On This Day

1704 in History

Events in History

  • Feb 28 Frenchman Elias Neau opens a school for blacks in NYC
  • Feb 28 Indians attack Deerfield, Massachusetts, killing 40, kidnapping 100
  • Feb 29 French & Indians attack Deerfield, Massachusetts, kill 50, abduct 100
  • Apr 24 1st continuously published newspaper in America - The Boston News-Letter published in Boston by John Campbell [1]
  • May 1 Boston Newsletter publishes 1st newspaper advertisement
  • May 20 Elias Neau forms school for slaves in NY
  • Jul 12 Stanislaw Leszcynski becomes king of part of Poland
  • Jul 24 English and Dutch troops occupy Gibraltar
  • Aug 3 English/Dutch fleet under Rooke/Callenburgh occupy Gibraltar
  • Aug 4 War of Spanish Succession, English and Dutch troops occupy Gibraltar

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Aug 13 Battle of Blenheim (Second Battle of Höchstädt): A combined British, German and Dutch army led by John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, decisively beats the French and Bavarians

  • Aug 24 Battle of Málaga: largest naval battle in the War of the Spanish Succession; Tactically indecisive but a Grand Alliance strategic victory

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 1 Soame Jenyns, English writer (d. 1787)
  • Feb 12 Charles Pinot Duclos, French writer (d. 1772)
  • Feb 28 Louis Godin, French astronomer (d. 1760)
  • Apr 10 Benjamin Heath, English classical scholar, born in Exeter, Devon, England (d. 1766)
  • Jun 4 Benjamin Huntsman, English inventor and manufacturer, born in Lincolnshire, England (d. 1776)
  • Jun 22 John Taylor, English classical scholar (d. 1766)
  • Jun 24 Jean-Baptiste de Boyer, Marquis d'Argens, French writer, born in Aix-en-Provence, France (d. 1771)
  • Jul 15 August Gottlieb Spangenberg, founder of Moravian Church in North America
  • Jul 16 John Kay, English inventor (developed the flying shuttle), born in Lancashire, England (d. around 1779)
  • Jul 31 Gabriel Cramer, Swiss mathematician (paradox of Cramer), born in Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1752)

Person of interestWilliam Allen

Aug 5 William Allen, American loyalist, Chief Justice of the Province of Pennsylvania and Mayor of Philadelphia, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1780)

Mayor of Philadelphia William Allen
Mayor of Philadelphia
William Allen
  • Oct 9 Ján Andrej Segner, Slovak and German mathematician, physicist, and physician, born in Bratislava, Slovakia (d. 1777)
  • Oct 17 Willem Bentinck, orangist
  • Oct 29 John Byng, English admiral executed by firing squad at 52 for neglecting his duty in defence of Minorca, born in Southill, Bedfordshire, England (d. 1757)
  • Nov 1 Paul Daniel Longolius, German encylopedist (editor of Grosses vollständiges Universal-Lexicon), born in Dresden, Germany (d. 1779)
  • Nov 28 Jacob Mossel, Dutch Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (1750-61), born in Enkhuizen, Dutch Republic (d. 1761)
  • Dec 8 Anton de Haen, Austrian medical expert (Ratio Medendi), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1776)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 21 Willem B Schepers, Dutch merchant/ship owner, dies at about 83
  • Feb 2 Guillaume F A de l'Hospital, French mathematician, dies at about 62
  • Mar 17 Menno baron van Coehoorn, fort builder/Coevorden/howitzer, dies at 63
  • Apr 8 Hiob Ludolf, German orientalist (b. 1624)
  • Apr 8 Henry Sydney, 1st Earl of Romney, English statesman, dies at 63
  • Apr 10 William Egon of Fürstenberg, Bishop of Strassburg (b. 1629)
  • Apr 12 Johan van Waveren Hudde, Dutch mathematician (Concerning Reduction of Equations) and Mayor of Amsterdam (1672-1703), dies at 76
  • May 13 Louis Bourdaloue, French Jesuit preacher, dies at 71
  • Jun 18 Thomas "Tom" Brown, English translator and writer of satire (Amusements Serious and Comical, calculated for the Meridian of London), dies at 41
  • Jun 30 John Quelch, a pirate was hanged (b. 1665)
  • Jul 3 Sophia Alekseyevna, Regent of Russia (1682-89), dies at 46
  • Jul 9 Yan Ruoqu, Chinese scholar of Qing dynasty, dies at 67
  • Jul 17 Pierre-Charles Le Sueur, French fur trader and explorer
  • Jul 20 Peregrine White, First English child born in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, dies at 83
  • Aug 14 Roland Laporte, French Protestant leader (b. 1675)
  • Oct 1 Cornelis Dusart, Dutch painter and engraver, dies at 44
  • Oct 3 Jean-Baptiste Denys, French physician who performed the 1st human blood transfusion, a xenotransfusion, dies at about 61

Person of interestJohn Locke

Oct 28 John Locke, English empiricist philosopher; influential Enlightenment thinker and "Father of Liberalism" (Two Treatises of Government), dies at 72

Philosopher John Locke
John Locke
  • Nov 4 Andreas Acoluthus, German orientalist (b. 1654)
  • Nov 20 Charles Plumier, French botanist (Frangipani genus Plumeria is named after him), dies at 58