On This Day

1697 in History

Events in History

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 26 Isaac Newton receives Jean Bernoulli's 6 month time-limit problem, solves problem before going to bed that same night

Physicist & Mathematician Isaac Newton
Physicist & Mathematician
Isaac Newton
  • Feb 4 Three Dutch East India Company ships anchor at Dirk-Hartogeiland, Australia
  • Mar 10 Tsar Peter the Great of Russia begins a tour of Western Europe
  • Mar 20 Willem de Vlamingh returns to Batavia after exploring "South Land"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 15 Charles XII succeeds Charles XI as King of Sweden

King of Sweden Charles XII
King of Sweden
Charles XII
  • May 7 Stockholm's medieval royal castle is destroyed by fire, the Codex Gigas (world's largest extant medieval illuminated manuscript) survives by being thrown out a window

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 24 English King William III travels through northern Europe

King of England William III
King of England
William III
  • Jun 2 August, Elector of Saxony becomes Catholic
  • Jun 27 Polish parliament selects monarch August of Saxony as king
  • Sep 3 King William's War in America ends with Treaty of Ryswick
  • Sep 11 Battle of Zenta: forces of Prince Eugen of Savoye defeat the Turks, ending Ottoman control of large parts of Central Europe
  • Sep 20 Peace of Saki (ends 9 years war)
  • Oct 30 Germany signs French/English/Spanish/Dutch/Brandenburgs peace treaty ending Nine Year War
  • Nov 9 Pope Innocent XII founds the city of Cervia.
  • Nov 10 English parliament accept army reduction

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 2 St Paul's Cathedral, designed by Sir Christopher Wren is consecrated for use (previous building destroyed in the Great Fire of London)

Architect Christopher Wren
Christopher Wren

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 16 Richard Savage, English poet and playwright (d. 1743) date not proven
  • Feb 24 Bernard S Albinus [Weiss], German surgeon/anatomist
  • Mar 30 John-Baptist Xavery, Flemish sculptor
  • Apr 1 Antoine François Prévost, French author and novelist (d. 1763)
  • Apr 23 George Anson, 1st Baron Anson, British Royal Navy officer, born in Staffordshire, England (d. 1762)
  • Jun 4 Jacob Israel Emden [Jacob ben Tswi], German rabbi, born in Altona, Denmark (d. 1776)
  • Jul 11 Jean-Baptiste-Bourguignon d'Anville, French geographer and cartographer, born in Paris (d. 1782)
  • Aug 6 Charles VII, Holy Roman Emperor (1742-45), born in Brussels
  • Sep 6 Willem Gideon Deutz, Amsterdam regent, banker and merchant, born in Amsterdam (d. 1757)
  • Oct 18 Giovanni Canaletto, Italian painter (Regatta on the Grand Canal) and printmaker, born in Venice (d. 1768)
  • Nov 10 William Hogarth, English satiric painter and engraver (Rake's Progress), born in London (d. 1764)
  • Nov 25 Gerhard Tersteegen, German evangelist and poet (wrote in blood), born in Moers, Germany (d. 1769)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 1 Filippo Baldinucci, Florentine biographer & art historian, dies at 71
  • Jan 26 Georg Mohr, Danish mathematician (b. 1640)
  • Jan 28 John Fenwick, English conspirator
  • Feb 3 Sjoucke Gabbes, Frisian sailor, dies/buried on Dirk-Hartog Island
  • Mar 1 Francesco Redi, Italian physician, dies at 71
  • Mar 26 Godfrey McCulloch, Scottish politician and murderer (executed) (b. 1640)
  • Mar 27 Simon Bradstreet, English colonial magistrate, last governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony, dies at 93
  • Apr 5 Charles XI, King of Sweden (1660-97), dies at 41
  • Apr 8 Niels Juel, Danish-Norwegian admiral, dies at 68
  • Nov 2 Constantine Huygens Jr., Dutch Poet, painter and cartoonist, dies at 69 (burial date)
  • Nov 22 Libéral Bruant, French architect (b. 1635)