On This Day

1703 in History

Events in History

  • Mar 20 Akō incident: 46 of the 47 surviving Ronin commit seppuku (ritual suicide) as recompense for avenging their master's death in Edo
  • May 1 Battle at Rultusk: Swedish army beats Russians
  • May 2 Portugal signs treaty with England to become a Great Covenant
  • May 18 Dutch & English troops occupy Cologne

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 27 Saint Petersburg (Leningrad) founded by Russian Tsar Peter the Great

Russian Tsar Peter the Great
Russian Tsar
Peter the Great

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 31 Daniel Defoe is placed in a pillory for the crime of seditious libel after publishing a politically satirical pamphlet, but is pelted with flowers

Novelist Daniel Defoe
Daniel Defoe
  • Aug 21 The Edirne Event: Turkish army removes Sultan Mustafa II, lessening the power of the sultans
  • Sep 12 Emperor Leopold I ends contacts on Spanish heritage
  • Sep 12 English army under arch duke Charles of Austria lands in Portugal
  • Nov 24 1st Lutheran pastor ordained in America, Justus Falckner at Philadelphia
  • Dec 7 Great storm of 1703 hits Southern England - thousands killed, Royal Navy losses 13 ships and around 1,500 seamen
  • Dec 7 The first Eddystone Lighthouse is destroyed in the Great Storm of 1703
  • Dec 27 England & Portugal sign Methuen-Asiento-trade agreement
  • Dec 30 Tokyo hit by Earthquake; about 37,000 die

Birthdays in History

  • Feb 5 Gilbert Tennent, Irish-born religious leader (d. 1764)
  • Mar 5 Vasily Kirillovich Trediakovsky, Russian poet (d. 1768)
  • Mar 24 Jose F de Isla [Francisco de Salazar], Spanish Jesuit/writer
  • Jun 23 Maria Leszczyńska, queen of Louis XV of France (d. 1768)
  • Jun 26 Thomas Clap, American academic, 1st President of Yale University, born in Scituate, Massachusetts (d. 1767)

Person of interestJohn Wesley

Jun 28 John Wesley, English Christian theologian and co-founder of the Methodist movement, born in Epworth, England (d. 1791)

Evangelist John Wesley
John Wesley
  • Aug 2 Lorenzo Ricci, Italian Jesuit leader (18th & last Superior General of the Society of Jesus), born in Florence (d. 1775)
  • Sep 3 Johann Theodor of Bavaria, Prince-Bishop of Regensburg, Freising and Liège, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1763)
  • Sep 29 François Boucher, French painter (d. 1770)

Person of interestJonathan Edwards

Oct 5 Jonathan Edwards, Christian preacher, philosopher, and theologian (Original Sin), born in East Windsor, Connecticut Colony (d. 1758)

Christian Preacher and Philosopher Jonathan Edwards
Christian Preacher and Philosopher
Jonathan Edwards
  • Oct 28 Antoine Deparcieux, French mathematician, born in Portes, Gard, France (d. 1768)
  • Nov 25 Jean-François Séguier, French astronomer and botanist, born in Nîmes, France (d. 1784)
  • Dec 2 Ferdinand Konščak, Croatian explorer and Jesuit missionary, born in Varaždin, Kingdom of Croatia (d. 1759)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 11 Johann Georg Graevius, German classical scholar and critic (b. 1632)
  • Jan 30 Kiva Yoshinaka, Japanese retainer for the Shogun, murdered in the revenge of the 47 rōnin

Person of interestRobert Hooke

Mar 3 Robert Hooke, English scientific genius (Micrographia), dies at 67

Scientist Robert Hooke
Robert Hooke
  • Mar 20 Johann Kunckel/Kunkel, German alchemist/ambassador to Sweden, dies
  • Apr 20 Lancelot Addison, English royal chaplain (b. 1632)
  • May 3 Eglon van de Down, still-life painter, dies

Person of interestCharles Perrault

May 16 Charles Perrault, French author and fairy tale writer (Tales of Mother Goose), dies at 75

Fairytale writer Charles Perrault
Fairytale writer
Charles Perrault
  • May 21 Roemer Vlacq, Dutch admiral, dies in battle

Person of interestSamuel Pepys

May 26 Samuel Pepys, English navy administrator and Member of Parliament famous for his Diary of the English Restoration period, dies at 70

Diarist Samuel Pepys
Samuel Pepys
  • Jun 14 Jean Herauld Gourville, French adventurer, dies at 77
  • Jun 15 Gillis Schey, Dutch admiral (battle at Lowestoft), dies at 58
  • Sep 20 Archibald Campbell, 1st Duke of Argyll, Scottish privy councillor, dies at 52
  • Sep 22 Vincenzo Viviani, Italian mathematician (Viviani's theorem), dies at 81
  • Sep 29 Charles de Saint-Évremond, French soldier (b. 1610)
  • Oct 3 Pieter van Wooden, Amersfoorts rebel leader, beheaded
  • Oct 3 Richard Saab, Amersfoorts rebel leader, beheaded
  • Oct 14 Thomas Hansen Kingo, Danish poet (b. 1634)

Person of interestJohn Wallis

Oct 28 John Wallis, English mathematician and cryptographer who introduced ∞ as a symbol for infinity, dies at 86

Mathematician and Cryptographer John Wallis
Mathematician and Cryptographer
John Wallis
  • Nov 19 Man in the Iron Mask, prisoner in Bastille prison in Paris, dies
  • Dec 28 Mustafa II [Mustafa Oglu Mehmed IV], Ottoman Sultan (1695-1703), dies at 39