Year 1705 in History

Events in History

  • Jul 12 Ottoman army officer Al-Ḥusayn ibn ʿAlī proclaims himself Bey of Tunis, founding the Husainid Dynasty (dynasty rules till 1957)
  • Oct 1 Parliament declares Hungary independent, French Rákóczi becomes king
  • Oct 15 English fleet under Lord Peterborough occupies Barcelona
  • Nov 23 Nicholas Rowe's play "Ulysses" premieres in London
  • Dec 26 Fateh Singh (6) and Zorawar Singh (7), sons of Guru Gobind Singh, are murdered by Wazir Khan for refusing to convert to Islam; they are now among the most hallowed martyrs in Sikhism
  • Dec 29 Prosper Jolyot de Crébillon's play "Idoménée" premieres in Paris

Historical Figures Born in 1705

  • Jan 14 Jean-Baptiste Charles Bouvet de Lozier, French sailor & governor of the Mascarene Islands, born in Pleudihen-sur-Rance, France (d. 1786)
  • Jan 24 Farinelli [Carlo Broschi], Andria Italy, castrato
  • Feb 15 Charles-André Van Loo, French Rococo painter, born in Nice, France (d. 1765)
  • Feb 21 Edward Hawke, 1st Baron Hawke, British naval officer (won naval victory in Battle of Quiberon Bay) (d. 1781)
  • Feb 22 Peter Arctedius [Artedi], Swedish biologist

More Birthdays in History

Historical Figures Who Died in 1705

  • Jan 4 Madame d'Aulnoy [Marie-Catherine Le Jumel de Barneville], French writer who coined the term fairytales, dies (d. 1650)
  • Jan 12 Luca Giordano, Italian artist (b. 1634)
  • Jan 15 Walraad, the Young, earl of Nassau-Ottweiler/gov of Nijmegen, dies
  • Jan 17 John Ray, English naturalist (b. 1627)
  • Feb 1 Sophia Charlotte of Hanover, 1st Queen consort of Prussia (1701-05), dies at 36

More Deaths in History