buried at 64
  • Apr 27 Johan Georg IV, Elector of Saxony (1691-94), dies at 25
  • Jun 17 Philip Howard, English Roman Catholic Cardinal, dies at 64
  • Jul 7 Dokusho, Zen teacher, Obaku line, dies
  • Aug 8 Antoine Arnauld [le grand Arnauld], French lawyer/theology, dies at 82
  • Sep 28 Gabriel Mouton, French abbot and mathematician, dies at about 76
  • Oct 12 Matsuo Basho, greatest Japanese haiku poet, dies
  • Oct 16 Samuel Freiherr von Pufendorf, German lawyer, dies at 62
  • Nov 8 Ulrik Huber, Frisian lawyer/law historian/polemist, dies at 58
  • Nov 22 John Tillotson, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1630)
  • Nov 25 Ismael Bullialdus, French astronomer (Astronomia Philolaica) and mathematician, dies at 89
  • Nov 30 Marcello Malpighi, Italian physician who founded the science of microscopic anatomy, dies at 66
  • Dec 2 Pierre Paul Puget, French artist, dies at 74
  • Dec 11 Ranuccio II Farnese, Duke of Parma, dies at 64
  • Dec 28 Mary II, Queen of England Scotland and Ireland, dies after 5 years of rule at 32