On This Day

1705 in History

Events in History


Apr 16 Queen Anne of England knights Isaac Newton at Trinity College, Cambridge

Physicist & Mathematician Isaac Newton
Physicist & Mathematician
Isaac Newton
Queen of England Anne Stuart
Queen of England
Anne Stuart
  • Apr 23 Richard Steele's play "Tender Husband" premieres in London
  • Oct 1 Parliament declares Hungary independently/French Rákóczi becomes king
  • Oct 15 English fleet under Lord Peterborough occupies Barcelona
  • Nov 23 Nicholas Rowe's play "Ulysses" premieres in London
  • Dec 26 Fateh Singh (6) and Zorawar Singh (7), sons of Guru Gobind Singh, are murdered by Wazir Khan for refusing to convert to Islam; they are now among the most hallowed martyrs in Sikhism
  • Dec 29 Prosper Jolyot de Crébillon's play "Idoménée" premieres in Paris

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 14 Jean-Baptiste Charles Bouvet de Lozier, French sailor & governor of the Mascarene Islands, born in Pleudihen-sur-Rance, France (d. 1786)
  • Jan 24 Farinelli [Carlo Broschi], Andria Italy, castrato
  • Feb 15 Charles-André Van Loo, French Rococo painter, born in Nice, France (d. 1765)
  • Feb 21 Edward Hawke, 1st Baron Hawke, British naval officer (d. 1781)
  • Feb 22 Peter Arctedius [Artedi], Swedish biologist
  • Mar 2 William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield, Scottish judge and politician (d. 1793)
  • Apr 12 William Cookworthy, English chemist, born in Kingsbridge, Devon (d. 1780)
  • Jul 23 Francis Blomefield, English topographer (History of Norfolk), born in Fersfield, Norfolk (d. 1752)
  • Aug 8 Gustaaf Imhoff, gov of Ceylon (1736-40)/gov of Neth-Indies (1743-50)
  • Aug 30 David Hartley, English philosopher and Founder of the Associationist School of Psychology, born in Halifax, Yorkshire, England (d. 1757)
  • Sep 7 Matthäus Günther, German painter, born in Peissenberg, Germany (d. 1788)
  • Sep 24 Leopold Joseph Graf Daun, Austrian field marshal, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1766)
  • Sep 28 Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland, English corrupt politician (Chiswick), born in Kensington, London (d. 1774)
  • Oct 23 Maximilian Ulysses Count Browne, Austrian field marshal, born in Basel, Switzerland (d. 1757)
  • Oct 31 Pope Clement XIV [Giovanni Ganganelli], Pope (1769-74), born in Rimini, Italy (d. 1774)
  • Nov 23 Thomas Birch, English historian (d. 1766)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 12 Luca Giordano, Italian artist (b. 1634)
  • Jan 15 Walraad, the Young, earl of Nassau-Ottweiler/gov of Nijmegen, dies
  • Jan 17 John Ray, English naturalist (b. 1627)
  • Feb 1 Sophia Charlotte of Hanover, 1st Queen consort of Prussia (1701-05), dies at 36
  • Feb 5 Philipp Jakob Spener, German theologian (b. 1635)
  • May 5 Leopold I, Emperor of Holy Roman Empire (1658-1704), dies at 64
  • Jul 13 Titus Oates, English Protestant conspirator, dies at 55
  • Aug 8 Willem Roukens, mayor (Nimegen ort Nimeguen), beheaded
  • Aug 16 Jacob Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician known for his contributions to calculus, dies at 50
  • Sep 21 Willem Hadriaan of Nassau, corrupt mister of Odijck, dies
  • Oct 11 Guillaume Amontons, French physicist, dies at 42
  • Nov 30 Catherine of Braganza, Portuguese Roman Catholic Queen of Charles II of England, dies at 67