On This Day

1697 in History

Events in History

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 26 Isaac Newton receives Jean Bernoulli's 6 month time-limit problem, solves problem before going to bed that same night

Physicist & Mathematician Isaac Newton
Physicist & Mathematician
Isaac Newton
  • Feb 4 Three Dutch East India Company ships anchor at Dirk-Hartogeiland, Australia
  • Mar 10 Tsar Peter the Great of Russia begins a tour of Western Europe
  • Mar 20 Willem de Vlamingh returns to Batavia after exploring "South Land"
  • Apr 15 Charles XII succeeds Charles XI as King of Sweden
  • May 7 Stockholm's medieval royal castle is destroyed by fire, the Codex Gigas (world's largest extant medieval illuminated manuscript) survives by being thrown out a window
  • May 24 English King William III travels through northern Europe
  • Jun 2 August, Elector of Saxony becomes Catholic
  • Jun 27 Polish parliament selects monarch August of Saxony as king
  • Sep 3 King William's War in America ends with Treaty of Ryswick
  • Sep 11 Battle of Zenta: forces of Prince Eugen of Savoye defeat the Turks, ending Ottoman control of large parts of Central Europe
  • Sep 20 Peace of Saki (ends 9 years war)
  • Oct 30 Germany signs French/English/Spanish/Dutch/Brandenburgs peace treaty ending Nine Year War
  • Nov 9 Pope Innocent XII founds the city of Cervia.
  • Nov 10 English parliament accept army reduction

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 2 St Paul's Cathedral, designed by Sir Christopher Wren is consecrated for use (previous building destroyed in the Great Fire of London)

Architect Christopher Wren
Christopher Wren

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 16 Richard Savage, English poet and playwright (d. 1743) date not proven
  • Feb 24 Bernard S Albinus, [Weiss], German surgeon/anatomist
  • Mar 30 John-Baptist Xavery, Flemish sculptor
  • Apr 1 Antoine François Prévost, French author and novelist (d. 1763)
  • Apr 23 George Anson, 1st Baron Anson, British Royal Navy officer, born in Staffordshire, England (d. 1762)
  • Jun 4 Jacob Israel Emden [Jacob ben Tswi], German rabbi, born in Altona, Denmark (d. 1776)
  • Jul 11 Jean-Baptiste-Bourguignon d'Anville, French geographer and cartographer, born in Paris (d. 1782)
  • Aug 6 Charles VII, Holy Roman Emperor (1742-45), born in Brussels
  • Sep 6 Willem Gideon Deutz, Amsterdam regent, banker and merchant, born in Amsterdam (d. 1757)
  • Oct 18 Giovanni Canaletto, Italian painter (Regatta on the Grand Canal) and printmaker, born in Venice (d. 1768)
  • Nov 10 William Hogarth, English satiric painter and engraver (Rake's Progress), born in London (d. 1764)
  • Nov 25 Gerhard Tersteegen, German evangelist and poet (wrote in blood), born in Moers, Germany (d. 1769)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 1 Filippo Baldinucci, Florentine biographer & art historian, dies at 71
  • Jan 26 Georg Mohr, Danish mathematician (b. 1640)
  • Jan 28 John Fenwick, English conspirator
  • Feb 3 Sjoucke Gabbes, Frisian sailor, dies/buried on Dirk-Hartog Island
  • Mar 1 Francesco Redi, Italian physician (b. 1626)
  • Mar 26 Godfrey McCulloch, Scottish politician and murderer (executed) (b. 1640)
  • Mar 27 Simon Bradstreet, English colonial magistrate, last governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony, dies at 93
  • Apr 5 Charles XI, King of Sweden (1660-97), dies at 41
  • Apr 8 Niels Juel, Danish-Norwegian admiral, dies at 68
  • Nov 2 Constantine Huygens Jr., Dutch Poet, painter and cartoonist, dies at 69 (burial date)
  • Nov 22 Libéral Bruant, French architect (b. 1635)