On This Day

1699 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 14 Massachusetts holds day of fasting for wrongly persecuting "witches"
  • Jan 26 Venice, Poland & Austria sign Treaty of Carlowitz with Ottoman Empire
  • Feb 4 350 rebellious Streltsi executed in Moscow
  • Mar 4 Jews are expelled from Lübeck, Germany
  • Apr 14 Khalsa: Birth of Khalsa, the brotherhood of the Sikh religion, in Northern India in accordance with the Nanakshahi calendar
  • Jun 11 England, France & Netherlands agree on 2nd Extermination Treaty of Spain

<b>Pirate</b> DefeatPirate Defeat

Jul 6 Pirate Captain William Kidd is captured in Boston

Pirate Legend William Kidd
Pirate Legend
William Kidd

DiscoveryHistoric Expedition

Aug 6 HMS Roebuck, captained by William Dampier, lands at Shark Bay, Western Australia on the first British scientific expedition to Australia

Explorer and Pirate William Dampier
Explorer and Pirate
William Dampier
  • Sep 22 People of Rotterdam strike over high cost of butter
  • Nov 22 Treaty of Preobrasjensku Denmark, Russia, Saksen and Poland divide Sweden
  • Dec 3 Baron Jacob Hop appointed treasurer-general of the Hague

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 20 Russian Tsar Peter the Great ordered Russian New Year changed from Sept 1 to Jan 1

Russian Tsar Peter the Great
Russian Tsar
Peter the Great

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 2 Osman III, sultan (Turkey)
  • Jan 9 Robert J Pothier, French lawyer
  • Feb 17 Georg Wenzeslaus von Knobelsdorff, Prussian architect (Sanssouci), born in n Kuckädel (d. 1753)
  • Mar 23 John Bartram, naturalist and explorer, father of American botany, born near Darby, Pennsylvania (d. 1777)
  • Apr 17 Robert Blair, Scottish poet (The Grave), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1746)
  • May 13 Marquis of Pombal, Prime Minister of Portugal (1756-1777), born in Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1782)
  • May 14 Hans Joachim von Zieten, Prussian field marshal (d. 1786)
  • May 31 Alexander Cruden "Alexander the Corrector", Scottish biblical scholar and eccentric, compiler of a concordance to King James Bible, born in Aberdeen, Scotland (d. 1770)
  • Aug 13 John Dyer, British poet, born in Aberglasney, Wales (Baptism date)
  • Nov 2 Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin, French painter, born in Paris (d. 1779)
  • Nov 30 Christian VI, King of Denmark and Norway, born in Copenhagen Castle, Denmark (d. 1746)
  • Dec 8 Maria Josepha of Austria, Queen consort of Poland (1734-57), born in Hofburg Palace, Vienna, Austria (d. 1757)
  • Dec 19 William Bowyer, English printer (d. 1777)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 21 Obadiah Walker, English writer (b. 1616)
  • Jan 27 William Temple, statesman, dies
  • Feb 6 Jozef Ferdinand of Bavaria, heir of Spanish king Carlos II, dies
  • Feb 27 Charles Paulet, 1st Duke of Bolton, English politician (b. c. 1625)
  • Mar 12 Peder Griffenfeld, Danish statesman, dies at 63

Person of interestJean Racine

Apr 21 Jean Racine, French dramatist (Phèdre, Athalie), dies of liver cancer at 59

Dramatist and Playwright Jean Racine
Dramatist and Playwright
Jean Racine
  • Apr 22 Hans A baron von Abschatz, Silesian poet, dies at 53
  • Apr 29 Samuel Apostool, Flemish religious preacher (Zonisten), dies at 50
  • May 12 Lucas Achtschellinck, Flemish painter (b. 1626)
  • May 15 Edward Petre, English Jesuit and privy councilor (b. 1631)
  • Jun 22 Josiah Child, English Governor of the East India Company (b. 1630)
  • Aug 4 Maria Sophia of Neuburg, Queen of Portugal as the wife of King Peter II from 1687-99), dies at 32
  • Aug 19 José Saenz d'Aguirre, Spanish cardinal, dies at 69
  • Aug 25 Christian V, King of Denmark and Norway, dies at 53
  • Nov 9 Hortense Mancini, mistress of Charles II, King of England (b. 1646)
  • Nov 29 Patrick Gordon, Scottish general (b. 1635)
  • Dec 15 Henrik A van Reede tot Drakenstein, Dutch botanist, dies at about 63