On This Day

1701 in History

Events in History

Gregory Conquers Julius CaesarGregory Conquers Julius Caesar

Jan 12 Frisia & Groningen (Netherlands) begin use of Gregorian calendar

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Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
Pope Gregory XIII with the calendar that was to make his name
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  • Jan 18 Frederick I and Sophie Charlotte of Hanover crowned king and queen of Prussia
  • Mar 9 France, Cologne & Bavaria sign alliance
  • Apr 29 Drenthe, Netherlands, adopts Gregorian calendar, tomorrow is May 12, 1701
  • May 12 Drenthe adopts Gregorian calendar (yesterday is 4/29/1701)
  • May 15 The War of the Spanish Succession begins


May 23 Captain William Kidd is hanged in London after being convicted of piracy and the murder of William Moore

Pirate Legend William Kidd
Pirate Legend
William Kidd
  • Jun 12 Act of Settlement gives English crown to Sophia, Princess of Hanover
  • Jul 24 Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac founds trading post at Fort Pontchartrain, later becomes the city of Detroit
  • Aug 2 Great Peace of Montreal signed between New France and North American Indian nations at urging of Huron chief Kondiaronk
  • Sep 7 Germany, England & Netherlands sign anti-French covenant
  • Sep 16 James Francis Edward Stuart "The Old Pretender", becomes the Jacobite claimant to the thrones of England and Scotland on the death of his father James II
  • Sep 28 Divorce legalized in Maryland
  • Oct 9 Collegiate School of Ct (Yale U), chartered in New Haven

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 8 William Penn presents Charter of Privileges

English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania William Penn
English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania
William Penn

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 27 Johann N von Hontheim, German church historian/suffragan (bishop)
  • Jan 28 Charles Marie de La Condamine, French mathematician and geographer (d. 1774)
  • Feb 14 Enrique Florez, Spanish historian, born in Valladolid, Spain (d. 1773)
  • Mar 18 Niclas Sahlgren, Swedish merchant and philanthropist (d. 1776)
  • Apr 27 Charles Emanuel III of Savoy, King of Sardinia, born in Turin (d. 1773)
  • May 14 William Emerson, English mathematician (d. 1782)
  • Jun 22 Nikolaj Eigtved, Danish architect (Christiansborg Castle)
  • Jul 15 Pierre Joubert, became the oldest known Canadian (113 years 124 days at his death)
  • Aug 4 Thomas Blackwell, Scottish classical scholar, born in Aberdeen, Scotland (d. 1757)
  • Oct 15 Marie-Marguerite d'Youville, first native Canadian canonized (founded the Order of Sisters of Charity of Montreal), born in Varennes, Quebec (d. 1771)
  • Oct 18 Charles le Beau, French historian (d. 1778)
  • Oct 22 Maria Amalia of Austria, Holy Roman Empire Empress as the spouse of Emperor Charles VII, born in Hofburg Palace, Vienna, Archduchy of Austria, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1756)
  • Nov 5 Pietro Longhi, Venetian painter, born in Venice (d. 1785)

Person of interestAnders Celsius

Nov 27 Anders Celsius, Swedish astronomer (proposed the Celsius temperature scale), born in Uppsala, Sweden (d. 1744)

Astronomer Anders Celsius
Anders Celsius

Deaths in History

  • Jan 3 Prince Louis I of Monaco (b. 1642)
  • Jan 4 Ernst R Tarhemberg, Austrian field marshal, dies at 62
  • Jan 14 Tokugawa Mitsukuni, Japanese warlord, dies at 72
  • Mar 15 Jean Renaud de Segrais, French writer and poet, dies at 76
  • Mar 27 Anne Hilarion de Cotentin, count of Tourville/Fr admiral, dies at 58
  • Mar 28 Domenico Guidi, Italian sculptor, dies at 75
  • Apr 4 Joseph Haines, entertainer and author
  • Apr 21 Asano Naganori, Japanese warlord (daimyō), dies at 33

BattleWilliam Kidd

May 23 William Kidd, Scottish pirate legend, hanged at London's execution Dock at about 56

Pirate Legend William Kidd
Pirate Legend
William Kidd
  • Jun 2 Madeleine de Scudéry, French novelist (Artamène ou le grand Cyrus), dies at 93
  • Jul 7 William Stoughton, American judge at the Salem witch trials (b. 1631)
  • Aug 20 Charles Sedley, English playwright (b. 1639)
  • Aug 22 John Granville, 1st Earl of Bath, English royalist statesman, dies at 72
  • Sep 15 Edmé Boursault, French writer (b. 1638)
  • Sep 16 James II of England and James VII of Scotland [Stuart], King of England, Scotland and Ireland (1685-88), dies at 68
  • Oct 3 Joseph Williamson, English politician (b. 1633)
  • Nov 5 Charles Gerard, 2nd Earl of Macclesfield, French-born English politician, dies at about 40