On This Day

1706 in History

Events in History

  • Feb 13 Battle at Fraustadt: Swedish army beats Russia and Saksen
  • Mar 8 Vienna's Wiener Stadtbank established
  • Apr 29 Emperor Jozef I becomes monarch of Cologne and Bavaria
  • May 23 Battle of Ramillies during War of the Spanish Succession.: John Churchill (1st Duke of Marlborough) defeats French; 17,000 killed
  • Sep 24 Treaty of Altranstädt: Charles XII of Sweden & August II of Saksen

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 7 Johann Heinrich Zedler, German publisher (d. 1751)

Person of interestBenjamin Franklin

Jan 17 Benjamin Franklin, US Founding Father, inventor, ambassador and writer (Poor Richards Almanac), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1790)

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin
  • Jan 28 John Baskerville, English printer (typeface inventor)
  • Feb 12 Josef Christian, German sculptor
  • Mar 4 Lauritz de Thurah, Danish architect and architectural writer (d. 1759)
  • Mar 6 George Pocock, British admiral (d. 1792)
  • May 17 Andreas Felix von Oefele, German historian and librarian, born in Munich (d. 1780)
  • May 20 Seth Pomeroy, American gunsmith and soldier (d. 1777)
  • Jun 21 John Dollond, British optician and owner of 1st patent for achromatic lens, born in London, England (d. 1761)
  • Jul 21 Pierre Lyonet, Dutch zoologist and cryptologist (Anatomy of Wilgehoutrups), born in Maastricht, Netherlands (d. 1789)
  • Sep 21 Polyxena of Hesse-Rotenburg, Queen consort of Sardinia, born in Langenschwalbach, Hesse (d. 1735)
  • Oct 6 Pieter Steyn, Dutch grand pensionary (1749-72), born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1772)
  • Nov 8 Johann Ulrich von Cramer, German judge and philosopher, born in Ulm, Baden-Württemberg, Germany (d. 1772)
  • Dec 17 Gabrielle Chôtelet [La belle Emilie], French writer (Voltaire), born in Paris (d. 1749)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 21 Adrien Baillet, French scholar and critic, dies at 56
  • Jan 29 Charles Sackville, 6th Earl of Dorset, English poet and courtier (b. 1638)
  • Feb 27 John Evelyn, English writer and diarist (Life of Mrs Godolphin), dies at 85
  • Mar 1 Heino Heinrich Graf von Flemming, German field marshal and Governor of Berlin, dies at 73
  • Apr 10 Arthur Chichester, 3rd Earl of Donegall, Irish soldier (b. 1666)
  • Apr 19 Galenus Abrahamsz de Haen, Dutch baptist pastor (Lambs' War), dies at 83
  • Jul 9 Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville, French Canadian sailor and explorer (b. 1661)
  • Aug 23 Colonel Edward Nott, Esq., British Crown Governor of Virginia (b. 1654)
  • Oct 13 Iyasus the Great, Emperor of Ethiopia (b. 1682)
  • Nov 15 Tsangyang Gyatso, 6th Dalai Lama (1697-1706), dies at 23
  • Nov 16 Cornelis Evertsen the Youngest, Dutch admiral and buccaneer, dies at 64
  • Nov 16 Godfried Schalcken, Dutch painter, etcher and engraver, dies at about 63
  • Dec 9 Pedro II, King of Portugal (1683-1706), dies at 58
  • Dec 28 Pierre Bayle, French philosopher and writer (Historical and Critical Dictionary), dies at 59