On This Day

1698 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 4 Most of the Palace of Whitehall in London, the main residence of the English monarchs, is destroyed by fire

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 7 Russian Tsar Peter the Great departs Netherlands for England

Russian Tsar Peter the Great
Russian Tsar
Peter the Great

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 1 Congregation of Notre Dame of Montreal founded by Marguerite Bourgeoys canonically constituted a community

First Canadian Saint Marguerite Bourgeoys
First Canadian Saint
Marguerite Bourgeoys
  • Jul 2 English engineer Thomas Savery patents the first steam engine
  • Jul 14 The Darien scheme begins with five ships, bearing about 1,200 people, departing Leith for the Isthmus of Panama
  • Aug 18 Russian Tsar Peter the Great arrives in Zaandam
  • Aug 25 Tsar Peter the Great returns to Moscow after trip through Western Europe
  • Sep 5 Russian Tsar Peter the Great imposes a tax on beards
  • Oct 11 France, England & Netherlands ratified the First Partition Treaty, which eventually led to the War of the Spanish Succession
  • Nov 2 Scottish settlers make landfall in Panama, establishing the ill-fated 'Darien Venture' colony
  • Nov 14 Spanish king Carlos appoints grandson prince Jozef Ferdinand as heir

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 3 Pietro Metastasio, Italian poet (d. 1782)
  • Feb 16 Pierre Bouguer, French mathematician (heliometer)
  • Mar 6 John Alberti, Dutch theologist/philologist
  • Mar 26 Václav Prokop Diviš, Czech theologian and natural scientist, born in Helvíkovice, Bohemia (d. 1765)
  • Jul 2 Francesco III d'Este, Duke of Modena & Reggio, born in Modena (d. 1780)
  • Aug 27 Baal Shem Tov, Jewish mystical rabbi (founder of the Hasidic Judaism), born in Okopy Świętej Trójcy, Kingdom of Poland (d. 1760)
  • Sep 28 Pierre-Louis Moreau de Maupertuis, French mathematician and astronomer (Système de la nature), born in Saint-Malo, France (d. 1759)
  • Oct 23 Ange-Jacques Gabriel, French court architect (Palace de la Concorde), born in Paris (d. 1782)
  • Nov 22 Pierre de Rigaud, Canadian-born French Governor of New France, born in Quebec, New France (d. 1778)
  • Dec 24 William Warburton, English writer & Bishop of Gloucester, born in Newark-on-Trent, United Kingdom (d. 1779)
  • Dec 25 Jacobus Houbraken, Dutch engraver/illustrator

Deaths in History

  • Jan 10 Louis-Sébastien Le Nain de Tillemont, French ecclesiastical historian, dies at 60
  • Mar 14 Claes Rålamb, Swedish statesman, dies at 75
  • Apr 29 Charles Cornwallis, 3rd Baron Cornwallis, First Lord of the British Admiralty (b. 1655)
  • Jun 10 Gerrit Berckheyde, Dutch painter, dies at 59
  • Jun 11 Balthasar Bekker, Frisian theologist (Enchanted World), dies at 64
  • Jul 18 Johann Heinrich Heidegger, Swiss theologian, dies at 65
  • Sep 2 Justus Vingboons, Architect, buried
  • Nov 4 Rasmus Bartholin, Danish physician, mathematician and physicist, dies at 73
  • Nov 28 Louis de Buade de Frontenac, French soldier and Governor General of New France, dies at 76