On This Day

1699 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 14 Massachusetts holds day of fasting for wrongly persecuting "witches"
  • Jan 26 Venice, Poland & Austria sign Treaty of Carlowitz with Ottoman Empire
  • Feb 4 350 rebellious Streltsi executed in Moscow
  • Mar 4 Jews are expelled from Lübeck, Germany
  • Apr 14 Khalsa: Birth of Khalsa, the brotherhood of the Sikh religion, in Northern India in accordance with the Nanakshahi calendar
  • Jun 11 England, France & Netherlands agree on 2nd Extermination Treaty of Spain

<b>Pirate</b> DefeatPirate Defeat

Jul 6 Pirate Captain William Kidd is captured in Boston

Pirate Legend William Kidd
Pirate Legend
William Kidd

DiscoveryHistoric Expedition

Aug 6 HMS Roebuck, captained by William Dampier, lands at Shark Bay, Western Australia on the first British scientific expedition to Australia

Explorer and Pirate William Dampier
Explorer and Pirate
William Dampier
  • Sep 22 People of Rotterdam strike over high cost of butter
  • Nov 22 Treaty of Preobrasjensku Denmark, Russia, Saksen and Poland divide Sweden
  • Dec 3 Baron Jacob Hop appointed treasurer-general of the Hague

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 20 Russian Tsar Peter the Great ordered Russian New Year changed from Sept 1 to Jan 1

Russian Tsar Peter the Great
Russian Tsar
Peter the Great

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 2 Osman III, sultan (Turkey)
  • Jan 9 Robert J Pothier, French lawyer
  • Feb 17 Hans Georg Wenzeslaus von Knobelsdorff, German architect (Sanssouci)
  • Mar 23 John Bartram, naturalist and explorer, father of American botany, born near Darby, Pennsylvania (d. 1777)
  • Apr 17 Robert Blair, Scottish poet (The Grave), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1746)
  • May 13 Marquis of Pombal, Prime Minister of Portugal (1756-1777), born in Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1782)
  • May 14 Hans Joachim von Zieten, Prussian field marshal (d. 1786)
  • May 31 Alexander Cruden "Alexander the Corrector", Scottish biblical scholar and eccentric, compiler of a concordance to King James Bible, born in Aberdeen, Scotland (d. 1770)
  • Aug 13 John Dyer, British poet, born in Aberglasney, Wales (Baptism date)
  • Nov 2 Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin, French painter, born in Paris (d. 1779)
  • Nov 30 Christian VI, King of Denmark and Norway, born in Copenhagen Castle, Denmark (d. 1746)
  • Dec 8 Maria Josepha of Austria, Queen consort of Poland (1734-57), born in Hofburg Palace, Vienna, Austria (d. 1757)
  • Dec 19 William Bowyer, English printer (d. 1777)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 21 Obadiah Walker, English writer (b. 1616)
  • Jan 27 William Temple, statesman, dies
  • Feb 6 Jozef Ferdinand of Bavaria, heir of Spanish king Carlos II, dies
  • Feb 27 Charles Paulet, 1st Duke of Bolton, English politician (b. c. 1625)
  • Mar 12 Peder Griffenfeld, Danish statesman, dies at 63
  • Apr 21 Jean Racine, French dramatist (Iphigénie), dies at 59
  • Apr 22 Hans A baron von Abschatz, Silesian poet, dies at 53
  • Apr 29 Samuel Apostool, vicar/theologist (Zonisten), dies at 50
  • May 12 Lucas Achtschellinck, Flemish painter (b. 1626)
  • May 15 Edward Petre, English Jesuit and privy councilor (b. 1631)
  • Jun 22 Josiah Child, English Governor of the East India Company (b. 1630)
  • Aug 4 Maria Sophia of Neuburg, Queen of Portugal as the wife of King Peter II from 1687-99), dies at 32
  • Aug 19 José Saenz d'Aguirre, Spanish cardinal, dies at 69
  • Aug 25 Christian V, King of Denmark and Norway, dies at 53
  • Nov 9 Hortense Mancini, mistress of Charles II, King of England (b. 1646)
  • Nov 29 Patrick Gordon, Scottish general (b. 1635)
  • Dec 15 Henrik A van Reede tot Drakenstein, Dutch botanist, dies at about 63