On This Day

1700 in History

Events in History

Gregory Conquers Julius CaesarGregory Conquers Julius Caesar

Jan 1 Protestant Western Europe (except England) begins using the Gregorian calendar

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Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
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  • Jan 1 Russia begins using the Anno Domini era and no longer uses the Anno Mundi era of the Byzantine Empire
  • Jan 26 The magnitude 8.7-9.2 Cascadia earthquake took place off the west coast of the North America, as evidenced by Japanese records
  • Feb 12 The Great Northern War begins in Northern Europe between Denmark–Norway, Saxony and Russia and the Swedish Empire.
  • Feb 19 Last day of Julian calendar in Denmark

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 27 English explorer William Dampier is the 1st British person to visit the Pacific Island of New Britain, which he names

Explorer and Pirate William Dampier
Explorer and Pirate
William Dampier
  • Feb 28 Today is followed by March 1 in Sweden, thus creating the Swedish calendar

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 7 William Penn began monthly meetings for blacks advocating emancipation

English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania William Penn
English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania
William Penn
  • Jun 17 Massachusetts orders priest to leave the colony
  • Jun 30 Gelderland goes on Gregorian calendar (tomorrow is 12/7/1700)
  • Jul 12 Gelderland accepts Gregorian calendar; yesterday is June 30, 1700
  • Jul 13 Treaty of Constantinople establishes peace after Russo-Turkish war
  • Aug 8 Denmark & Sweden sign peace treaty
  • Aug 18 Swedish, English & Dutch army lands on Seeland, Denmark
  • Oct 2 Spanish king Carlos II appoints Philip van Anjou, heir to throne
  • Oct 14 Rabbi Judah Hasid & Chayim Molocho arrive in Jerusalem
  • Nov 16 Monarch of Brandenburg becomes king of Prussia
  • Nov 23 Cardinal Francesco Albani elected Pope Clemens XI

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Nov 30 Battle at Narva: Swedish force of King Charles XII defeats Russian army [NS]

King of Sweden Charles XII
King of Sweden
Charles XII
  • Nov 30 Utrecht, Overijssel, Buren, Leerdam and IJsselstein go on Gregoria calendar
  • Dec 12 Utrecht, Overijssel, Buren, Leerdam and Ijsselstein adopt Gregorian calendar
  • Dec 31 Frisia and Groningen adopt Gregorian calendar, tomorrow is 1/12/1701

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 29 Daniel Bernoulli, mathematician (10 time French award), born in Basel, Switzerland
  • Feb 7 Philippe Buache, French geographer/cartographer (Contourlijnen)
  • Feb 23 Wilhelmus Schortinghuis, Dutch theologist (Profound Christianity)
  • May 7 Gerard van Swieten, Dutch-Austrian physician (Austrian Empress Maria Theresa's personal physician), born in Leiden, Netherlaands (d. 1772)
  • May 12 Luigi Vanvitelli, Italian architect (Palace of Caserta), born in Naples, Kingdom of Naples (d. 1773)
  • May 19 José de Escandón, Spanish colonial governor (d. 1770)
  • May 26 Nicolaus Ludwig, Imperial Count von Zinzendorf und Pottendorf, German religious and social reformer, born in Dresden, Electorate of Saxony, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1760)
  • Jun 4 Theodoor Verhaegen, Flemish sculptor, born in Mechelen, Belgium (d. 1759)
  • Aug 13 Heinrich von Brühl, German statesman, born in Gangloffsömmern, Thuringia, Germany (d. 1763)
  • Sep 9 Princess Anna Sophie of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, daughter of Louis Frederick I, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, born in Rudolstadt (d. 1780)
  • Sep 11 James Thomson, Scottish poet (Rule Britannia), born in Ednam, Scotland (d. 1748)
  • Sep 30 Stanisław Konarski, Polish writer (d. 1773)
  • Oct 10 Lambert-Sigisbert Adam, French sculptor, born in Nancy, Kingdom of France (d. 1759)
  • Oct 20 Charlotte Aglaé of Orléans, Duchess of Modena (d. 1761)
  • Nov 19 Jean-Antoine Nollet, French clergyman and physicist (discovery of osmosis), born in Pimprez, Kingdom of France (d. 1770)
  • Nov 28 Nathaniel Bliss, English 4th Astronomer Royal (1762-64), born in Bisley, Gloucestershire, England (d. 1764)
  • Nov 28 Sophie Magdalene of Brandenburg-Kulmbach, Queen consort of Denmark and Norway (1730-46), born in Castle Schonberg, Bavaria (d. 1770)
  • Dec 22 Egbert de Vrij Temminck, Amsterdam regent, born in Amsterdam (d. 1785)
  • Dec 25 Leopold II of Anhalt-Dessau, Prussian general (d. 1758)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 7 Raffaello Fabretti, Italian antiquarian (b. 1618)

Person of interestMarguerite Bourgeoys

Jan 12 Marguerite Bourgeoys, founder of the Congregation of Notre Dame in Quebec, dies at 79

First Canadian Saint Marguerite Bourgeoys
First Canadian Saint
Marguerite Bourgeoys
  • Feb 12 Aleksei Shein, Russian general and statesman (b. 1662)
  • May 1 John Dryden, English poet and playwright, first Poet Laureate (1668-1688), dies at 68
  • Jul 2 Lambert Doomer, painter/cartoonist, dies at about 77
  • Sep 15 André Le Nôtre, French landscape architect (b. 1613)
  • Sep 27 Innocent XII [Antonio Pignatelli], Pope (1691-1700), dies at 85
  • Nov 1 Carlos II, King of Spain (reigns 1665-1700), dies at 39
  • Nov 25 Stephanus Van Cortlandt, American politician, 17th Mayor of New York City (1686-88), dies at 57
  • Nov 30 Artus Quellinus II, Flemish sculptor, dies at 75
  • Dec 1 Willem ten Rhijne, Dutch physician in Batavia, dies at about 53