On This Day

1704 in History

Events in History

  • Feb 28 Frenchman Elias Neau opens a school for blacks in NYC
  • Feb 28 Indians attack Deerfield, Massachusetts, killing 40, kidnapping 100
  • Feb 29 French & Indians attack Deerfield, Massachusetts, kill 50, abduct 100
  • Apr 17 1st successful US newspaper; published in Boston by John Campbell
  • Apr 24 "Boston News-Letter" 1st successful newspaper in US, forms
  • May 1 Boston Newsletter publishes 1st newspaper advertisement
  • May 20 Elias Neau forms school for slaves in NY
  • Jul 12 Stanislaw Leszcynski becomes king of part of Poland
  • Jul 24 English and Dutch troops occupy Gibraltar
  • Aug 3 English/Dutch fleet under Rooke/Callenburgh occupy Gibraltar
  • Aug 4 War of Spanish Succession, English and Dutch troops occupy Gibraltar
  • Aug 13 Battle of Blenheim (Second Battle of Höchstädt): A combined British, German and Dutch army led by John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, decisively beats the French and Bavarians
  • Aug 24 Battle of Málaga: largest naval battle in the War of the Spanish Succession; Tactically indecisive but a Grand Alliance strategic victory

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 1 Soame Jenyns, English writer (d. 1787)
  • Feb 12 Charles Pinot Duclos, French writer (d. 1772)
  • Feb 28 Louis Godin, French astronomer (d. 1760)
  • Apr 10 Benjamin Heath, English classical scholar, born in Exeter, Devon, England (d. 1766)
  • Jun 4 Benjamin Huntsman, English inventor and manufacturer, born in Lincolnshire, England (d. 1776)
  • Jun 22 John Taylor, English classical scholar (d. 1766)
  • Jun 24 Jean-Baptiste de Boyer, Marquis d'Argens, French writer, born in Aix-en-Provence, France (d. 1771)
  • Jul 15 August Gottlieb Spangenberg, founder of Moravian Church in North America
  • Jul 16 John Kay, English inventor (developed the flying shuttle), born in Lancashire, England (d. around 1779)
  • Jul 31 Gabriel Cramer, Swiss mathematician (paradox of Cramer), born in Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1752)

Person of interestWilliam Allen

Aug 5 William Allen, Mayor of Philadelphia, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Mayor of Philadelphia William Allen
Mayor of Philadelphia
William Allen
  • Oct 9 Ján Andrej Segner, Slovak and German mathematician, physicist, and physician, born in Bratislava, Slovakia (d. 1777)
  • Oct 17 Willem Bentinck, orangist
  • Oct 29 John Byng, English admiral executed by firing squad at 52 for neglecting his duty in defence of Minorca, born in Southill, Bedfordshire, England (d. 1757)
  • Nov 1 Paul Daniel Longolius, German encylopedist (editor of Grosses vollständiges Universal-Lexicon), born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1779)
  • Nov 28 Jacob Mossel, Dutch Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (1750-61), born in Enkhuizen, Dutch Republic (d. 1761)
  • Dec 8 Anton de Haen, Austrian medical expert (Ratio Medendi), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1776)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 21 Willem B Schepers, Dutch merchant/ship owner, dies at about 83
  • Feb 2 Guillaume F A de l'Hospital, French mathematician, dies at about 62
  • Mar 17 Menno baron van Coehoorn, fort builder/Coevorden/howitzer, dies at 63
  • Apr 8 Hiob Ludolf, German orientalist (b. 1624)
  • Apr 8 Henry Sydney, 1st Earl of Romney, English statesman, dies at 63
  • Apr 10 William Egon of Fürstenberg, Bishop of Strassburg (b. 1629)
  • Apr 12 Johan van Waveren Hudde, Dutch mathematician (Concerning Reduction of Equations) and Mayor of Amsterdam (1672-1703), dies at 76
  • May 13 Louis Bourdaloue, French Jesuit preacher, dies at 71
  • Jun 18 Thomas "Tom" Brown, English translator and writer of satire ( Amusements Serious and Comical, calculated for the Meridian of London), dies at 41
  • Jun 30 John Quelch, a pirate was hanged (b. 1665)
  • Jul 3 Sophia Alekseyevna, Regent of Russia (1682-89), dies at 46
  • Jul 9 Yan Ruoqu, Chinese scholar of Qing dynasty, dies at 67
  • Jul 17 Pierre-Charles Le Sueur, French fur trader and explorer
  • Jul 20 Peregrine White, First English child born in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, dies at 83
  • Aug 14 Roland Laporte, French Protestant leader (b. 1675)
  • Oct 1 Cornelis Dusart, Dutch painter and engraver, dies at 44
  • Oct 3 Jean-Baptiste Denys, French physician who performed the 1st human blood transfusion, a xenotransfusion, dies at about 61

Person of interestJohn Locke

Oct 28 John Locke, English empiricist philosopher; influential Enlightenment thinker and "Father of Liberalism" (Two Treatises of Government), dies at 72

Philosopher John Locke
John Locke
  • Nov 4 Andreas Acoluthus, German orientalist (b. 1654)
  • Nov 20 Charles Plumier, French botanist (Frangipani genus Plumeria is named after him), dies at 58