On This Day

1708 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 8 Spanish armada headed by the San Jose and loaded with gold sunk after British squadron attacks off coast of Colombia (rediscovered 2015)
  • Feb 24 Prince Johan Willem Friso sworn in as viceroy of Groningen
  • Feb 28 Slave revolt in Newton, Long Island NY results in 11 deaths

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 11 Queen Anne withholds Royal Assent from the Scottish Militia Bill, the last time a British monarch vetoes legislation

Queen of England Anne Stuart
Queen of England
Anne Stuart
  • Mar 23 Pretender to the English throne James III attempts to land at Firth of Forth, Scotland, but is turned away by the British Royal Navy
  • Mar 27 Pretender to the English throne James III flees to Dunkirk

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Jul 4 Battle of Holowczyn: Swedish King Charles XII defeats superior Russian force in surprising vctory

King of Sweden Charles XII
King of Sweden
Charles XII
  • Jul 11 Battle at Oudenaarde: Great Alliance beats France
  • Jul 28 Monarch Amengkurat II [Sunan Mas] of Mataram gives himself up to VOC
  • Aug 3 Battle at Trencsén: Austria beats Hungarian rebellion army
  • Aug 23 Meidingnu Pamheiba is crowned King of Manipur.
  • Aug 29 British troops occupy Menorca & Sardinia
  • Aug 29 Haverhill, Massachusetts destroyed by French & Indians
  • Sep 11 Great Northern war: Charles XII of Sweden stops his march to conquer Moscow outside Smolensk, marking the turning point in the war
  • Oct 9 Great Northern War: Battle at Lesnaya (N.S): Russian army captures Swedish convoy
  • Oct 21 Dutch & English troops occupy Lille (Rijsel)
  • Oct 22 Great Alliance occupies Rijsel
  • Dec 1 Great Alliance occupies Brussels
  • Dec 14 Prosper Jolyot de Crébillon's play "Electre" premieres in Paris
  • Dec 29 Great Alliance occupies Gent

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 25 Pompeo Batoni, Italian painter, born in Lucca, Italy (d. 1787)
  • Jan 30 Georg Dionysius Ehret, German-English botanist & cartoonist, born in Heidelberg, Germany (d. 1770)
  • Apr 23 Friedrich von Hagedorn, German poet (Versuch einiger Poem), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1754)
  • Aug 10 John Stinstra, baptist vicar
  • Oct 16 Albrecht von Haller, Swiss experimental physiologist, biologist and author (Acadamy of Science), born in Bern, Switzerland (d. 1777)

Person of interestWilliam Pitt the Elder

Nov 15 William Pitt the Elder, British Prime Minister (Whig, 1756-61, 66-68) known as the `Great Commoner', born in London, England (d. 1778)

British Prime Minister (The Great Commoner) William Pitt the Elder
British Prime Minister (The Great Commoner)
William Pitt the Elder
  • Dec 8 Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor (1745-1765), born in Ducal Palace of Nancy, Lorraine, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1765)

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

Aug 1 Future Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI (32) marries Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (16) at the church of Santa María del Mar, Barcelona

Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles VI

Deaths in History

  • Apr 30 Simon de Vries, book seller/writer (Unequal), dies
  • May 6 François de Laval, first Roman Catholic bishop of Quebec, dies at 85
  • May 11 Jules Hardouin Mansart, French architect, dies at 62
  • May 12 Adolf Friedrich II of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (b. 1658)
  • Jun 15 Romeyn de Hooghe, Dutch painter and goldsmith, buried at 62
  • Jul 1 Emperor Tekle Haymanot I of Ethiopia (b. 1706)
  • Jul 2 Willem of Nassau, mister of Zuylenstein/lt-gen/baron Enfield, dies
  • Aug 1 Edward Tyson, British Physician and father of comparative anatomy (The Anatomy of a Pygmy, 1698), dies at 57
  • Sep 6 Sir John Morden, English merchant and philanthropist (b. 1623)
  • Sep 7 Tekle Haymanot I of Ethiopia
  • Oct 7 Guru Gobind Singh, Tenth Guru of Sikhism, founder and General of Khalsa Army, social reformist and poet, dies following an assassination attempt at 41
  • Oct 10 David Gregory, Scottish astronomer (b. 1659)
  • Oct 11 Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus, German mathematician (Tschirnhaus transformation), dies at 57
  • Oct 13 Henry van Nassau, mister of Ouwerkerk/fieldmarshal, dies at 67
  • Oct 18 Henry Van Nassau, stable master/fieldmarshal, dies at 67
  • Oct 22 Herman Witsius [Wits], reformed theologist, dies at 72
  • Oct 24 Kowa Seki, Japanese mathematician
  • Oct 28 Prince George of Denmark, Prince Consort of Anne of England, dies at 55
  • Nov 3 Henriette Catharina van Nassau, daughter of Frederick Henry, dies at 71
  • Nov 7 Ludolf Backhuysen, Dutch seascape painter/cartoonist, dies at 76
  • Dec 20 Willem van Bemmel, Dutch painter and etcher, dies at 78
  • Dec 22 Hedvig Sophia, Duchess of Holstein-Gottorp, dies at 27
  • Dec 28 Joseph Pitton de Tournefort, French botanist, dies at 52